10 Countries & Languages Speak Arabic Non-Arab Countries Iran: Persian BahrainIraqJordanKuwaitLebanonOmanQatarSaudi ArabiaSyriaUnited Arab EmiratesYemenNon-Arab CountriesIran: PersianIsrael: HebrewTurkey: Turkish
11 Major CitiesIstanbulJerusalemMeccaTehranBaghdad
12 Art & ArchitectureArtwork and architecture reflects religious diversityMosques & minaretsChurchesSynagoguesMore tomorrow!
14 LifeWide range in per capita incomes and levels of development in the regionGreat variation in standard of livingRanges from very wealthy to poverty-stricken
15 “Black Gold” & the Economy Main exports: Petroleum & oil productsOver 60% of world’s oil reservesAbout 50% of world’s natural gas reservesUse petrochemicals (derived from oil/natural gas) for fertilizer, plastic, medicine and paintOil producing countries have grown more rapidly than other countries in the area
16 Service IndustriesRapid urbanization/modernization has led to growth of the service industryMajor role in economiesBanking, real estate, insurance, tourism, etc.i.e Bahrain: 60% of GDP
17 Transportation Waterways are key for shipping Oil tankers in the Strait of Hormuz & Persian GulfExtensive road systems in Iran and TurkeyGov’ts building more transit systems to connect urban & rural populationsSubway in Istanbul
18 Trade & Interdependence Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)Algeria, Libya, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, & United Arab EmiratesOil dependency means that OPEC has a lot of influenceEconomic disparity between oil-rich and oil-poor countries
19 Human Impact Persian Gulf War (1990-1991) Iraq War (2003-2011) Burning oil wells smoke pollution affected birdsDumping oil into Persian Gulf Fish & other marine life diedIraq War ( )Lebanon-Israel (2006)Dumped oil into Mediterranean SeaDepend on desalination plants
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