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Chapter 24 Section 1 The Rise of Dictators. Totalitarian Has total control over a nation Dominates every aspect of life Uses terror to suppress individual.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 24 Section 1 The Rise of Dictators. Totalitarian Has total control over a nation Dominates every aspect of life Uses terror to suppress individual."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 24 Section 1 The Rise of Dictators

2 Totalitarian Has total control over a nation Dominates every aspect of life Uses terror to suppress individual rights and silent all opposition

3 How did Stalin change the Soviet economy? In an attempt to modernize agriculture and industry, he created a system of collective farming and poured money into basic industries Turned the Soviet Union into a modern industrial power

4 How did Stalin change the lives of the Soviet people? Stalin confiscated the land of resisting farmers and sent peasants to distant labor camps Caused food shortages and the need for rationing Killed millions

5 Fascism Hitler and Mussolini were Fascist leaders Emphasizes the importance of the nation, or a particular ethnic group A dictator reigns supreme

6 Purge The process of removing enemies and undesirables from positions of power. Hitler purged the Nazi party in Germany and Stalin purged the Communists in the Soviet Union Millions killed and millions more arrested and sent to labor camps in both nations

7 Nazism A farm of fascism Created by Adolph Hitler Based on nationalism and racial superiority

8 Why did many Germans support Hitler and Nazism in the early 1930s? Hitler and the Nazis promised to stabilize Germany when the Depression hit Promised to restore the economy and the empire that had been lost after WWI

9 Axis Powers Germany, Italy, and Japan All believed they had been wronged by the peace process after WWI Used the excuse of fighting communism as their reason for joining forces

10 Examine the map on page 804. What advantage did Germany gain by stationing troops in the Rhineland With troops in the Rhineland, Hitler could threaten Belgium and France with invasion more easily This means that other nations may give into his demands more easily because they are afraid.

11 Appeasement Giving up what one believes in, or what one holds dear in order to pacify an aggressor Hitler was allowed to take re-militarize the Rhineland and take Austria and Czechoslovakia without a shot being fired.

12 Why did Britain and France pursue a policy of appeasement with Hitler? Neither nation was prepared for a war, they desired peace

13 Why did British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain sign the Munich Agreement? He believed that giving into Hitler’s demands would prevent a war…he believed wrong

14 How did the Spanish Civil War highlight divisions in Europe? People had to choose between the pro fascist nationalists or the anti- fascist Republicans Germany and Mussolini sent in troops to help the Nationalists The Soviet Union aided the Republicans The U.S., Britain, and France did not intervene The Nationalist Fascists win, put Francisco Franco into power

15 How did leaders of totalitarian states feel about using force against people and nations they considered their enemies? Totalitarian leaders felt free to act against other nations, or against domestic opponents

16 How did democratic nations like Britain and France feel about using force against other nations? Democratic nations were reluctant to use force Totalitarian nations took advantage of this reluctance


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