Presentation on theme: "After the Revolution Designing a New Nation. AFTER THE REVOLUTION Background Setting up the new Nation NATIONAL GOVERNMENT Strong Limited Nationalists."— Presentation transcript:
After the Revolution Designing a New Nation.
AFTER THE REVOLUTION Background Setting up the new Nation NATIONAL GOVERNMENT Strong Limited Nationalists ?
Articles of Confederation * Weak Couldn’t get states to pay taxes
The New Government A tough 1 st 5—had no power to tax Nationals for strong government that controlled: Currency Tariffs: Control business Federal court system to enforce laws
The Constitutional Convention Moving to improve the federal government Revise Articles of Confederation Nationalists had support of Congress to make changes Chose George Washington to preside over debates
The Controversy Merchants/businesses vs plantation owners more Fed less Fed oversee commerce local control pay debts fear of higher taxes Under these circumstances, North Carolina would not vote for the new Constitution.
More Controversy Representation of the states Virginia Plan: federal representation based on population of each state New Jersey Plan: equal representation for each state (2 each) The Solution 2 houses of Congress: Senate: 2 representatives for each state House of Representatives: # of representatives based on population Slaves counted as 3:5
The Constitution Control Slavery vs Constitution All men are created equal ….life, liberty, pursuit of happiness NC Quakers against slavery….release slaves immediately Northern states banned slavery…wanted document banning slavery Plantation owners: dependent upon slaves for economics …opposed document banning slavery
Women’s Rights vs Constitution Women worked hard during the Revolutionary War Publically recognized for their efforts….however Cannot hold office Cannot vote No new legal rights……….
New Constitution & New President 9/13 states to ratify new constitution Supporters = Federalists Non-supporters = anti-Federalists (opposed new constitution as it was) It did not clearly state the rights of individuals NC & RI did not sign the new Constitution It still passed 1789: states who ratified the Constitution voted for Gen. George Washington as the 1 st President of the United States of America
We’re still not happy NC & others wanted a more detailed explanation of citizen’s rights James Madison : suggested 10 amendments to the Constitution The became THE BILL OF RIGHTS NOW WE ARE HAPPY, HAPPY, HAPPY
The Free State of Franklin Over the Appalachian mountains in Western NC Wanted to break away from authorities over the mountains John Sevier & others declared themselves the “Free State of Franklin.” Eventually became the state of:
The Whiskey Rebellion Farmers send corn throughout the country & export Find it is cheaper to make into whiskey and export US puts taxes on corn whiskey Farmers protest & refuse to pay tax Tax is repealed
Political Parties Federalists vs Democratic-Repubicans For the rich, For common people able, &well-born more self ruling John AdamsThomas Jefferson Alexander Hamilton James Madison
Presidents: 2 & 3 2 nd Presidents: John Adams: Federalists During French Revolution : sided with British Lost support Sedition Act 3 rd President: Thomas Jefferson Democratic-Republicans Lousiana Purchase: from Napoleon Bonapart The Democratic-Republicans were in office for 2 decades