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Medieval Government, Laws and Punishment By:Shayla Heffner Period: 5/6.

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Presentation on theme: "Medieval Government, Laws and Punishment By:Shayla Heffner Period: 5/6."— Presentation transcript:

1 Medieval Government, Laws and Punishment By:Shayla Heffner Period: 5/6

2 Ordeals by Trial Drinking poison Take supplies out from boiling oil Walk over burning ploughs Hold hot pieces of iron for a certain amount of time Test of blisters and infections “The Rack” -A frame with rollers, tied hands and legs to roller to stretch the body. “The Cage” -Hangs from the ceiling and tests how long you can go without food or water. “The Scavengers Daughter” - Rollers, which compress the body. “The Iron Maiden” -A box with spikes which you lay down on. “Bastinado” -A whip which hits the soles of your feet.

3 Feudalism A time of disorder A way for kings and nobles to hold onto land Kings sat at top of feudal society Feudal society was highly structured Feudalism created new political structure in Europe European and Japanese feudal system developed as a result of week central governments Government and land owners relied upon professionally trained soldiers for protection European soldiers called knights Japanese soldiers called samurai Europe and Japan had strong military leaders which helped government from attacks

4 Economy Europe was a series of kingdoms and lands Very little trade of commercial interaction Nobles lands called manor Serfs or peasants lived and worked in manor Farming formed economic basic of manor system Serfs were considered part of the property Manor supplied residents with most stuff needed Woodworking, farming, and wine making took place on manors Coins were hammered with punches to make patterns Few people ever left their property for safety reasons

5 Torture Devices Impalement-A pole with a sharp tip pushed through the body Judas Cradle-A hole in the body is stretched until flesh is ripped Coffin Torture-Metal cage “pecked at by birds’’ Pear of Anguish-Dislocates the jaw The Rack-Dislocates every joint in the body Breaking Wheel-Renders the victims limb Saw Torture-Cuts victim in half Head Crusher-Compresses skull, shatters teeth, and take the eyes out Knee Splitter-Cuts the knees and other limbs

6 Class Structure Four main classes: Lord, lady, knight, and the serfs A person had to be born into particular classes No way to move up in classes The lord was ruler and lived in castles with his lady The Castle was home and fortress to protect entire feudal state and to protect the government Knights were members of feudal army Knights only job was to protect the feudal state and the lord and lady who served it Serfs were made up most of the feudal states Serfs were farmers who owed the lord and his lady a portion of what they produced Serfs were protected by the lord and the ladies knights

7 Courts and Justice System Court hearings were much faster then trials today Each towns church ran its own court Church courts invested everything from bad attendance to heresy Churches were place where criminals could avoid sentencing and punishment Minor criminals were given three strikes then banished from the city Capitol punishments were most serious cases Beheading considered privileged way to dye Most trials lasted less than half- an-hour Villagers reported when they had been wronged Prisons used for those waiting trial and for criminals waiting execution

8 Medieval Dungeons Vaulted sellers below the town were a few steps away from market square Dungeons were used for prisoners awaiting trial and evicted criminals waiting for execution “Normal Cells” were for prisoners waiting trials “Stock Cells” for hardened prisoners “Punishment Cells” for arsonists and slanderers Prisons also had torture chambers Hang man rooms for last meal before execution Torture chambers called Chapel because of shape Some prisons had blacksmith workshops to manufacture arm and wrist restraint Torture chambers where prisoners were tortured until confession

9 Church Courts Churches and government ruled together Priests appointed by local lords Lords expected priests to follow orders Church priests and rulers were connected by having to follow orders Church could only judge Nuns, Monks, Clerks, Deacons, Priests, and Bishops Did not give heavy sentences Couldn’t kill anyone All cases said to be checked by god Made laws more fair then regular courts Helped common people in court

10 Dangers to the State and Government Attacks from neighboring places Knights turned against lords Peasants becoming angered by courts and laws Arguments among Popes, Bishops, and Kings Church leaders gave sermons saying, “The King is bad” Lords and other nobles stopped supporting kings Diseases and famine Stealing and other criminal activity Rats and other disease spreading animals Poor healthcare

11 Medieval Japan Samurai warriors became rulers of land Rise of samurai occurs as the political power falls from court nobles to warrior families Emperor and court remained in position but had no power The supreme military leader is Shogun Shogun government called Bakafu (tent government) Daimyo emerges during this time Daimyo build castles and established towns protected by samurai With so much warfare Daimyo jobs were to reunify which helped the government grow stronger Samurai’s value of service was to lord and to be loyalty So much war so people turned to religion

12 Works Cited D'Silva, Roy. "Medieval Tortures." Medieval Punishment and Torture Devices. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May Littell, McDougal. World History;Medieval and Early Modern Times. Evanston,IL: n.p., Print. Littell, McDougal. World History;Medieval and Early Modern Times. Evanston,IL: n.p., Print. Morton, David. Medieval Torture Devices. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May Medieval Citizens. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May

13 Works Cited Church Courts. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May Macdonald, Fiona. How would you survive in the middle ages? New York: Franklin Watts, Print. "Medieval Japan; " Columbia University,East Asian Curriculum Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May " ". N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May Medieval Dungeons. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May

14 Get Ready For the Quiz

15 The Quiz 1.One thing people had to do in ordeal by trial was to drink poison. -True or False 2.Japanese soldiers who helped protect the government were called… 3.What were nobles land called? 4.Name three types of torture devices? 5.It was easy to move up in social and government classes. -True or False

16 The Quiz 6.Capitol punishments were… A.Vacation B.A good Job C.most serious crimes 7.Hang man rooms were for… 8.Church courts… A.Were for basketball B.Gave heavier punishments C.Couldn’t kill 9.Attacks from neighboring places were dangerous to the government. -True or False 10.Samurai Warriors became rulers of the…

17 Answers to Quiz 1.True 2.Samurai 3.Manor 4.Different answers: Impalement, Judas Cradle, Coffin Torture, Pear of Anguish,The Rack, breaking Wheel, Saw Torture, Head Torture, Knee Splitter 5.It was easy to move up in social classes.

18 6.Capitol punishments were A.Vacation B.Not the worst crimes C.most serious crimes 7.Last meal before execution 8.Church courts A.for basketball B.gave heavier punishments C.Couldn’t kill 9.True 10.Land

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