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Causes of WWII Week I Lecture (Required Readings contained throughout Presentation) Week I Lecture (Required Readings contained throughout Presentation)

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Presentation on theme: "Causes of WWII Week I Lecture (Required Readings contained throughout Presentation) Week I Lecture (Required Readings contained throughout Presentation)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Causes of WWII Week I Lecture (Required Readings contained throughout Presentation) Week I Lecture (Required Readings contained throughout Presentation)

2 Treaty Of Versailles At the close of WWI the blame of that war was put solely on Germany. In 1919 Lloyd George of England, Orlando of Italy, Clemenceau of France and Woodrow Wilson from the US met to discuss how Germany would pay for the damage world war one had caused. Woodrow Wilson wanted a treaty based on his 14-point plan which he believed would bring peace to Europe.14-point plan However, most of Europe wanted to be sure that Germany could never start another war again.

3 The Terms of the Treaty War Guilt Clause - Germany should accept the blame for starting World War One Reparations -Germany had to pay £6,600 million for the damage caused by the war Military Clauses -Army: was to be reduced to 100,000 men and no tanks were allowed -Navy: Germany was only allowed 6 ships and no submarines -Airforce: Germany was not allowed an airforce -Rhineland:The Rhineland area was to be kept free of German military personnel and weapons Territorial Clauses -Anschluss: Germany was not allowed to unite with Austria. -Land: Germany lost land to a number of other countries. Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France, Eupen and Malmedy were given to Belgium, North Schleswig was given to Denmark. Land was also taken from Germany and given to Czechoslovakia and Poland. The League of Nations took control of Germany's colonies Map After the Treaty

4 A Rise of a New Party Watch Video Adolf Hitler and the Nazis On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler is named Reich chancellor. In February, his democratically elected government passes a law suspending civil rights and political freedoms. In March, the government is empowered to rule without parliament, to pass laws and govern by decree. Germany becomes a dictatorship ruled by Hitler and the Nazi Party.

5 Appeasement Appeasement: means giving in to someone provided their demands are seen as reasonable When Germany began re-arming in 1934, many politicians felt that Germany had a right to re-arm in order to protect herself. It was also argued that a stronger Germany would prevent the spread of Communism to the west. Munich Agreement of September Signed by Neville Chamberlain (Britain), Edouard Daladier (France), Adolf Hitler (Germany), and Benito Mussolini (Italy). - Sudetenland would be returned to Germany and that no further territorial claims would be made by Germany When Hitler invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia in March 1939, he broke the terms of the Munich Agreement Chamberlain made a guarantee to come to Poland's aid if Hitler invaded Poland. Appeasement: means giving in to someone provided their demands are seen as reasonable When Germany began re-arming in 1934, many politicians felt that Germany had a right to re-arm in order to protect herself. It was also argued that a stronger Germany would prevent the spread of Communism to the west. Munich Agreement of September Signed by Neville Chamberlain (Britain), Edouard Daladier (France), Adolf Hitler (Germany), and Benito Mussolini (Italy). - Sudetenland would be returned to Germany and that no further territorial claims would be made by Germany When Hitler invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia in March 1939, he broke the terms of the Munich Agreement Chamberlain made a guarantee to come to Poland's aid if Hitler invaded Poland.

6 The League of Nations Fails The League of Nations: an international organization set up in 1919 to help keep world peace The League of Nations Why the League of Nations Failed -Not all countries joined the League. The U.S. refused to join. As a punishment for having started WWI, Germany was not allowed to join and Russia was also excluded due to a growing fear of Communism. Other countries decided not to join and some joined but later left. -The League had no power: The main weapon of the League was to ask member countries to stop trading with an aggressive country. This did not work because countries could still trade with non-member countries. When the world was hit by depression in the late 1920s countries were reluctant to lose trading partners to other non-member countries. -The League had no army: Soldiers were to be supplied by member countries. Countries failed to provide troops. - Unable to act quickly: The Council of the League of Nations only met four times a year and decisions had to be agreed by all nations. When countries called for the League to intervene, the League had to set up an emergency meeting, hold discussions and gain the agreement of all members. This process meant that the League could not act quickly to stop an act of aggression.

7 Wrap Up

8 Readings in Lecture The 14 Point Plan (http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1324.html)http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1324.html The League of Nations (http://www.nps.gov/archive/elro/glossary/league-of-nations.htm) The League of Nationshttp://www.nps.gov/archive/elro/glossary/league-of-nations.htm The 14 Point Plan (http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1324.html)http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1324.html The League of Nations (http://www.nps.gov/archive/elro/glossary/league-of-nations.htm) The League of Nationshttp://www.nps.gov/archive/elro/glossary/league-of-nations.htm

9 The End Now that the lecture is concluded feel free to post your Journal Entry in the Discussion Forum.Discussion Forum Now that the lecture is concluded feel free to post your Journal Entry in the Discussion Forum.Discussion Forum


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