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Plural NOUNS Latin Words in English What are the missing plural or singular forms for these English words? SINGULARPLURAL cactus formulae narcissi axis.

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Presentation on theme: "Plural NOUNS Latin Words in English What are the missing plural or singular forms for these English words? SINGULARPLURAL cactus formulae narcissi axis."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Plural NOUNS

3 Latin Words in English What are the missing plural or singular forms for these English words? SINGULARPLURAL cactus formulae narcissi axis radii larva fungus appendices vertebra matrix

4 Latin Words in English Can you think of any other English words that would fit these patterns? SINGULARPLURAL cactuscacti formulaformulae narcissusnarcissi axisaxes radiusradii larvalarvae fungusfungi appendixappendices vertebravertebrae matrixmatrices

5 How do you make these words plural? 1.antenna 2.larva 3.vertebra 4.femina 5.via 1.antennae 2.larvae 3.vertebrae 4.feminae 5.viae

6 1 st Declension Nouns SingularPlural Nominative (Subject) -a -ae Accusative (Dir Obj) -am

7 How do you make these words plural? 1.fungus 2.stimulus 3.apparatus 4.amicus 5.servus 1.fungi 2.stimuli 3.apparati 4.amici 5.servi

8 2 nd Declension Nouns 1 st Declension Nouns SingularPlural Nominative (Subject) -us -i Accusative (Dir Obj) -um

9 How do you make these words plural? 1.bacterium 2.datum 3.minimum 4.forum 5.atrium 1.bacteria 2.data 3.minima 4.fora 5.atria

10 2 nd Declension Nouns (Neuter nouns!) 1 st Declension Nouns SingularPlural Nominative (Subject) -um -a Accusative (Dir Obj) -um

11 How do you make these words plural? 1.axis 2.vertex 3.basis 4.mater, matris 5.mercator, mercatoris 1.axes 2.vertices 3.bases 4.matres 5.mercatores

12 3 rd Declension Nouns 1 st Declension Nouns SingularPlural Nominative (Subject) ~ -es Accusative (Dir Obj) -em

13 Make the following Nominative Plural… 1. navis, navis 2. servus, servi 3. iudex, iudicis 4. cera, caera 5. anulus, anuli 6. ianua, ianuae 7. mendax, mendacis 8. pecunia, pecuniae 9. Quintus, Quinti 10. leo, leonis

14 Plural VERBS

15 Present Endings - SONG Singular Plural 1 st -o (I) -mus (We) 2 nd -s (You) -tis (Y’all) 3 rd -t (S/he, it) -nt (They) amo, amas, amat, amamus, amatis, amant moneo, mones, monet, monemus, monetis, monent rego, regis, regit, regimus, regitis, regunt audio, audis, audit, audimus, auditis, audiunt

16 In English, what happens to the verb?  The dog sees dinner.  The dogs ______ dinner.

17 In Latin, the verb has to change too! The dog sees dinner. The dogs see dinner. canis cenam videt. canes cenam vident.

18 1 st and 2 nd Conjugations 1.Go to the second Principal part 2.Drop the ‘RE’ 3.Add ‘NT’ Example:  LAUDARE  LAUDA…  LAUDANT (They praise)

19 3 rd and 4 th Conjugations 1.Go to the 2 nd principal part. 2.Drop the ‘ERE’ if 3 rd and the ‘RE’ if 4 th Conj. 3.ADD ‘UNT’ Example: 1.AGEREAUDIRE 2.AG…AUDI… 3.AGUNT (They do)AUDIUNT

20 Change Singulars to Plurals 1.ambulo, ambulare 2.audio, audire 3.trado, tradere 4.voco, vocare 5.ago, agere 6.maneo, manēre 7.dico, dicere 8.vinco, vincere 1.ambulant 2.audiunt 3.tradunt 4.vocant 5.agunt 6.manent 7.dicunt 8.vincunt

21 Practice Translation Practice translating the following story. Link for Vocabulary Help – CLICK HERE

22 Translate in theatro (page 80)

23 Culture Reading Study the following taken from your textbook.

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