2Totalitarian Has total control over a nation Dominates every aspect of lifeUses terror to suppress individual rights and silent all opposition
3How did Stalin change the Soviet economy? In an attempt to modernize agriculture and industry, he created a system of collective farming and poured money into basic industriesTurned the Soviet Union into a modern industrial power
4How did Stalin change the lives of the Soviet people? Stalin confiscated the land of resisting farmers and sent peasants to distant labor campsCaused food shortages and the need for rationingKilled millions
5Fascism Hitler and Mussolini were Fascist leaders Emphasizes the importance of the nation, or a particular ethnic groupA dictator reigns supreme
6PurgeThe process of removing enemies and undesirables from positions of power.Hitler purged the Nazi party in Germany and Stalin purged the Communists in the Soviet UnionMillions killed and millions more arrested and sent to labor camps in both nations
7Nazism A farm of fascism Created by Adolph Hitler Based on nationalism and racial superiority
8Why did many Germans support Hitler and Nazism in the early 1930s? Hitler and the Nazis promised to stabilize Germany when the Depression hitPromised to restore the economy and the empire that had been lost after WWI
9Axis Powers Germany, Italy, and Japan All believed they had been wronged by the peace process after WWIUsed the excuse of fighting communism as their reason for joining forces
10Examine the map on page 804. What advantage did Germany gain by stationing troops in the Rhineland With troops in the Rhineland, Hitler could threaten Belgium and France with invasion more easilyThis means that other nations may give into his demands more easily because they are afraid.
11AppeasementGiving up what one believes in, or what one holds dear in order to pacify an aggressorHitler was allowed to take re-militarize the Rhineland and take Austria and Czechoslovakia without a shot being fired.
12Why did Britain and France pursue a policy of appeasement with Hitler? Neither nation was prepared for a war, they desired peace
13Why did British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain sign the Munich Agreement? He believed that giving into Hitler’s demands would prevent a war…he believed wrong
14How did the Spanish Civil War highlight divisions in Europe? People had to choose between the pro fascist nationalists or the anti-fascist RepublicansGermany and Mussolini sent in troops to help the NationalistsThe Soviet Union aided the RepublicansThe U.S., Britain, and France did not interveneThe Nationalist Fascists win, put Francisco Franco into power
15How did leaders of totalitarian states feel about using force against people and nations they considered their enemies?Totalitarian leaders felt free to act against other nations, or against domestic opponents
16How did democratic nations like Britain and France feel about using force against other nations? Democratic nations were reluctant to use forceTotalitarian nations took advantage of this reluctance