Presentation on theme: "1st and 2nd Conjugation Verbs"— Presentation transcript:
11st and 2nd Conjugation Verbs Wheelock Chapter I1st and 2nd Conjugation Verbs
2Verbs Five characteristics: Person Number Tense Mood Voice To conjugate is to list a verb's forms.
3Personal Endings Singular Plural 1st person -o, -m -mus 2nd person -s -tis3rd person-t-nt
4How to Conjugate/Translate Most Latin verbs have four principal parts:laudō, laudāre, laudāvī, laudātum = to praisemoneō, monēre, monuī, monitum = to warnPresent TensePlace the first principle part in the 1st person singular positionGo to the infinitive to form the stemAttach personal endings to the stemGo through principal parts, of course. Don't forget to explain 1st/2nd conjugations!
5How to Conjugate/Translate Most Latin verbs have four principal parts:laudō, laudāre, laudāvī, laudātum = to praisemoneō, monēre, monuī, monitum = to warnTranslating presentSimple present: I praisePresent Progressive: I am praisingEmphatic: I do praise
6How to Conjugate/Translate SingularPlural1stlaudōI praiseI am praisingI do praiselaudāmusWe praise2ndlaudāsYou praiselaudātisYou all praise3rdlaudatHe/she/it praiseslaudantThey praise
8Present Active Imperative Imperative: A commandAlways 2nd person.SingularJust the stem: Laudā! Praise!PluralStem + te = Laudāte! (you all) Praise!
9How to find words in the dictionary Make sure you are in the Latin section.Work backward to find the first person singular (verbs are listed by their first principal part)I.e., vocāmus has the stem vocā, which means its first principal part must be vocō. Therefore, look up vocō.
10Spoken Latin Quid agis? Ago ________. Optime Bene Satis bene Male Pessime
11How to translate sentences In English, we have a subject-verb-object order.The dog bit David.In Latin, the words can go in any order.The dog David bit.David the dog bit.David bit the dog.HOWEVER, Latin tends to use subject-object-verb.Remember to have them tell what a subject is.
12How to translate sentences That means you should follow these steps:Find the subject of the sentence (usually near the beginning)Find the verb (usually at the end) and CHECK YOUR ENDING TO SEE WHO IS DOING IT!If your verb takes an object, find it.Labor mē vocat.
13Labor me terret.Puellae me vident. (puella = girl)
14Practice Monē mē, sī errō. Mē laudās; mē culpant. (culpō, culpāre = to blame)Saepe peccāmus. (pecco, peccare = to sin)Quid cogitāre debēmus?Mē nōn amat.Nihil mē terret.Apollo mē saepe servat.Salvēte! Quid vidētis? Nihil vidēmus.Bis dās, sī cito dās. (bis = twice, cito = quickly)Sī valēs, valeō.
15Translate Cōnservāte mē! Saepe nihil cogitās. Rumor volat. (volō, volāre = to fly)What does he see?They are giving nothing.If you love me, save me!
17Chapter I Vocabulary A B 1. vocō, vocāre 5. videō, vidēre 2. servō, servāre6. errō, errāre3. dō, dāre7. saepe4. quid8. moneō, monēre9. Provide an English derivative from Column A.10. Provide an English derivative from Column B.
18Chapter I QuizConjugate and translate terreō, terrēre, terruī, territum in the present tense. (to frighten)Conjugate cogitō, cogitāre, cogitavī, cogitātum. (You needn’t translate)Provide the singular and plural imperatives for the verb dō, dāre.Give an example of an infinitive in English.Saepe laudamus.Mē nōn amat.Quid cogitāre debēmus?Sī valēs, valeō.
19Bonus (Answer in complete sentences) What does e pluribus unum mean?Quid nomen est tibi?Quid agis?