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 Physical Geography  Tectonic Activity  Mountains  Taurus Mountains  Southern Turkey  Zagros Mountains  Southern Iran.

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Presentation on theme: " Physical Geography  Tectonic Activity  Mountains  Taurus Mountains  Southern Turkey  Zagros Mountains  Southern Iran."— Presentation transcript:

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3  Physical Geography

4  Tectonic Activity

5  Mountains  Taurus Mountains  Southern Turkey  Zagros Mountains  Southern Iran

6  Water  Mediterranean Sea  Red Sea  Arabian Sea  Persian Gulf  Arabian Gulf  Strait of Hormuz  Bosporous Strait  Dardanelles  Jordan River  Tigris & Euphrates Rivers

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8  Climate  Water is the region’s most important resource  Mediterranean climate in some areas  Dry, semi-arid or arid in most other places

9  Culture

10  Countries & Languages  Speak Arabic  Bahrain  Iraq  Jordan  Kuwait  Lebanon  Oman  Qatar  Saudi Arabia  Syria  United Arab Emirates  Yemen  Non-Arab Countries  Iran: Persian  Israel: Hebrew  Turkey: Turkish

11  Major Cities  Istanbul  Jerusalem  Mecca  Tehran  Baghdad

12  Art & Architecture  Artwork and architecture reflects religious diversity  Mosques & minarets  Churches  Synagogues  More tomorrow!

13  Economy/Human Impact

14   Wide range in per capita incomes and levels of development in the region  Great variation in standard of living  Ranges from very wealthy to poverty-stricken Life

15  “ Black Gold” & the Economy  Main exports: Petroleum & oil products  Over 60% of world’s oil reserves  About 50% of world’s natural gas reserves  Use petrochemicals (derived from oil/natural gas) for fertilizer, plastic, medicine and paint

16  Service Industries  Rapid urbanization/moderniz ation has led to growth of the service industry  Major role in economies  Banking, real estate, insurance, tourism, etc.  i.e Bahrain: 60% of GDP

17  Transportation  Waterways are key for shipping  Oil tankers in the Strait of Hormuz & Persian Gulf  Extensive road systems in Iran and Turkey  Gov’ts building more transit systems to connect urban & rural populations  Subway in Istanbul

18  Trade & Interdependence  Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)  Algeria, Libya, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, & United Arab Emirates  Oil dependency means that OPEC has a lot of influence  Economic disparity between oil-rich and oil-poor countries

19  Human Impact  Persian Gulf War ( )  Burning oil wells  smoke pollution affected birds  Dumping oil into Persian Gulf  Fish & other marine life died  Iraq War ( )  Lebanon-Israel (2006)  Dumped oil into Mediterranean Sea

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