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WWII Begins. What were the Causes of WWII? #1 Treaty of Versailles destroys German nationalism and economy destroys German nationalism and economy US.

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Presentation on theme: "WWII Begins. What were the Causes of WWII? #1 Treaty of Versailles destroys German nationalism and economy destroys German nationalism and economy US."— Presentation transcript:

1 WWII Begins

2 What were the Causes of WWII?

3 #1 Treaty of Versailles destroys German nationalism and economy destroys German nationalism and economy US Stock Market Crash US Stock Market Crash - Sends Germany into a huge Depression! People are panicked and will listen to anyone! People are panicked and will listen to anyone! - Hitler rises to power

4 $1 worth 3 trillion Marks

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6 Selling Money by Weight

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9 Hitler promises a return to German Prosperity and Glory Hitler promises a return to German Prosperity and Glory Becomes dictator in March 1933 Becomes dictator in March 1933

10 #2 Rise of Aggressors Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini GermanyItalyJapan

11 Japanese Aggression

12 1931 attacks Manchuria 1932 attacks Shanghai 1937 invades China

13 Chinese Prisoners being buried alive

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16 Thirty girls were taken from language school last night, and today I have heard scores of heartbreaking stories of girls who were taken from their homes last night--one of the girls was but 12 years old....Tonight a truck passed in which there were eight or ten girls, and as it passed they called out "Ging ming! Ging ming!"--save our lives. (Minnie Vautrins diary, 16 December 1937) It is a horrible story to relate; I know not where to begin nor to end. Never have I heard or read of such brutality. Rape: We estimate at least 1,000 cases a night and many by day. In case of resistance or anything that seems like disapproval there is a bayonet stab or a bullet. (James McCallum, letter to his family, 19 December, 1937)

17 Italian Aggression October 1935 Mussolini attacks Ethiopia

18 German Aggression 1936 Marches into Rhineland 1936 Marches into Rhineland 1938 Anschluss of Austria 1938 Anschluss of Austria 1939 Takes Czechoslovakia 1939 Takes Czechoslovakia

19 Well, two years ago when we marched into the Rhineland with a handful of battalions - at that moment I risked a great deal. If France had marched then, we should have been forced to withdraw. But for France it is now too late! -- Adolf Hitler

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21 Austria Welcomes Hitler

22 We Sing For Adolf Hitler

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27 #3 Appeasement Giving in to an aggressor to avoid war

28 League of Nations Does little to stop Japan, Italy, and Germany Does little to stop Japan, Italy, and Germany No one wants to go to war again No one wants to go to war again

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32 Example of Appeasement Munich Conference 1939 Munich Conference 1939 France and Great Britain meet with Hitler to persuade him to not go after the Sudetenland France and Great Britain meet with Hitler to persuade him to not go after the Sudetenland - end up allowing him to take it - Hitler promises it will be his last invasion - This is the last territorial claim I have to make in Europe.

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34 Peace in our Time

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36 After Munich Conferences Hitler Invades the rest of Czechoslovakia Hitler Invades the rest of Czechoslovakia Announces future invasion of Poland Announces future invasion of Poland

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38 What event signified the beginning of WWII?

39 September 1, 1939 Germany Invades Poland

40 Countdown to War August 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact August 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact - Russia agrees to help Germany invade Poland September 1 – Invasion Begins September 1 – Invasion Begins September 3- Great Britain and France Declare War September 3- Great Britain and France Declare War

41 To the chancellor of the German Reich, Herr A. Hitler. I thank you for your letter. I hope that the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact will mark a decisive turn for the better in the political relations between our two countries.... J. Stalin

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44 Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini GermanyItalyJapan Axis Powers Hideki Tojo

45 Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Great Britain Russia United States Allied Powers Franklin D. Roosevelt

46 Questions?


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