Presentation on theme: "all about the PRESENT SIMPLE rules tables exercises"— Presentation transcript:
1all about the PRESENT SIMPLE rules tables exercises
2In general, we add -S in the third person (he/she/it). affirmativeWe form the present tense using the base form of the infinitive (without the TO).In general, we add -S in the third person (he/she/it).Verb TO DRINKI drinkYou drinkHe drinksShe drinksIt drinksWe drinkThey drinkVerb TO LISTENI listenYou listenHe listensShe listensIt listensWe listenThey listenVerb TO WORKI workYou workHe worksShe worksIt worksWe workThey work
3affirmative I go You go He goes She goes It goes We go They go I wash For verbs that end in -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z we add -ES in the third person.Verb TO GOI goYou goHe goesShe goesIt goesWe goThey goVerb TO WASHI washYou washHe washesShe washesIt washesWe washThey washVerb TO KISSI kissYou kissHe kissesShe kissesIt kissesWe kissThey kiss
4affirmative stud study studies plays play I study You study He studies For verbs that end in a consonant + Y, we remove the Y and add -IES.NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y, we just add -S.Verb TO STUDYI studyYou studyHe studiesShe studiesIt studiesWe studyThey studyVerb TO PLAYI playYou playHe playsShe playsIt playsWe playThey playstudstudystudiesbut notice:playsplay
5affirmative exercises Think before you click:I ________ (go) to work by car. Fred ________ (go) to work by bus.She ________ (like) chicken.They ________ (get up) at half past seven.Jim ________ (brush) his teeth after breakfast.You ________ (study) in the evening, but Kate ________ (study) at 6.30pm.The boys ________ (play) football in the playground.David ________ (work) on Saturdays.We ________ (have) lunch in the school canteen.Mr. Adams ________ (go) to bed at quarter to eleven.go goeslikesget upbrushesstudy studiesplayworkshavegoes
6To make a negative sentence we need the auxiliary do(es) + not + verb. We normally use the contractions don't (do + not) and doesn't (does + not).Verb TO WORKI don’t workYou don’t workHe doesn’t workShe doesn’t workIt doesn’t workWe don’t workThey don’t workVerb TO GOI don’t goYou don’t goHe doesn’t goShe doesn’t goIt doesn’t goWe don’t goThey don’t goVerb TO STUDYI don’t studyYou don’t studyHe doesn’t studyShe doesn’t studyIt doesn’t studyWe don’t studyThey don’t study
7negative I work in an office. I don’t work in an office. Watch out for the differences between the affirmative and the negative sentences.affirmative negativeI work in an office. I don’t work in an office.You wake up at You don’t wake up at 7.00.He listens to music at night. He doesn’t listen to music at night.She goes to school on foot. She doesn’t go to school on foot.It likes milk It doesn’t like milk.We study in the afternoon We don’t study in the afternoon.You eat apples at lunch. You don’t eat apples at lunch.They have dinner at home. They don’t have dinner at home.As you can see, in the third person (he/she/it), in the negative form,the -s disappears from the verb and goes to the auxiliary: does.aff. He visits his uncle on Saturday.neg. He doesn’t visit his uncle on Saturday.aff. He visits his uncle on Saturday.neg. He doesn’t visit his uncle on Saturday.
8affirmative & negative exercises Think before you click:1. I ________ (go) to school by bus. Blenda ____________ (go) to school by car.She ________ (go) to school by car. Her father ________ (drive) her to school.2. They ____________ (work) in a supermarket. They ________ (work) in a shopping.3. You ________ (like) cherries but you ____________ (like) apples.John ____________ (like) pears but he ________ (like) apples.4. I usually ________ (take) a shower in the morning.My mother sometimes ________ (take) it in the evening.5. I ____________ (have) lunch in the restaurant. I ________ (have) lunch in thecanteen. My sister ________ (have) lunch at home.6. We ____________ (study) at school. We ________ (study) at home.I ________ (study) in my bedroom. Lisa ____________ (study) in the bedroom.She ________ (study) and ________ (do) her homework in the living-room.go doesn’t gogoes drivesdon’t work worklike don’t likedoesn’t like likestaketakesdon’t have havehasdon’t study studystudy doesn’t studystudies does
9To make a question we use the auxiliary do(es) + subject + verb. interrogativeTo make a question we use the auxiliary do(es) + subject + verb.Verb TO WASHDo I wash …?Do you wash …?Does he wash …?Does she wash …?Does it wash …?Do we wash …?Do they wash …?Verb TO READDo I read …?Do you read …?Does he read …?Does she read …?Does it read …?Do we read …?Do they read …?Verb TO HELPDo I help …?Do you help …?Does he help …?Does she help …?Does it help …?Do we help …?Do they help …?
10interrogativeIn questions beginning with do/does we usually give short answers using those words.Here are some examples:Do you get dressed before breakfast? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.Do they have breakfast at eight? Yes, they do. No, they don’t.Does he help his sister? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.Does Helen go to bed late? Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.Do the boys study a lot? Yes, they do. No, they don’t.Does Susan’s father work in London? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.Do her friends play football? Yes, they do. No, they don’t.
11interrogative exercises Think before you click:1. _______ you _______ (wake up) before seven o’clock? No, I ________.2. _______ she _______ (have) a bath in the evening? Yes, she ________.3. _______ Sofia’s cousins _______ (live) in Lisboa? Yes, they ________.4. _______ your grandmother _______ (help) you with the homework?No, she ________.Do wake up don’tDoes have doesDo live doDoes helpdoesn’tFill in all the blanks:1. _______ Ann and Kate _______ (watch) TV before dinner? No, ______ ________.2. _______ John _______ (do) his homework? Yes, ______ ________.3. _______ John’s parents _______ (get up) early? _____, ______ do.4. _______ Jane’s brother _______ (set) the table? _____, ______ doesn’t.Do watch they don’tDoes do he doesDo get up yes theyDoes set No he
12affirmative negative interrogative exercises Think before you click:1. I ________ (comb) my hair every day. _______ you ________ (brush) your teeth?Yes, I _______. But I ____________ (comb) my hair every day.2. Cindy ____________ (go) to bed after dinner. She usually ________ (go) to bed atWhat time _______ you ________ (go) to bed?3. My father sometimes ________ (play) chess with me. He ____________ (like)playing cards. _______ your father ________ (play) cards? Yes, he _______.4. My parents ____________ (have) breakfast at home. They ________ (drink)a coffee at work. My sister ________ (have) cereals for brekfast.5. He ________ (study) a lot for the tests. _______ Amy usually ________ (study)?No, she _______.6. Where _______ Kevin ________ (watch) TV? He ________ (watch) TV in the kitchen.7. We often ________ (ride) our bikes in the park, but we ____________ (play) football.comb Do brushdo don’t combdoesn’t go goesdo goplays doesn’t likeDoes play doesdon’t have drinkhasstudies Does studydoesn’tdoes watch watchesride don’t play
13Remember that we use the present tense: 1. For repeated or regular actions in the present time period.I go to school by bus.John has dinner at home.2. For habits/routines.I usually get up early.Susan always brushes her teeth twice a day.They take a shower before dinner.3. For facts.A cat has four legs.4. For things that are always/generally true.It rains a lot in winter.