Presentation on theme: "First Declension Nouns and Adjectives"— Presentation transcript:
1First Declension Nouns and Adjectives Wheelock Chapter IIFirst Declension Nouns and Adjectives
2Nouns Latin is an inflected language Nouns have number, gender, and case.
3Cases Nominative Case Genitive Case Dative Case Used for the SUBJECT of a sentenceThe poet is giving roses to the girl.PREDICATE NOMINATIVEMy daughter is a poet.Genitive CaseUsed to indicate POSSESSIONThe poems of the poet are terrific.Dative CaseUsed for the INDIRECT OBJECT
4Cases Accusative Case Ablative Case Vocative Case Used to indicate the DIRECT OBJECT of the verbThe poet is giving roses to the girl.Ablative CaseUsed for, uh, basically extra informationThe poet is giving roses to the girl with care.Vocative CaseUsed for DIRECT ADDRESSO poet, would you give these roses to the girl?
51st Declension Nouns/Adjectives Like we conjugate verbs by adding endings to a stem, we decline nouns by adding endings to a base.Nouns will be listed by their nominative and genitive forms: poeta, poetae (or poeta, -ae)*Identify which declension by the genitive*Form the base by going to the genitive and dropping the genitive ending (-ae)
6Declension of porta, -ae SingularPluralNominativeportathe gateportaethe gatesGenitiveof the gateportārumof the gatesDativeto/for the gateportīsto/for the gatesAccusativeportamportāsAblativeportāby/with/from the gateby/with/from the gatesVocativeO gate,O gates,*Notice that Latin lacks articles (a, an, the) which we must provide
8Translate the following nouns puellampuellāspuellaepatriāspatriapatriāpoenārumpoenīs
9AdjectivesAdjectives must agree with the nouns they modify in number, gender, and case!Adjectives often follow the noun they modify (e.g. porta magna = the great gate)
10Translate into LatinBy moneygreat lifeof the girlto the girls
11Circle subjects. Underline direct objects. Translate. Nautae rosās puellīs dant.Nautīs rosās puellae dant.Poēta puellās multās amat.Magnus poēta nōn est sine famā.Formam puellae meae videō.
12Identify the case of the underlined noun. Then, translate. Salvē, Ō patria!Fāma et sententia volant.Dā veniam puellae.Clēmentia tua multās vītās servat.Philosophia est ars vitae.
13Identify the case of the underlined noun. Then, translate. Mē philosophiae dō.Īra creat īnsāniam.Dēbēmus īram vītāre.Nūlla avāritia sine poenā est. (nullus = no)Rotam fortūnae nōn timent.
14A B Chapter II Vocabulary 1. pecunia, -ae 5. magnus, -a, -um 2. vita, -ae6. sed3. forma, -ae7. sine4. multus, -a, -um8. puella, -ae9. Provide an English derivative from Column A.10. Provide an English derivative from Column B.
15What are the three characteristics of a Latin noun? In what three ways must an adjective agree with the noun it is modifying?What case is used for the subject?Decline and translate nauta, nautae (sailor).Translate the sentence and give the case of the underlined word.Poēta puellās multās amat.Dā veniam puellae.Poēta puellam nōn amat.Obdūrō, mea puella—sed sine tē nōn valeō.
16BONUSLiterally meaning “I will love you,” what does amabō tē mean idiomatically?What does Ad astra per aspera mean?As we know, Romulus killed his brother, Remus, and gave his own name to Rome. What year did this happen?