Presentation on theme: "Wheelock Chapter II First Declension Nouns and Adjectives."— Presentation transcript:
Wheelock Chapter II First Declension Nouns and Adjectives
Nouns Latin is an inflected language Nouns have number, gender, and case.
Cases Nominative Case o Used for the SUBJECT of a sentence The poet is giving roses to the girl. o PREDICATE NOMINATIVE My daughter is a poet. Genitive Case o Used to indicate POSSESSION The poems of the poet are terrific. Dative Case o Used for the INDIRECT OBJECT The poet is giving roses to the girl.
Cases Accusative Case o Used to indicate the DIRECT OBJECT of the verb The poet is giving roses to the girl. Ablative Case o Used for, uh, basically extra information The poet is giving roses to the girl with care. Vocative Case o Used for DIRECT ADDRESS O poet, would you give these roses to the girl?
1st Declension Nouns/Adjectives Like we conjugate verbs by adding endings to a stem, we decline nouns by adding endings to a base. Nouns will be listed by their nominative and genitive forms: poeta, poetae (or poeta, -ae) *Identify which declension by the genitive *Form the base by going to the genitive and dropping the genitive ending (-ae)
Declension of porta, -ae SingularPlural Nominative porta the gate portae the gates Genitive portae of the gate portārum of the gates Dative portae to/for the gate portīs to/for the gates Accusative portam the gate portās the gates Ablative portā by/with/from the gate portīs by/with/from the gates Vocative porta O gate, portae O gates,
Decline and translate puella, puellae
Translate the following nouns 1.puellam 2.puellās 3.puellae 4.patriās 5.patria 6.patriā 7.poenārum 8.poenīs
Adjectives Adjectives must agree with the nouns they modify in number, gender, and case! Adjectives often follow the noun they modify (e.g. porta magna = the great gate)
Translate into Latin 1.By money 2.great life 3.of the girl 4.to the girls
Circle subjects. Underline direct objects. Translate. Nautae rosās puellīs dant. Nautīs rosās puellae dant. Poēta puellās multās amat. Magnus poēta nōn est sine famā. Formam puellae meae videō.
Identify the case of the underlined noun. Then, translate. 1.Salvē, Ō patria! 1.Fāma et sententia volant. 1.Dā veniam puellae. 1.Clēmentia tua multās vītās servat. 1.Philosophia est ars vitae.
Identify the case of the underlined noun. Then, translate. 1.Mē philosophiae dō. 1.Īra creat īnsāniam. 1.Dēbēmus īram vītāre. 1.Nūlla avāritia sine poenā est. (nullus = no) 1.Rotam fortūnae nōn timent.
9. Provide an English derivative from Column A. 10. Provide an English derivative from Column B.
1.What are the three characteristics of a Latin noun? 1.In what three ways must an adjective agree with the noun it is modifying? 1.What case is used for the subject? 1.Decline and translate nauta, nautae (sailor). 1.Translate the sentence and give the case of the underlined word. a.Poēta puellās multās amat. b.Dā veniam puellae. c.Poēta puellam nōn amat. d.Obdūrō, mea puella—sed sine tē nōn valeō.
BONUS 1.Literally meaning “I will love you,” what does amabō tē mean idiomatically? 2.What does Ad astra per aspera mean? 3.As we know, Romulus killed his brother, Remus, and gave his own name to Rome. What year did this happen?