Presentation on theme: "The Islamic World CHAPTER 11 Section 1: The Rise of Islam"— Presentation transcript:
1The Islamic World CHAPTER 11 Section 1: The Rise of Islam 4/6/2017CHAPTER 11The Islamic WorldSection 1: The Rise of IslamSection 2: The Spread of IslamSection 3: Islamic Civilization
2The Rise of Islam Objectives: Section 1: Describe how geography affected the people of the Arabian Peninsula.Explain how Islam began.Identify the main beliefs of Islam.
3Arabia: Its Geography and People Section 1:The Rise of IslamArabia: Its Geography and PeopleMainly desert surrounded by Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, and Red Sea
4The Rise of Islam The Prophet Muhammad Section 1: Vision and revelationsHijrah – journey from Mecca to Yathrib
5The Rise of Islam The Faith of Islam Section 1: One God – submission to the will of GodFive Pillars of IslamJihad – struggle to defend the faith
6The Spread of Islam Objectives: Section 2: Explore how the Muslims expanded their empire.Explain why the Islamic community divided.
7Expansion Under Abū Bakr and ‘Umar Section 2:The Spread of IslamExpansion Under Abū Bakr and ‘UmarAbū Bakr – Muhammad’s successor‘Umar succeeded Abū Bakr – conquered neighboring non-Muslim lands
8The Islamic Community Divides Section 2:The Spread of IslamThe Islamic Community DividesDisagreements about who should be caliphs
9The Empire Continues to Spread Section 2:The Spread of IslamThe Empire Continues to SpreadThe Moors – Muslims in SpainThe Turks and Islam – conquered Syria, Mesopotamia, and much of Asia Minor
10Islamic Civilization Objectives: Section 3: Describe how the location of Arabia affected trade in the Muslim Empire.Explain what Muslim society and family life were like.Identify Muslim achievements in science.Explore how Islam influenced Arab art and literature.
11Islamic Civilization A Culture of Traders Section 3: At center of world trade network that linked Europe, Asia, and Africa
12Government and Society Section 3:Islamic CivilizationGovernment and SocietyQur’an governed religious life and daily lifeSlavery was commonMuslim women enjoyed more freedoms than most other womenPolygamy was common
13Islamic Civilization The Sciences Section 3: Medicine – studied pharmaceutical drugs and dissectionGeography – astronomy, navigation, maps, astrolabeMathematics – Arabic number system, decimals
14Islamic Civilization The Arts Section 3: Calligraphy, architecture, geometric and floral patternsThe Thousand and One Nights – collection of folktales including “Sinbad the Sailor,” “Aladdin,” and “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves”