Presentation on theme: "Weaknesses of the Articles"— Presentation transcript:
1Weaknesses of the Articles One vote for each state, regardless of size.Congress cannot collect taxes.This led to the government to issue worthless paper money that caused inflationCongress powerless to regulate foreign and interstate commerce.This restricted growth of interstate commerce and tradeNo separate executive branch to enforce acts of Congress.No national court system to interpret laws.Amendment only with consent of all the states.A 9/13 majority required to pass laws.Articles only a “firm league of friendship”These weaknesses were demonstrated by Shay’s Rebellion
2Causes of Shay’s Rebellion The wealthy investors that had paid for the Revolution wanted their money back.The states raised taxes to pay the debt.Poor farmers rioted in protest of the raised taxes.Massachusetts didn’t have the money to raise an army to stop the riots.Congress didn’t have the power to tax to raise a national army to stop the riot.
3Effects of Shay’s Rebellion People would defy any government that acted against their wishes.It showed America that the federal government had to be strengthened to avoid civil unrest.
4Shay’s Rebellion was a reflection of A strong central governmentA weak central governmentAn effective governmentA fair system of taxation
5What contributed to the demise of the Articles of Confederation? The lack of representation in CongressThe inability of Congress to taxThe ability to make treaties with foreign governmentsThe restrictions on debate within Congress
6Which of these was a major domestic problem faced by the government under the Articles of Confederation?Maintaining national securityCounting population for voting purposesRegulating the slave tradeEstablishing strong state governments
7Which of the following people would have MOST LIKELY supported the Articles of Confederation? A FederalistSomeone who believed states, rather than a central government, should have greater authority to ruleSomeone who believed a central government, rather than states, should have greater authority to rule.Alexander Hamilton
9The Constitutional Convention 55 Delegates meet in Philadelphia in 1787These are mostly wealthy, all white malesGeorge Washington was elected as the presiding officerThe sole purpose of the convention was to amend the Articles of ConfederationHamilton and Madison quickly directed the convention toward drafting a new documentTwo different plans are put forth for the new government.
10The Virginia PlanIt called for the creation of a bicameral national legislature where each state would send representatives in proportion to the population.This plan made the federal government stronger than the state governments.
11The New Jersey PlanIt called for the creation of a unicameral national legislature where each state had an equal number of votesThis plan kept the national government weak and the states powerful.
12The Great Compromise It created a bicameral legislature. The Senate would have the same number of representatives from each state.In the House of Representatives, the number of representatives would be based upon the population of the state.
13The FederalistsThe Federalists were a group that advocated for increased power for the Federal governmentThis group included Washington, Madison, Franklin and HamiltonThey felt that central government would provide stability and orderThey were convinced that the Constitution would provide safeguards for the rights of the people
14The Anti-FederalistsThe Anti-Federalists were very leery of federal powerThey feared that the central government would trample the rights of the peopleThey also felt that the federal power would usurp the power of statesThey insisted on a written guarantee of rights and liberties which became known as the bill of rightsAfter the convention, Jefferson became the leading advocate for the Anti-Federalists
15James Madison commented that, “A government composed of such extensive powers should be well organized and balanced.” Which of the following helped to balance power between the large and small states?The slave tradeThe Great CompromiseThe three-fifths compromiseThe Bill of Rights
16The US Constitution begins with the words “We the People The US Constitution begins with the words “We the People.” Why did Madison chose these three words to open the document?To show the delegates were unanimous in their approval of the documentTo show that government gets it power from the “consent of the governed”To illustrate that the Constitution was written for everyoneTo emphasize that the people elect everyone in government
17Which of the following problems did the Great Compromise solve? Slavery in the US following the revolutionHow many representatives each state would have in the federal legislative branchDebate over when the slave trade would endWhat rights would be protected under the Constitution
18The Three-Fifths Compromise Established a legislative branch comprised of two houses.Allowed slaves to be partially counted as part of the US population.Made George Washington president in exchange for maintaining slavery in the South.Allowed southerners to count slaves in the population in exchange for immediately ending the slave trade.
19Who of the following would have been MOST LIKELY to favor the Virginia Plan? A delegate to the Constitutional Convention from a small state.A delegate to the Second Continental Congress from a small state.People opposed to slavery.Delegates to the Constitutional Convention from a large state.
20A strong Federalist would have MOST LIKELY supported which of the following? The Jeffersonian-RepublicansThe Articles of ConfederationThe Bill of RightsThe Constitution prior to any amendments
22Trade and PowersThe powers of government were to be divided between the state and federal governmentsThis is a system known as federalismThe Presidential term was limited to 4 years, with no limit on the number of termsThe following page discusses the separation of powers and the system of checks and Balances
24Slavery Issues Slaves as population Importation Northerners do not want slaves counted, people = votesClearly, Southerners prefer to count slaves as population3/5ths Compromise solves the issueImportationTo woo Southern states slave import is guaranteed until 1808It is then to be regulated by Congress
25What does this information describe? Lawmakers have tried to pass this campaign finance law twice. Both times, the president has vetoed the law. This time, most believe the US Supreme Court would uphold the law if it came before the Court.What does this information describe?The power of the Great CompromiseThe importance of federalismThe system of checks and balancesThe need to reform government
26The US Constitution is built on all of the following principles EXCEPT Governments can act without answering to the peopleThe power of the government rests with the peopleState and federal governments share powerThe federal government holds supreme power
27The three-fifths compromise sought to prevent States with high slave populations from dominating the House of Representatives.The Senate from becoming too powerful within the bicameral system.The Constitution from ultimately being ratified.Antifederalists from winning the debate over federalism.
28Limited government, a system of checks and balances, a separation of the powers in government, and government based on the will of the people, form the foundation for theNorthwest OrdinanceUnited States ConstitutionLouisiana PurchaseArticles of Confederation