Presentation on theme: "POP QUIZ 1) What was the basis of all wealth? 2) Name 2 differences between a serf and a freeholder (1 ex.-serf: 2 ex.-serf: 3 ex.-freeholder: 4 ex.-freeholder)"— Presentation transcript:
POP QUIZ 1) What was the basis of all wealth? 2) Name 2 differences between a serf and a freeholder (1 ex.-serf: 2 ex.-serf: 3 ex.-freeholder: 4 ex.-freeholder) 3) What is a feudal contract? (be specific/explain) 4) Draw the social structure pyramid of medieval life. 5) Who created the feudal system? 6) When taking an oath of loyalty, what obligations does a noble have to provide for the king? Name 3 (in return for land what does a noble do for the king?)
Learning Outcomes What is trial by ordeal and trial by battle? How did the people know if a person on trial was guilty or innocent? What different types of courts were there? What similarities/differences can we see between the Canadian law system and Medieval law? Have we adapted anything from Medieval times?
Is a Person Innocent? Trial By Ordeal Several varieties to see if a person was innocent Swallow poison Pull an object from burning hot oil Walk over 9 red hot ploughs Carry a piece of red hot iron for a certain distance If the burn was infected-the person is guilty Trial By Battle Two nobles would fight Often it was a fight to the death Only noblemen had a right to trial by battle If a noble woman was prosecuted, she would choose a nobleman to fight on her behalf.
A person that lived through or was not injured in the trial was innocent because...
GOD PROTECTED THEM! God would help innocent people Expose people to danger to see if God will protect them
Manor CourtsRoyal courtsChurch Courts -Law disputes having to deal with... -Farming -Property -Suing cases -Assault charges -Theft -Drunkenness -small crimes -Village meeting -Jury -Murder -Treason -Rape -Burglary -Poaching -Common law -Could order execution -judged bishops, priests, monks, nuns -lighter sentences -No death penalty -Literacy test -education as a sentence
Medieval Court System - Manor, Royal and Church - Trial by ordeal and battle - Trial by compurgators - Guilty until proven innocent - Proven innocent by God - Social hierarchy played key role - Death penalty Canadian Court System - Innocent until proven guilty - Supreme, federal and provincial - overlapping case subjects between courts - Judge -Representation/Lawyers - Prison/ community service sentences - trial by jury -Multiple courts -Swear oath on bible -Protects society - MAGNA CARTA