Presentation on theme: "Conjugating a First Conjugation Verb amo amare amavi amatus."— Presentation transcript:
Conjugating a First Conjugation Verb amo amare amavi amatus
All About Verbs Each verb has 4 principal parts First Person Singular Present Active I love Present active Infinitive To love First Person Singular Perfect Active I have loved Perfect Passive Participle Having been loved amoamareamaviamatus
Finding the Present Stem amareamaviamatusamo The present stem is the second principal part – re. amare- re=ama Find the second principal part of the verb.
Present Active Tense The present active tense = Present Stem + Present Active Endings First Person Second Person Third Person o s t I you he, she, it SingularPlural nt tis muswe you they Present Active Endings
First Person Second Person Third Person Amo Amas t mus tis nt I love I am loving I do love You love You are loving You do love He loves He is loving He does love We love We are loving We do love You love You are loving You do love They love They are loving They do love Present Active
Present Passive Tense The present passive tense = Present Stem + Present Passive Endings First Person Second Person Third Person or ris tur I you he, she, it SingularPlural ntur mini murwe you they Present Passive Endings
First Person Second Person Third Person Amor Amaris Amatur Ama mur mini ntur I am loved You are loved He is loved We are loved You are loved They are loved Present Passive
Imperfect Tense Present Stem+ BA+ Present Endings Ama ba mus ba s m t tis nt You loved I loved He loved You loved We loved They loved Imperfect Active Ama ba r ris tur mur mini ntur I was loved You were loved He was loved We were loved You were loved They were loved Imperfect Passive
Future Tense Present Stem+ Bi+ Present Endings Ama b bi mus bi bu s o t tis nt You will love I will love He will love You will love We will love They will love Future Active Ama bo be bi bu r ris tur mur mini ntur I will be loved You will be loved He will be loved We will be loved You will be loved They will be loved Future Passive
Finding the Perfect Stem amaviamareamatusamo The perfect stem is the third principal part – i. amavi- i=amav Find the third principal part of the verb.
Perfect Active Tense The Perfect Active Tense = Perfect Stem + Perfect Active Endings First Person Second Person Third Person i isti it I you he, she, it SingularPlural erunt istis imuswe you they Perfect Active Endings
First Person Second Person Third Person Amavi it Amav imus istis erunt I loved I have loved I did love You loved You have loved You did love He loved He has loved He did love We loved We have loved We did love They loved They have loved They did love Perfect Active You loved You have loved You did love isti
Pluperfect Active Tense Perfect Stem+ era+ Present Endings Amav era mus era s m t tis nt You had loved I had loved He had loved You had loved We had loved They had loved Pluperfect Active
Future Perfect Active Tense Perfect Stem+ eri+ Present Endings Amav er eri mus eri s o t tis nt You will have loved I will have loved He will have loved You will have loved We will have loved They will have loved Future Perfect Active
Perfect Passive System 1. Uses the fourth principal part which is called the perfect passive participle (PPP). amo, amare, amavi, amatus. -a. -um 2. The perfect passive participle (PPP) is a verbal adjective and must agree with the subject of the sentence. If the subject is puella (feminine singular), the PPP will be amata. If the subject is puellae (feminine plural), the PPP will be amatae. If the subject is vir (masculine singular), the PPP will be amatus. If the subject is viri (masculine plural), the PPP will be amati. If the subject is oppidum (neuter singular), the PPP will be amatum. If the subject is oppida (neuter plural), the PPP will be amata.
Perfect Passive Tense PPP+ Present Tense of Sum Amatus – a - um Amati –ae -a Amati –ae –a Amati – ae -a sum es est sumus estis sunt You have been loved I have been loved He has been loved You have been loved We have been loved They have been loved Perfect Passive
Pluperfect Passive Tense PPP+ imperfect Tense of Sum Amatus – a - um Amati –ae -a Amati –ae –a Amati – ae -a eram eras erat eramus eratis erant You had been loved I had been loved He had been loved You had been loved We had been loved They had been loved Pluperfect Passive
Future Perfect Passive Tense PPP+ Future Tense of Sum Amatus – a - um Amati –ae -a Amati –ae –a Amati – ae -a ero eris erit erimus eritis erunt You will have been loved I will have been loved He will have been loved You will have been loved We will have been loved They will have been loved Future Perfect Passive Tense
The ______________ tense does not use the present stem. a. Future b. Past Perfect c. Imperfect d. Present next