Presentation on theme: "Before Giving Care and Checking an Injured or Ill Person"— Presentation transcript:
1 Before Giving Care and Checking an Injured or Ill Person Chapter 1Before Giving CareandChecking an Injured or Ill Person
2 Chapter 1 - ObjectivesMove an ill or injured person with the proper techniqueUtilize and remember the steps for initial care of a victimUnderstand and utilize the Good Samaritan LawKnow and perform the proper techniques for overcoming barriersDiscuss universal precautions for preventing disease transmission
3 Your Role in the EMS System Step 1: Recognize that an Emergency ExistsStep 2: Decide to ActStep 3: Activate the EMS SystemStep 4: Give Care Until Help Arrives
4 Recognize that an Emergency Exists Unusual NoisesScreaming, moaning, yelling, or calls for helpUnusual silenceUnusual SightsDowned Electrical WiresSpilled Medication or empty containerUnusual OdorsOdors that are stronger than usualSulfer SmellUnusual Appearances or BehaviorsUnconsciousnessSudden collapse, slip, or fall
5 Decide to Act Overcoming Barriers to Act Panic or Fear of Doing Something WrongBeing Unsure of the Person’s Condition and What to doAssuming Someone Else Will Take ActionThe Type of Injury or IllnessFear of Catching a DiseaseFear of Being SuedGood Samaritan LawBeing Unsure When to Call
6 Good Samaritan LawLaw that protect people against claims of negligence when they give emergency care in good faith with out accepting anything in return.Usually protect citizens who act the same way a “reasonable and prudent person” would in that same situation.
7 Activate the EMS Call 9-1-1or other local emergency number Emergency Call Taker will ask for:Your addressYour phone numberLocation of the emergencyQuestions to determine if you need the police, fire or medical assistanceDo NOT hang up until the call taker does FIRST
8 Give Care Until Help Takes Over You see an obvious sign of lifeAnother trained responder or EMS takes overYou are too exhausted to continueThe scene becomes unsafeGetting Permission to Give CarePermission to give care if the person is consciousTell them: who you are, how much training you have, what you think is wrong, what you plan to doImplied ConsentGiven if: unconscious or unable to respond, confused, mentally impaired, seriously injured, or seriously ill
9 Disease TransmissionBacteriaLive outside of the body and do not depend on other organisms for lifeVirusesDepend on other organisms to live
10 Prevention of Disease Transmission While Giving CareAvoid Contact with blood and other bodily fluidsUse protective CPR breathing barrierUse other barriersGlovesCover your own cutsCleaning up SpillsClean immediatelyWipe with absorbent materialUse 1part bleach to 9 parts water to clean and disinfect the areaDispose of in a biohazard container
16 IF YOU ARE ALONE: CALL 9-1-1 FIRST IF: 2 MIN. OF CARE FIRST: Any adult or child who is unconsciousA child or infant who you witnessed suddenly collapseUnconscious child or infant known to have heart problems2 MIN. OF CARE FIRST:Unconscious child who you did not see collapseAny drowning victim
17 CAREOnce you have checked the person and called , you may have to give care until EMS personnel take over.
18 To do so Follow these Guidelines: Do no further harmMonitor the person’s breathing and consciousnessHelp the person rest in the most comfortable positionKeep the person from getting chilled or overheatedReassure the personGive any specific care as needed
19 When can you move the victim? When the scene becomes unsafeWhen you need to get to another victim who is more injured.When you need to give care to the victim.
20 Moving an Ill or Injured Person: Techniques on Land:Walking AssistTwo-Person Seat CarryPack-Strap CarryClothes DragBlanket DragAnkle DragTechniques for Water:Reaching AssistsThrowing AssistsWading Assists
21 Checking a Conscious Victim Interview the person and bystandersObtain consent from the victim or parent/guardianCheck the person from head to toeToe to head for children
22 ShockA condition in which the circulatory system fails to deliver enough oxygen-rich blood to the body’s tissues and vital organs
23 Checking an Unconscious Person A,B,C’sAirwayBreathingCirculation
24 Special Situations: Air in the Stomach Vomiting Mouth-to-Nose BreathingMouth-to-Stoma BreathingHead, Neck, and Spinal InjuriesDrowning Victims
25 Recovery Position H – High A – Arm IN E – Endangered S – Spine