The Middle Ages or Medieval Europe or The Dark Ages Life After the Roman Empire 500 – 1500 AD
Geography A. Geography 1. All of Europe divided up into smaller towns and manors
Geography castle in France castle ruins in Europe
Religion B. Religion 1.Christianity a. Roman Catholic Church 1. was the political power in Europe 2. had its own military
The Clergy Members: Religion Pope – leader of the Catholic Church Archbishop – oversees the bishops Bishop – governs many churches Priest – delivers sacraments to locals Monk/Nun – copied the Bible & educated children of the wealthy
Achievements The Magna Carta issued in 1214 issued in 1214 by King John of England by King John of England effect: Founded the parliament which is the law making body effect: Founded the parliament which is the law making body limited the king’s powers and gave citizens rights limited the king’s powers and gave citizens rights
The Magna Carta is the root to our Bill of Rights
Political System D. Political System 1. Monarchy a. king/queen 2. Feudal System a. the king gave land to nobles and in return the nobles will work the land and the knights will give military service b. peasants (serfs) were given protection for working the land
Economic System centers for trade and manufacturing where people made business deals E. Economic System farm that was owned by a Lord and worked by the serfs and nobles The Town The Manor Vs.
Economic System The Manor – small area in which they lived
Economic System guilds workers’ organizations that controlled cloth making, boat building and brewing
Social System Most people during the Middle Ages were not kings, warriors, traders, or explorers ---- they were FARMERS.
Social System Feudalism political and economic system where nobles swore loyalty the lord (owner of land) and the knight defended it in exchange for their own land.
Social System F. Social Structure 1. kings – leader of the empire 2. lords/nobles – lord gives land to noble so he could farm 3. knights – defends the lord’s land 4. peasants/serfs – poor slaves who worked the land (manor) for survival
Social System LORD/NOBLE KING KNIGHT SERF This is how it kind of looked
Medieval Torture boiling cutting roasting tongue removal drowning blinding branding and burning ripping apart the body choking disfigurement ripping out teeth and nails beating bone breaking mutilation OUTCH