3Imperfect Tense DO NOT TRANSLATE AS "I verbed!" The imperfect tense is one of the six tenses in Latin.It refers to a past action and can be translated the following ways:I was verbingI used to verbI kept on verbingDO NOT TRANSLATE AS "I verbed!"
4Imperfect Tense Endings SingularPlural1st person-bamI was praising-bāmuswe were praising2nd person-bāsYou were praising-bātisy'all were praising3rd person-batHe/she/it was praising-bantthey were praisingThe imperfect will ALWAYS have -ba- in it.
5Imperfect tenseThose endings (-bam, -bas, -bat, etc.) will attach to the end of the stem as usual.Example:laudō, laudāre, laudavī, laudātumlaudō, laudā/relaudā+ending --> laudābam, laudābās, etc.
6Future Tense Same stem, new endings Remember, these are only for 1st/2nd conjugation verbsFuture may be translated as follows:I will verbI shall verb*shall = used in first person only unless it's a command/prophecy
7Beware the vowel change: bo/bi/bi/bi/bi/bu Future Tense EndingsSingularPlural1st person-bōI shall praise-bimuswe will praise2nd person-bisYou will praise-bitisy'all will praise3rd person-bitHe/she/it will praise-buntthey will praisebam = was, bis = willBeware the vowel change: bo/bi/bi/bi/bi/bu
8Imperfect tenseThose endings (-bō, -bis, -bit, etc.) will attach to the end of the stem as usual.Example:laudō, laudāre, laudavī, laudātumlaudō, laudā/relaudā+ending --> laudābō, laudābis, etc.
9Adjectives ending in -er Some adjectives of 1st/2nd declension end in -er. They should not be a problem provided that the feminine and neuter forms are memorized in order to get the base.līber, lībera, līberum (free)pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum (beautiful)Līber would decline līber, līberī, līberō... while pulcher would decline pulcher, pulchrī, pulchrō...
10Parse and Translate culpābāmus remanēbit culpābitis remanēbō culpābunt remanēbat
11Translate Magister noster mē laudat et crās tē laudābit. Invidiam populī Rōmānī crās nōn sustinēbis.Perīculumne igitur herī remanēbat?Superā īram tuam.Culpa est mea, Ō amīcī.
12Translate Propter adulēscentiam, fīliī meī, mala vītae nōn vidēbātis. Satisne sānus es?Semper glōria et fāma tua manēbunt.
13Thermopylae (300)"Exercitus noster est magnus," Persicus inquit, "et propter numerum sagittārum nostrārum caelum nōn vidēbitis!"Tum Lacedaemonius respondet: "In umbrā, igitur, pugnābimus!"Exercitus = army Persicus, -ī = a Persianinquit = says sagitta, -ae = arrowrespondēre = to respond umbra, -ae = shade,pugnāre = to fight shadow
14Chapter 5 Quiz1. verbum, -ī5. cras2. animus, -ī6. sanus, -a, -um3. tum7. satis4. superō, superāre8. quando9. Helen of Troy was known for her pulchritude. That is to say, she was known for her ________.10. A cenacle is most likely what?The act of freeing from fault or crimeA person who believes all people are selfishA crushed rockA dining room
15Magister noster mē laudat et crās tē laudābit. Conjugate and translate culpō, culpāre, culpavī, culpatum (to blame) in the Present, Imperfect, and Future tenses.Translate:Satisne sanus es?Magister noster mē laudat et crās tē laudābit.“Propter numerum sagittārum nostrārum caelum nōn vidēbitis!”"In umbrā, igitur, pugnābimus!”Puella pulchra mē amabat.Colors, Thermopylae, equinox