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THE ROAD TO WAR. Hitler’s Completes his Rise  1933 Reichstag Fire: Germany Parliament burned down by ???  Using emergency constitutional powers, Hitler.

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Presentation on theme: "THE ROAD TO WAR. Hitler’s Completes his Rise  1933 Reichstag Fire: Germany Parliament burned down by ???  Using emergency constitutional powers, Hitler."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE ROAD TO WAR

2 Hitler’s Completes his Rise  1933 Reichstag Fire: Germany Parliament burned down by ???  Using emergency constitutional powers, Hitler issues “Decree for the Protection of the German People ” suspending civil rights and banning communist political parties.  Sound familiar????  Political opponents are arrested.  1934 Night of the Long Knives  Hitler purges his party of any potential opponents, including many of the “brownshirts” who brought him to power.

3 Appeasement

4 Logic  Neville Chamberlain  GER is behaving naturally.  Hitler is only putting on a show for the public.  Hitler repeatedly expressed interest for peace agreement with Britain.  Common saying “Better Hitlerism than Communism“

5 Poker Anyone?

6 Rearmament  Began in secret  1935 Hitler introduces conscription  Anglo-German Naval Agreement negotiated in secret (limiting GER to 35% the strength of British navy)  "My good friends, for the second time in our history, a British Prime Minister has returned from Germany bringing peace with honour. I believe it is peace for our time...Go home and get a nice quiet sleep.“ (Chamberlain)

7 German Buildup  Army 100,000  Warships 30  Aircraft 36  Army 950,000  Warships 95  Aircraft 8,250  Capture of Czech arms industry a big boost

8 Rhineland 1936  “Only going into their own back garden”  Rhineland (Rhine River) key defensive buffer between GER and FRA.  GER not allowed to station troops within 50km of River.  Rich in coal and other resources.

9 Austria – March 1938  Rise of pro-Nazi movement forces Austrian Chancellor to allow greater German influence.  Hitler threatens annexation and Chancellor schedules a plebecite on “Anschluss” question  Pressure from Nazi sympathizers force cancellation of plebecite and resignation of chancellor.  German troops capture Austria and hold their own plebecite  Unsurprisingly results are 99.7% in favour of joining Germany  Sound familiar *cough *cough Putin

10 Czechoslovakia – September 1938  Munich Agreement  3 Million Ethnic Germans  70% of Czech coal, steel and electrical power  “Imperial Conference” Canada and others made it clear they would not support a war over Czechloslovakia  “It was a hard decision for anyone who loved his country to take, but to accuse us of having by that advice betrayed the Czechoslovakian State is simply preposterous. What we did was to save her from annihilation and give her a chance of new life as a new State, which involves the loss of territory and fortifications, but may perhaps enable her to enjoy in the future and develop a national existence under a neutrality and security comparable to that which we see in Switzerland to-day. ” (Chamberlain)

11

12 Ducks in a row  Anti-Comintern Pact 1936 (GER+JAP)  Italy joins 1937  Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact August 23, 1939  Secret agreement to divide Poland Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland

13 Collective Security  States agree to form a military alliance where an attack on one state is treated as an attack on all states.  The collective strength of the alliance also acts as a deterrent to would be aggressors.  PD

14 Stag Hunt  You and five of your friends have all gotten together and agreed to dye your hair purple before LDHSS competes in the OFSAA finals. If ALL FIVE of you show up tomorrow with purple hair you will all get 10 “awesome points” from your classmates.  HOWEVER, if only four or less of you show up with purple hair you will be teased mercilessly and LOSE 10 awesome points.  Whoever’s the first one to bail on the group will have the opportunity to join in on making fun of the rest thus earning themselves 5 awesome points.  What do you do?


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