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HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The Islamic World Section 1:The Rise of Islam Section 2:The Spread of Islam.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The Islamic World Section 1:The Rise of Islam Section 2:The Spread of Islam."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The Islamic World Section 1:The Rise of Islam Section 2:The Spread of Islam Section 3:Islamic Civilization CHAPTER 11

2 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 2 Objectives: Describe how geography affected the people of the Arabian Peninsula. Describe how geography affected the people of the Arabian Peninsula. Explain how Islam began. Explain how Islam began. Identify the main beliefs of Islam. Identify the main beliefs of Islam. Section 1: The Rise of Islam

3 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 3 Arabia: Its Geography and People Mainly desert surrounded by Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, and Red Sea Mainly desert surrounded by Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, and Red Sea Section 1: The Rise of Islam

4 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 4 The Prophet Muhammad Vision and revelations Vision and revelations Hijrah – journey from Mecca to Yathrib Hijrah – journey from Mecca to Yathrib Section 1: The Rise of Islam

5 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 5 The Faith of Islam One God – submission to the will of God One God – submission to the will of God Five Pillars of Islam Five Pillars of Islam Jihad – struggle to defend the faith Jihad – struggle to defend the faith Section 1: The Rise of Islam

6 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 6 Objectives: Explore how the Muslims expanded their empire. Explore how the Muslims expanded their empire. Explain why the Islamic community divided. Explain why the Islamic community divided. Section 2: The Spread of Islam

7 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 7 Expansion Under Abū Bakr and ‘Umar Abū Bakr – Muhammad’s successor Abū Bakr – Muhammad’s successor ‘Umar succeeded Abū Bakr – conquered neighboring non-Muslim lands ‘Umar succeeded Abū Bakr – conquered neighboring non-Muslim lands Section 2: The Spread of Islam

8 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 8 The Islamic Community Divides Disagreements about who should be caliphs Disagreements about who should be caliphs Section 2: The Spread of Islam

9 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 9 The Empire Continues to Spread The Moors – Muslims in Spain The Moors – Muslims in Spain The Turks and Islam – conquered Syria, Mesopotamia, and much of Asia Minor The Turks and Islam – conquered Syria, Mesopotamia, and much of Asia Minor Section 2: The Spread of Islam

10 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 10 Objectives: Describe how the location of Arabia affected trade in the Muslim Empire. Describe how the location of Arabia affected trade in the Muslim Empire. Explain what Muslim society and family life were like. Explain what Muslim society and family life were like. Identify Muslim achievements in science. Identify Muslim achievements in science. Explore how Islam influenced Arab art and literature. Explore how Islam influenced Arab art and literature. Section 3: Islamic Civilization

11 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 11 A Culture of Traders At center of world trade network that linked Europe, Asia, and Africa At center of world trade network that linked Europe, Asia, and Africa Section 3: Islamic Civilization

12 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 12 Government and Society Qur’an governed religious life and daily life Qur’an governed religious life and daily life Slavery was common Slavery was common Muslim women enjoyed more freedoms than most other women Muslim women enjoyed more freedoms than most other women Polygamy was common Polygamy was common Section 3: Islamic Civilization

13 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 13 The Sciences Medicine – studied pharmaceutical drugs and dissection Medicine – studied pharmaceutical drugs and dissection Geography – astronomy, navigation, maps, astrolabe Geography – astronomy, navigation, maps, astrolabe Mathematics – Arabic number system, decimals Mathematics – Arabic number system, decimals Section 3: Islamic Civilization

14 HOLT World History World History THE HUMAN JOURNEY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 14 The Arts Calligraphy, architecture, geometric and floral patterns Calligraphy, architecture, geometric and floral patterns The Thousand and One Nights – collection of folktales including “Sinbad the Sailor,” “Aladdin,” and “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves” The Thousand and One Nights – collection of folktales including “Sinbad the Sailor,” “Aladdin,” and “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves” Section 3: Islamic Civilization


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