NDJ / Learning Strategies Being aware of others needs Being open to new ideas Concentration Embracing difference Hypothesising Reviewing to remember Perceiving patterns Self-assessing/self-correction Persevering Plan learning Working with others Taking risks Problem solving Predicting Concentrating Classifying
NDJ / Socio-affective strategies Adapting to new ideas Embracing difference Persevering Taking risks Working with others (in pairs / groups) Being aware of others needs Being open to new ideas
NDJ / Meta-cognitive strategies “beyond, beside, or with the cognitive … meta- cognitive strategies are actions which go beyond purely cognitive devices and which provide a way for learners to co-ordinate their own learning process” (Oxford, 1990:136). knowing about knowing being in control of your own learning learning how to learn effectively knowing how and when to apply your knowledge
NDJ / Questions teacher should consider What strategies does the child adopt when he/she does not understand the meaning of something? Does the child feel in control of the process of learning? Does the child see the purpose of what he/ she is doing?
NDJ / Training children Have I thought it through? Stop and think! Think before you ink! Have I made a plan? PLAN Prepare Learning Actions Now Do I know what to do? Re-read / re-tell the instructions. Check-double- check Is there anything more I need before I begin? What do I know which will help me? Everything is like something. What problem is this like? Fisher, R. (1990:121)
NDJ / Suggested reading Brewster, J, Ellis, G and Girard, D. (1992). The Primary Teacher’s Guide. Harlow: Pearson Education Ltd. 2002, New Edition. Part 2; Chapter 5. Chou Hare, V. and Smith, D. C. (1982). ‘Reading to Remember: Studies of Metacognitive Reading Skills in Elementary School-Aged Children’ Journal of Educational Research, 75:3 pp: (1982:Jan./Feb.) Fisher, R. (1990). Teaching Children to Think. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes Publishers Ltd. Reprint O’Mallet, J.M. and Chamot, A. U. (1990). Learning Strategies in Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: CUP. Oxford, R.L. (1990). Language Learning Strategies. USA: Heinle and Heinle Publishers.