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Section 3:The Simple Present

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1 Section 3:The Simple Present
By: Areej Dawoud

2 Examples I play tennis every day. The sun rises from the east.
The train leaves at 6 PM. They like apples. The simple present is a verb. It has only two forms: the simple form without an –s (sleep). the simple form + s (sleeps) with third person singular subjects.

3 Forming the simple present
Verb Subject He I Works She Work You It We They

4 Usages of the simple present
USE 1 Repeated Actions Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. E.g. She walks to school.

5 Usages of the simple present
USE 2 Facts or Generalizations The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is used to make generalizations about people or things. E.g. Cats like milk.

6 Usages of the simple present
USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well. E.g. The party starts at 8 o’clock.

7 Adverbs of frequency Examples
I always brush my teeth before I go to bed. Ann usually has toast for breakfast. Mr. Smith often goes to the park with his dog. We sometimes see Susan down at the shops. They rarely smoke cigars. He never works on the weekend.

8 Adverbs of frequency

9 Adverbs of frequency Adverbs of frequency tell us how many times something happens. Always = every day Usually = happens most days Often = many times Sometimes= at particular occasions but not all the time Rarely = it is not common Never = not at any time or not on any occasion Adverbs of frequency come between the subject and the main verb. Simple present Adv. Of frequency Subject my homework do always I

10 Adverbs of frequency with to be
Examples Tom is usually very friendly. Ramon and Frank are often hungry. Ted is rarely late. We put adverbs of frequency after the verb to be (is / are). Adverb of frequency Simple present to be subject nice always is Peter

11 3.4 spelling of final -s & -es
Pronunciation Examples Spelling Verb /s/ He likes coffee.. It sleeps. +s The verb ends in the sounds /f/, /k/, /p/, /t/ /z/ He swims. She reads. ends in the sounds /b/, /d/, /g/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /v/ or in a vowel /iz/ She watches TV. It finishes at 10 p.m. +es ends in /ch/, /sh/, /s/, /x/, /z/. He worries a lot. Drop y, add -ies ends con. + y She stays at home. ends in a vowel+ y

12 3.5 Irregular verbs has a problem. He She It I have a job.
does the work. I do the work. goes outside. I go to work.

13 3.6 have (got) & has (got) We use have (got) & has (got):
For things we possess or own. I have got a car. To describe people, places, animals, and things. She has (got) black hair. For our families and people we know. I have (got) a son. With some expressions like the following: have got (a cold, the flu, temperature, headache, toothache, a problem)

14 3.6 have (got) & has (got) Singular have (got) I, you a book has (got)
He, she, it Plural books. You, we, they

15 3.8 The simple present: yes / no
We use do or does to make questions in the simple present. We always use the base form after do and does. Neg. Affirm. Base v. subject do/does No, they don’t We don’t Yes, I do. You do. Work? I, we, you, they Do No, it doesn’t Yes, he does He, she, it Does

16 The simple present:wh- questions
Where does he live? What do they do? We put question words (what, where, when, why, who,…) before do or does. Frequency adverbs comes after the subject in the question. When do you usually get up?

17 4.1 The present continuous
We form the present continuous with the present of verb to be (am, is, are) and the base verb + ing. Base v. + ing To be subject am I working is He, she, it are They, we, you

18 4.2 The spelling of verbs ending in -ing
example Rule Verb ending dancing coming dance, come Drop the e, add -ing Consonant + e fitting showing fixing saying sit show fix say Double the con., add –ing Do not double the con. 1 vowel + consonant Verbs end in w, x, y eating sleeping eat sleep Do not double, add -ing 2 vowels + 1 con. talking reading talk read Add -ing All other verbs

19 4.3 The present continuous negative
To form the negative of the present continuous, we use not after the verb to be and the verb with –ing. He is not working. You are not sleeping.

20 4.4 The present continuous: yes/ no questions
Base v. + ing subject To be I Am Working? he, she, it Is you, we, they Are

21 4.5 The present continuous: wh- questions
Where, What, Why, When, How, Who I am drinking tea. What am I drinking?

22 4.6 Verbs not used in the present continuous
Non action verbs (describe a state or condition): Believe hate have hear know like remember think see smell taste think understand want Julia has a car. Julia is having a cup of tea.

23 Conclusion The simple present has two forms.
Adverbs of frequency usually come with the simple present between the subject and the verb. Adverbs of frequency come after verb to be.

24 To practice more

25 Thank you

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