2USE A question tag is a short question at the end of a statement: He won the prize, didn’t he?question tagWe use question tags when we want to check if information is correct.
3FORM 1. Use question tags at the end of a sentence: He won the prize, didn’t he?question tag
4FORM 2.a. NEGATIVE QUESTION TAG: 2.b. POSITIVE QUESTION TAG: If the sentence is positive, the question tag is negative:You have seen that film, haven’t you?+ -2.b. POSITIVE QUESTION TAG:If the sentence is negative, the question tag is positive:You haven’t seen that film, have you?If the sentence contains a negative word (never, hardly…) the question tag is positive:Ann never goes anywhere, does she?
5FORM 3. Questions tags consist of … AUXILIARY VERB + PRONOUN: I shouldn’t laugh, should I?Sarah was winning, wasn’t she?We use the auxiliary verb that is used in the previous sentence. If there is no auxiliary verb, se use “do/does” (present tense) and “did” (past tense):You live near here, don’t you?You turned left, didn’t you?The pronoun refers to the subject of the previous sentence.
6FORM 4. Some verbs form question tags differently: I am aren’t I? I’m helpful, aren’t I?There is isn’t there?There is a chemist’s near here, isn’t there?There are aren’t there?There are many shops in the area, aren’t there?This is / That is isn’t it?That’s your wife over there, isn’t it?
7FORM 5. When we answer question tags, we often use short answers: A: You are French, aren’t you?B: Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. SHORT ANSWERSA: She’s got a dog, hasn’t she?B: Yes, she has. / No, she hasn’t. SHORT ANSWERSA: You smoke, don’t you?B: Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. SHORT ANSWERS
8FORM6. Intonation:When we are sure of the answer, the voice goes down in the question tag:John doesn’t like gold, does he?The speaker knows John doesn’t like gold.When we are not sure of the answer, the voice goes up:They left for Milan, didn’t they? The speaker doesn’t know if they left for Milan or not.
9I hope you have understood how to use question tags.