Presentation on theme: "Emancipation Proclamation:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Emancipation Proclamation: Document that frees the slaves in the south only
2 EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION Freed all slaves in states in rebellion against the USDid not apply to slaves in border states fighting for USNo affect on southern areas already under US control.War was NOW fought to end slavery.US soldiers were “Freedom Fighters”
3 Over 200,000 freed slaves fought for the US….. BLACK TROOPSBlack troopsOver 200,000 freed slaves fought for the US…..Famous 54th Black Regiment of Massachusetts which was organized by Frederick Douglass…..
4 Impact on Future Conflicts Expanding battlefield due to new technology.Defense is favored.fortification.Beginnings of trend toward dispersal and increased “individual” combat.Shift to Total WarWhole government had to be removed for success.Civil and military “targets”.Sherman’s March to the Sea.Emancipation Proclamation.
5 Why did the North win?In an essay some years ago, Richard Current suggested that "God was on the side of the heaviest battalions," but is that a complete explanation?What other factors contributed to the outcome? Bring together these factors, and, after a careful analysis, determine why the North did win.
6 During the war Lincoln breaks the law! LINCOLN'S "NECESSARY" ACTIONSDuring the war Lincoln breaks the law!Closed “rebel” newspapers: Violated 1st amendment rights of “free speech and press”.
7 LINCOLN'S "NECESSARY" ACTIONS Suspends the writ of habeas corpus: Protects from unfair arrest and trial by jury.Arrested over 15,000 civilians: Without “probable cause”---suspicious “Rebel” sympathizers.Occupation of Baltimore: Controlled by military---- “martial law”
8 Assassination of Lincoln On April 14, 1865, Booth shot President Lincoln while he was watching a play at Ford’s Theater.
16 PRESIDENT ANDREW JOHNSON Lincoln’s 2nd Vice presidentGovernor from confederate TennesseeWas a democrat, southern and unpopular with CongressLincoln chose him as his VP to help with the South’s Reconstruction.Was the wrong man at the wrong time to be president….
17 The rebuilding of the South after the Civil war destroyed it. ReconstructionThe rebuilding of the South after the Civil war destroyed it.
26 Lincoln’s Plan: "With malice toward none, with charity for all." He wanted to reunite the north and south
27 Lincoln/Johnson’s Plan: 10% Plan- Once ten percent of a southern state's 1860 voters had to take an oath of loyalty to rejoin the Union.
28 Radical Republicans:Northerners in Congress who wanted serious changes.Believed the South should be punished for starting the war.
29 Wanted to the see the South punished. RADICAL REPUBLICANSThaddeus StevensCharles SummnerWanted to the see the South punished.Advocated help for Freedmen:Political Voting rightsSocial SchoolsEconomic Equality Land, jobs (40 acres and a mule)Radical Republicans
30 RADICAL REPUBLICANSThaddeus StevensCharles SummnerWould go after President Johnson through the impeachment process after he vetoes the Civil Rights Act of 1866.
31 Radical Republicans: 1.Blacks should vote. (radical idea) 2.Wanted to take rich southerners property3. A majority (50%) of southerners must swear loyalty.
32 2a. How did Lincoln’s plan differ from the Wade-Davis bill? Lincoln’s plan ForgivenessOnly 10% had to pledge loyalty to the union.Wade-Davis Revenge50% had to pledge loyaltyNo men who fought for the confederacy could run for office.
33 Jim Crow Laws:Similar to Black Codes, Jim Crow laws are also known as “Negro Laws” that segregate society or separate society by race.
34 Segregation Separating people of different races in public places. (Jim Crow = segregation laws)
90 Plessy V. FergusonThe Judge ruled that segregation is legal, but “Separate But Equal” Facilities must be provided.
91 SharecroppingA laborer works the land for the farmer who owns in in exchange for a share of the value of the crop.
92 25. SHARECROPPINGSharecroppers were Freedmen and poor Whites who stayed in the South and continued to farm.Freedmen signed a work contract with their former masters .Picked cotton or whatever crop the landowner had.Freedmen did not receive “40 acres and a mule”
94 Advantages Disadvantages SHARECROPPINGAdvantagesPart of a business ventureRaised their social statusReceived 1/3 to 1/2 of crop when harvestedRaised their self esteemDisadvantagesBlacks stay in SouthSome landowners refused to honor the contractBlacks poor and in debtEconomic slaverySharecroppers
95 How did many Freedmen and whites become locked in a cycle of poverty? Sharecroppers bought farm supplies from landowners on credit, then shared the profits.They did not make enough to pay debts and had to keep working for the landowners to repay them.
98 Corrupt BargainvsRutherford B. Hayes Samuel TildenThe election of 1876 and the Compromise of 1877 are referred to as the Corrupt Bargain.Three southern states withhold their electoral votes until Hayes agrees to pull the Union troops out of the South.There is no protection for the Freedmen and the South will regain their states and go back to the way it was.
99 1876 Election *Disputed Electoral votes Tilden did not receive enough electoral votes.Special Commission gives votes to Hayes.Hayes wins the electionDemocrats refuse to recognize Hayes as President**Disputed Electoral votes164369 total electoral votes, need 185 to win.
100 Hayes pulls the troops out of the South. Agreement between Democrats and RepublicansHayes pulls the troops out of the South.Southerners take over their state governments called “REDEEMERS”Successes Freedmen would be lost because Southerners would take over their state governments.Jim Crow laws kept Blacks from voting and becoming equal citizens.Cartoon of Hayes: end of Reconst