2Alternative assessment The primary goal of alternative assessment is “to gather evidence about how students are approaching, processing, and completing ‘real-life’ tasks in a particular domain’’(Garcia & Pearson as cited in Huerta-Macias,2002, p.339)
3Characteristics of Alternative Assessment Integrate assessment and learning activities.Indicate and highlight successful performance and positive traits.Consider students' needs, interests, and learning styles.
4Alternative Assessment Options Self- and peer-assessmentCooperative test constructionDialogue journalsPortfoliosProjects
5Features of Project Work Focus on content learning rather than specific language formsStudent-centeredness, as opposed to teacher centerednessCooperative rather than competitiveAuthentic integration of skills and processing of info from varied sourcesProject work culminates in an end product (a stage performance, an oral presentation, etc.(Based on F. Stoller, 2002, p.110 )
6Project Stages Classroom planning Real world/carrying out the project Agree on a themeDetermine the final projectReal world/carrying out the projectGathering, analyzing the informationReviewing and monitoring the work (discussion and feedback sessions)Returning to the classroom & presenting final product
7What about the teacher’s role? To suggest topics for the project.To prepare students for the language demands.To act as a counsellor and consultant
8Project Types: Collection projects Informational projects Orientation projectsSocial welfare projectsRead more about types of projects and their products in inTeaching English as a second or foreign Language Ed. M. Celce-Murcia pp
9Some project tips: Staff portrait gallery Tourist broadsheets Street interviews on a specific topicCzech/world cuisine in EnglishTwinned townsSchool Exchange projects‘Playing’ the role of a museum guideStaging a play for junior students, etc.
10Suggested readingEyring, J. (2001).Experiential and negotiated language learning. In M. Celce-Murcia (Ed.), Teaching English as a second or foreign Language (pp ). Heinle & Heinle.Fried-Booth, D.L. (1990). Project work. Oxford University Press.Stoller, F. (2002). Project work: A Means to Promote Language and Content. In J. Richards & W. Renandya (Eds.), Methodology in language teaching: An anthology of current practice (pp ). Cambridge University Press.