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Present Simple Tense Unit 1 – Grade 12 – Advanced Version.

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1 Present Simple Tense Unit 1 – Grade 12 – Advanced Version

2 Present Simple Tense: Exercise Sure you know all about the Present Simple Tense? Try this exercise: Choose the correct word or phrase in each sentence. 1. That must be the end of the first part of the performance. What happens/ happening now? 2. What’s the matter? Why do you look/ are you looking at me like that? 3. To be honest, I am doubting/ doubt whether Jim will be here next week. 4. Pay no attention to Graham. He is just being/ is sarcastic. Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh2 Back home

3 Contents ExerciseExercise KeySpelling RulesPresent Simple vs. Present ContinuousOther Uses of Present Simple Tense 3Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh

4 Present Simple Tense: Exercise Here is the key : 1. That must be the end of the first part of the performance. What happens / happening now? 2. What’s the matter? Why do you look/ are you looking at me like that? 3. To be honest, I am doubting/ doubt whether Jim will be here next week. 4. Pay no attention to Graham. He is just being / is sarcastic. Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh4 Back home

5 Present Simple Tense: Spelling Rules Look at the examples of third person singular forms and answer the questions. Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh5 Catches, cooks, does, eats, enjoys, fixes, flies, goes, lives, makes, misses, passes, plays, pushes, reads, replies, says, shops, smokes, speaks, stands, teaches, thinks, tries, waits, washes, works. Back home

6 Present Simple Tense: Spelling Rules 1. What is the most common way of making the third person singular? 2. What happens with words ending in vowel + -y ? 3. What happens with words ending in consonant + -y ? 4. After which consonants and groups of consonants do we add –es ? Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh6 Back home

7 Present Simple Tense: Spelling Rules 1. What is the most common way of making the third person singular?  By adding –s. 2. What happens with words ending in vowel + -y ?  We add –s. Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh7 Back home

8 Present Simple Tense: Spelling Rules 3. What happens with words ending in consonant + -y ?  We change –y to –ies. 4. After which consonants and groups of consonants do we add –es ?  s, z, x, ch, sh.  Exceptions: have  has; go  goes; do  does. Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh8 Back home

9 Present Simple Tense: Spelling Rules Write the third person singular of these verbs: Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh9 Box, brush, buy, complete, cry, defend, deny, destroy, excite, expect, fry, guess, look, pray, reach, receive, rush, spend, want, watch. Back home

10 Present Simple vs. Present Continuous Present Simple Facts that are always true E.g. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. Habits E.g. British people drink a lot of tea States E.g. I don’t like gangster films. Present Continuous Temporary actions E.g. I’m staying in a hotel until I find a flat. Actions that are actually in progress E.g. The dog is sleeping on our bed. Actions in progress but not actually happening at the moment E.g. I’m learning to drive. Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh10 Back home

11 Present Simple vs. Present Continuous State Verbs Some verbs are not normally used in progressive form. They are state verbs which describe a continuing state: Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh11 Back home Believe, belong, consist, contain, doubt, fit, have, know, like, love, matter, mean, need, own, prefer, seem, suppose, suspect, understand, want, wish

12 Compare: Present Simple vs. Present Continuous State Verbs Some verbs have a stative meaning and a different active meaning. Typical examples are: Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh12 Back home Be, depend, feel, have, measure, see, taste, think, weigh STATEEVENT Jack is noisy.Jill is being noisy. David has a Porsche.We are having an interesting conversation! I think I like you!David is thinking about getting a new job. This fish tastes awfulI am just tasting the soup.

13 Put each verb in brackets into the present simple tense or present continuous: 1. I _____ (hear) that you have been promoted. Congratulations! 2. I hope Sarah will be here soon. I _____ (depend) on her. 3. Please be quiet, Dave. You _____ (forever/ interrupt). 4. Hey, you! What _____ (you/ think) you’re doing? 5. Jane is away on holiday so Linda ____ (handle) her work. Present Simple vs. Present Continuous State Verbs Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh13 Back home

14 Here is the key: 1. I hear that you have been promoted. Congratulations! 2. I hope Sarah will be here soon. I am depending on her. 3. Please be quiet, Dave. You are forever interrupting. 4. Hey, you! What do you think you’re doing? 5. Jane is away on holiday so Linda is handling her work. Present Simple vs. Present Continuous State Verbs Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh14 Back home

15 Other Uses of Present Simple UsesExamples Making declarationsI hope you’ll come to my party. I bet you don’t know the answer. HeadlinesShip sinks in midnight collision. InstructionsFirst you roll out the pastry. Itineraries (descriptions of travel arrangement) On day three we visit Stratford-upon- Avon. Summaries of eventsMay 1945: The war in Europe comes to an end. In narrative and funny stories…So then the second man asks the first one why he has a banana in his ear and the first one says… Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh15 Back home

16 The end Phuong Tam - Nhu Quynh - Mai Trinh16


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