16 Thirty girls were taken from language school last night, and today I have heard scores of heartbreaking stories of girls who were taken from their homes last night--one of the girls was but 12 years old....Tonight a truck passed in which there were eight or ten girls, and as it passed they called out "Ging ming! Ging ming!"--save our lives. (Minnie Vautrins diary, 16 December 1937)It is a horrible story to relate; I know not where to begin nor to end. Never have I heard or read of such brutality. Rape: We estimate at least 1,000 cases a night and many by day. In case of resistance or anything that seems like disapproval there is a bayonet stab or a bullet.(James McCallum, letter to his family, 19 December, 1937)
17 October 1935 Mussolini attacks Ethiopia Italian AggressionOctober 1935 Mussolini attacks Ethiopia
18 1936 Marches into Rhineland German Aggression1936 Marches into Rhineland1938 Anschluss of Austria1939 Takes Czechoslovakia
19 “Well, two years ago when we marched into the Rhineland with a handful of battalions - at that moment I risked a great deal. If France had marched then, we should have been forced to withdraw. But for France it is now too late!”-- Adolf Hitler
32 Example of Appeasement Munich Conference 1939France and Great Britain meet with Hitler to persuade him to not go after the Sudetenland- end up allowing him to take it- Hitler promises it will be his last invasion- “This is the last territorial claim I have to make in Europe.”
40 Countdown to War August 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact - Russia agrees to help Germany invade PolandSeptember 1 – Invasion BeginsSeptember 3- Great Britain and France Declare War
41 To the chancellor of the German Reich, Herr A. Hitler. I thank you for your letter. I hope that the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact will mark a decisive turn for the better in the political relations between our two countriesJ. Stalin
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