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Reconstruction 1865-1877 ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS: WHAT WERE THE MAIN GOALS FOR RECONSTRUCTION? HOW DID LINCOLN’S ASSASSINATION CHANGE THE COURSE OF RECONSTRUCTION?

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Presentation on theme: "Reconstruction 1865-1877 ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS: WHAT WERE THE MAIN GOALS FOR RECONSTRUCTION? HOW DID LINCOLN’S ASSASSINATION CHANGE THE COURSE OF RECONSTRUCTION?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Reconstruction ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS: WHAT WERE THE MAIN GOALS FOR RECONSTRUCTION? HOW DID LINCOLN’S ASSASSINATION CHANGE THE COURSE OF RECONSTRUCTION? WHAT LEGISLATION (LAWS) CHANGES IMPACTED AFRICAN-AMERICANS DURING RECONSTRUCTION? HOW DID LEGISLATION AND RACISM LIMIT FREEDOMS FOR AFRICAN-AMERICANS FOLLOWING THE CIVIL WAR? HOW WAS THE ECONOMIC CLASS STRUCTURE CHANGED BY THE CIVIL WAR IN THE SOUTH? Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tCIg_POrQv8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tCIg_POrQv8

2 Main Goals of Reconstruction  Rejoin all states into the Union  Rebuild the South  Major Questions after Civil War 1. How to re-build the South? 2. How to bring Southern States back into U.S.? 3. How to bring former slaves into U.S. as free men and women?

3 How to bring former Confederate States back into the United States?  Should people who fought against U.S. be allowed back as citizens or punished?  What should be done about southern state governments that fought the U.S.?

4 How to bring former slaves into U.S. as free men and women?  How would freed men and women be treated in the Southern States?  What do you think were some of the major challenges faced by former slaves?

5 Rejoin all states into Union: Lincoln’s Plan (Presidential Reconstruction)  10% Plan  Pardon to all but highest ranking officials  When 10% of 1860 voters take loyalty oath & establish govt. then it would be let back in  No more slavery  This is 1863, war still going on & Lincoln does this without Congress – Lincoln strong President  nd Inaugural Address Lincoln describes plan  Lincoln Assassinated

6 Lincoln Assassinated

7 Lincoln assassinated 4/15/1865  6 days after end of Civil War while watching a play  John Wilkes Booth: assassin, Southerner angry at Lincoln  Vice-President Andrew Johnson became President

8 Rejoin all states: Johnson 10% Plan (Presidential Reconstruction)  Johnson: southerner, so goes easier on south  Grants special pardons  Southern planter class back in control of state governments  Black Codes in south  Angers Radical Republicans

9 Rejoin all states to Union: Radical Republican Plan (Congressional Reconstruction  Believed south need be punished, concern of who going to lead  Wade-Davis Bill  Slavery abolished – note, this bill 1864 & before 13 th Amendment  50% rule: 50% of voters swear oath to union  New State Constitutions written by non-confederate  Southern states governed by northern generals with troops

10 WHAT LEGISLATION (LAWS) CHANGES IMPACTED AFRICAN-AMERICANS DURING RECONSTRUCTION?  13 th Amendment – frees slaves, makes slavery illegal  14 th Amendment – guarantees citizenship to all born or naturalized within the U.S.  state governments could not “deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.”  15 th Amendment – gives voting rights to all males  Angers women cause excludes them from voting  Freedman’s Bureau

11 Freedmen’s Bureau  Lincoln starts March 1865  Assist freed slaves with food, housing, education, legal assistance  Ex. of influence: Howard University  Problems:  Carpetbaggers: northerner, abolitionist go south to help but some take advantage  Scalawags: southerners sympathetic to African Americans

12 40 Acres & a Mule  During Reconstruction, ex-slaves were promised 40 acres of land and a mule.  Unfortunately, the government never came through with their promise.  During the riots in the 1960’s, people were overheard saying, “That’s for my 40 acres and a mule,” as they stole something from a store.  Film maker Spike Lee’s company is called 40 Acres and a Mule.

13 Compromise of 1877  Ends Reconstruction  Southern Democrats accept northern President and Federal troops leave south.  Rutherford B. Hayes now President  Southern conservatives back in power in south  Slave owners back in power

14 HOW DID LEGISLATION AND RACISM LIMIT FREEDOMS FOR AFRICAN-AMERICANS FOLLOWING THE CIVIL WAR?  Black Codes: laws passed by Southern states to limit freedom of African Americans.  Put in place during Johnson administration  Ku Klux Klan: whites opposed to African Americans obtaining civil rights, esp. right to vote  Used violence and murder  Voting Restrictions: poll tax, literacy tests, grandfather clause  Jim Crow Laws

15 Jim Crow Laws- laws that forced segregation  Segregation: the legal separation of people of color in public places  Separate hotels, rail cars, schools, libraries, parks, bathrooms  Sit in separate parts of theaters and in restaurants  Plessy v. Ferguson: Supreme Court rules segregation legal  Fair as long as “separate-but-equal” facilities provided

16 HOW WAS THE ECONOMIC CLASS STRUCTURE CHANGED BY THE CIVIL WAR IN THE SOUTH?  Civil War eliminates slavery and destroys economy  Whites needed someone to work the land and African Americans needed to work  Sharecropping & Tenant Farming: blacks give crops, or cash for use of former masters land  Debt: in either case African Americans become indebted to former masters  Kept former slaves at lower economic status  Slavery by another name

17 Potential videos to use  American Experience-The Second Civil War-Reconstruction (PBS)  Stop at 3:00  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tCIg_POrQv8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tCIg_POrQv8

18 Reconstruction Major Goals of Reconstructions: Lincoln’s Plan (presidential reconstruction) Johnson Plan (presidential reconstruction): Lincoln Assassinated: Radical Republican Plan (Congressional Recon): Essential Questions: What were the main goals for Reconstruction? How did Lincoln’s assassination change the course of Reconstruction? What legislation (laws) changes impacted African-Americans during Reconstruction? How did legislation and racism limit freedoms for African-Americans following the Civil War? How was the economic class structure changed by the Civil War in the South?

19 Reconstruction Freedmen's Bureau: 40 Acres & A Mule How was economic class structure changed by Civil War? Jim Crow Laws: Legislation Impacting African Ams. During Reconstruction: Compromise of 1877:


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