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Wheelock Chapter I 1st and 2nd Conjugation Verbs.

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1 Wheelock Chapter I 1st and 2nd Conjugation Verbs

2 Verbs Five characteristics: 1.Person 2.Number 3.Tense 4.Mood 5.Voice To conjugate is to list a verb's forms.

3 Personal Endings SingularPlural 1st person-o, -m-mus 2nd person-s-tis 3rd person-t-nt

4 How to Conjugate/Translate Most Latin verbs have four principal parts: laudō, laudāre, laudāvī, laudātum = to praise moneō, monēre, monuī, monitum = to warn Present Tense 1.Place the first principle part in the 1st person singular position 2.Go to the infinitive to form the stem 3.Attach personal endings to the stem

5 How to Conjugate/Translate Most Latin verbs have four principal parts: laudō, laudāre, laudāvī, laudātum = to praise moneō, monēre, monuī, monitum = to warn Translating present o Simple present: I praise o Present Progressive: I am praising o Emphatic: I do praise

6 How to Conjugate/Translate SingularPlural 1stlaudō I praise I am praising I do praise laudāmus We praise 2ndlaudās You praise laudātis You all praise 3rdlaudat He/she/it praises laudant They praise

7 Translate 1.Laudās. 2.Laudāmus. 3.Laudātis. 4.Laudat. 5.Laudant. 6.Laudō. 1. Monēs. 2. Monētis. 3. Monent. 4. Monēmus. 5. Monēre 6. Moneō. 7. Monet.

8 Present Active Imperative Imperative: A command Always 2nd person. Singular o Just the stem: Laudā! Praise! Plural o Stem + te = Laudāte!(you all) Praise!

9 How to find words in the dictionary 1.Make sure you are in the Latin section. 2.Work backward to find the first person singular (verbs are listed by their first principal part) I.e., vocāmus has the stem vocā, which means its first principal part must be vocō. Therefore, look up vocō.

10 Spoken Latin Quid agis? Ago ________. o Optime o Bene o Satis bene o Male o Pessime

11 How to translate sentences In English, we have a subject-verb-object order. The dog bit David. In Latin, the words can go in any order. The dog David bit. David the dog bit. David bit the dog. HOWEVER, Latin tends to use subject-object-verb.

12 How to translate sentences That means you should follow these steps: 1.Find the subject of the sentence (usually near the beginning) 2.Find the verb (usually at the end) and CHECK YOUR ENDING TO SEE WHO IS DOING IT! 3.If your verb takes an object, find it. Labor mē vocat.

13 Labor me terret. Puellae me vident. (puella = girl)

14 Practice 1.Monē mē, sī errō. 2.Mē laudās; mē culpant. (culpō, culpāre = to blame) 3.Saepe peccāmus. (pecco, peccare = to sin) 4.Quid cogitāre debēmus? 5.Mē nōn amat. 6.Nihil mē terret. 7.Apollo mē saepe servat. 8.Salvēte! Quid vidētis? Nihil vidēmus. 9.Bis dās, sī cito dās. (bis = twice, cito = quickly) 10.Sī valēs, valeō.

15 Translate  Cōnservāte mē!  Saepe nihil cogitās.  Rumor volat. (volō, volāre = to fly)  What does he see?  They are giving nothing.  If you love me, save me!

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17 9. Provide an English derivative from Column A. 10. Provide an English derivative from Column B.

18 Chapter I Quiz 1.Conjugate and translate terreō, terrēre, terruī, territum in the present tense. (to frighten) 2.Conjugate cogitō, cogitāre, cogitavī, cogitātum. (You needn’t translate) 3.Provide the singular and plural imperatives for the verb dō, dāre. 4.Give an example of an infinitive in English. 5.Saepe laudamus. 6.Mē nōn amat. 7.Quid cogitāre debēmus? 8.Sī valēs, valeō.

19 Bonus (Answer in complete sentences) 1.What does e pluribus unum mean? 1.Quid nomen est tibi? 1.Quid agis?


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