Presentation on theme: "Time Period between 500-1500AD Medieval Times Time Period between 500-1500AD."— Presentation transcript:
1 Time Period between 500-1500AD Medieval TimesTime Period betweenAD
2 I. Feudalism- 500 –1500Contractual system of government with obligations and protections betweenlords and vassalsduring the middle ages.
3 a. What happened?The Barbarians raided the Roman Empire and attacked the weak and defenselessThe weak needed protection from the strongKings did not command a strong central government like that of Roman Emperors(Because of these chaotic conditionsFeudalism was born)
4 b. How does it work? King granted land to a person King known as a lordPerson that receives the land known as a VassalLand that is given is known as a FiefLord gave the Vassal >Land & ProtectionVassal gave the Lord…1. Loyalty and military service2. Attends lord’s court and gives advice3. Payments of Knighting of Lord’s son, daughter’s dowry4. Ransom if Lord is kidnapped5. Lodging when Lord travels6. Relief- one time payment for the land
5 Any other Buzz words? Homage> ceremony of getting land Knights > trained warriors who fought on horseback with swords and lances during the middle agesVassals got knights by promising parts of his own fiefPeasants > 2 types- needed protection and the Vassals say you must work for the protectionFreemen- owned or rented the landSerfs- not free to leave, but could notbe sold
6 c. Life on the ManorManors were large farms or estates on the fief. They were fortified farms and the economy was based on Agriculture.Peasants works 3 days a week for the protection. The other 3 days a peasant would work for himself & the seventh day Church.CBA
7 d. Castles Built of stone (at first built of wood) Built on hill if not, needed a moatMoat: deep water filled ditchDesigned for protection not comfortDrafty, dirty, damp, dim, coldSmall windows, little sunlightHeavy metal gate that protected the heavy wooden doorDungeons
9 e. The end of Feudalism1348 Black Death---Not enough people after the plague, serfs now can find employmentRise of Towns----Serfs now have a place to goBarbarian attacks endedAgricultural advancements made more food (better plow)Improved horse collar & invention of horseshoe led to more efficient use of animals in farming
10 II. Knighthood a. How do you become one? Fought in the armies of the king and protected the peasants who lived and worked on the land>>In exchange, the peasants gave the knight their service and produce.a. How do you become one?Usually the first born son of noble birth was trained for knighthoodAround 10: Page -helped the ladies of the castle & trained for warTeen years: Squire –polished armor, cared for horses, carried swords (weapons) and shields for the tournaments into battle.Knight: perform a heroic deed in battle
11 b. Code of ChivalryIt was the code of honor knights followed. It set the standard for bravery and manners for Medieval Knights.Women would not fall in love with a man unless he proved himself three times on the battlefield.Knight is not allowed to use his strength against someone that is weaker then himself.Do not attack an enemy unless he has a weapon and is facing you. (No sneaking up)Knight only fought for lord or lady—not to show your strengthLead a morale life and well-dressed life, politeHighest ideals of romance (writing, poetry, singing, love songs, and playing musical instruments)
12 C. ArmorArmor completely covered the knight’s face and body. They all looked a like. Each knight chose “Arms”- unique colored pattern or picture, which everyone recognized, called a “coat of arms.”Chose pattern that remained on the family and was passed on.Even the thickest armor (up to 70lbs) could not stop a bullet.Helmet was the first piece of armor made.Mail> mesh of inter linked metal rings.