21. I’m learning Chinese.2. You’ve walked across the Amazon jungle.3. It has meant that I can finance my next expedition.4. My mum and dad always watch my documentaries.5. My agent is waiting for me.6. I’ve always loved travelling.7. I don’t like going with groups.
3Answers 1. I’m learning Chinese. – Present Continuous 2. You’ve walked across the Amazon jungle. – Present Perfect3. It has meant that I can finance my next expedition. – Present Perfect4. My mum and dad always watch my documentaries. – Present Simple5. My agent is waiting for me. – Present Continuous6. I’ve always loved travelling. – Present Perfect7. I don’t like going with groups. - Present Simple
4Present Simple I live in Belgrade. You live in Belgrade. He/She/It lives in Belgrade.We live in Belgrade.You live in Belgrade.They live in Belgrade.
5Present Simple - questions Do I live in Belgrade?Do you live in Belgrade?Does he/she/it live in Belgrade?Do we live in Belgrade?Do you live in Belgrade?Do they live in Belgrade?
6Present Simple - negative I don’t live in Belgrade.You don’t live in Belgrade.He/she /it doesn’t live in Belgrade.We don’t live in Belgrade.You don’t live in Belgrade.They don’t live in Belgrade.
7We use the Present Simple to talk about: Activities that we repeat regularly (routines, habits).My mum and dad always watch my documentaries.Permanent situations and states.I don’t like cheese.General truthsA doctor works in a hospital.Common time adverbials:always, often, usually, sometimes, neverevery day, every week, every year ...twice a week, once a monthregularly, seldom, hardly ever, occasionally
8Spelling Y is lost in verbs ending in consonant +y: fly – flies study – studiesWe use –es with verbs ending in -s, -z, -sh, - ch, -s, -x:watches, teaches, washes, fixes...-es where you wouldn’t normally expect itdoesgoes
9Present Continuous I am watching TV. You are watching TV. He/she/it is watching TV.We are watching TV.You are watching TV.They are watching TV.
10Present Continuous - questions Am I watching TV?Are you watching TV?Is he/she/it watching TV?Are we watching TV?Are you watching TV?Are they watching TV?
11Present Continuous - negative I am not watching TV.You are not watching TV.He/she/it is not watching TV.We are not watching TV.You are not watching TV.They are not watching TV.
12We use the Present Continuous to talk about: Activities that are going on at the time of speaking.Right now, I am giving a lecture and you are listening.Activities that happen regularly but only for a limited period of time (temporary routines and habits).I’m studying English a lot these days because we are having a test next week.Common time adverbials:now, at the moment, at present, these days
13Spelling Verbs ending in –e lose the final -e when –ing is added. phone – phoningmake – makingchange – changingShort verbs ending in one vowel + one consonant double the last consonant.sit – sittingcut – cuttingswim – swimmingVerbs ending in –ie:lie – lyingtie – tying
14Present Perfect: have/has +3rd column I have done the homework.You have done the homework.He/she/it has done the homework.We have done the homework.You have done the homework.They have done the homework.
15Present Perfect - Questions Have I done the homework?Have you done the homework?Has he/she/it done the homework?Have we done the homework?Have you done the homework?Have they done the homework?
16Present Perfect - negative I have not done the homework.You have not done the homework.He/she/it has not done the homework.We have not done the homework.You have not done the homework.They have not done the homework.
17We use the Present Perfect to talk about: Past events and activities with results or consequences in the present.I’ve lost my keys and now I can’t open the door.An action in the past when we don’t know or are not interested in when it happened. (to talk about experience)I’ve been to China.Things that started in the past and continue up till now.I’ve always wanted to travel.Common time adverbials:never, ever, since, for, already, yet, all my life, always
18The use and meanings of time adverbials already and yetWe use already in statements and yet in questions and negative sentences.I’ve already seen that film.I haven’t finished yet.since and forSince tells us about a point in time when the activity began.We’ve been friends sinceFor tells us about the period of time that the activity has taken.We’ve been friends for five years.
20Matching task - answers 1. I’m learning Chinese. – activities that happen regularly but only for a limited period of time around the present2. You’ve walked across the Amazon jungle. – events that happened in the past but it doesn’t matter when3. It has meant that I can finance my next expedition. – past events that have clear results in the present4. My mum and dad always watch my documentaries. – activities that happen regularly5. My agent is waiting for me. – activities going on at this moment6. I’ve always loved travelling. - things that started in the past and continue up till now7. I don’t like going with groups. – permanent situations or states
21Revision Give a wider context for each of the sentences below. I write s.I’m writing an .I’ve written an .
22Now choose a verb and write similar examples of your own.