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Southwest Asia.

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Presentation on theme: "Southwest Asia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Southwest Asia


3 Physical Geography

4 Tectonic Activity North Anatolian Fault
One of the most active faults in the world Plate movement causes: Earthquakes Formation of mountain ranges Expansion of s

5 Mountains Taurus Mountains Zagros Mountains Southern Turkey
Southern Iran

6 Water Mediterranean Sea Red Sea Arabian Sea Persian Gulf Arabian Gulf
Strait of Hormuz Bosporous Strait Dardanelles Jordan River Tigris & Euphrates Rivers


8 Climate Water is the region’s most important resource
Mediterranean climate in some areas Dry, semi-arid or arid in most other places

9 Culture

10 Countries & Languages Speak Arabic Non-Arab Countries Iran: Persian
Bahrain Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Non-Arab Countries Iran: Persian Israel: Hebrew Turkey: Turkish

11 Major Cities Istanbul Jerusalem Mecca Tehran Baghdad

12 Art & Architecture Artwork and architecture reflects religious diversity Mosques & minarets Churches Synagogues More tomorrow!

13 Economy/Human Impact

14 Life Wide range in per capita incomes and levels of development in the region Great variation in standard of living Ranges from very wealthy to poverty-stricken

15 “Black Gold” & the Economy
Main exports: Petroleum & oil products Over 60% of world’s oil reserves About 50% of world’s natural gas reserves Use petrochemicals (derived from oil/natural gas) for fertilizer, plastic, medicine and paint Oil producing countries have grown more rapidly than other countries in the area

16 Service Industries Rapid urbanization/modernization has led to growth of the service industry Major role in economies Banking, real estate, insurance, tourism, etc. i.e Bahrain: 60% of GDP

17 Transportation Waterways are key for shipping
Oil tankers in the Strait of Hormuz & Persian Gulf Extensive road systems in Iran and Turkey Gov’ts building more transit systems to connect urban & rural populations Subway in Istanbul

18 Trade & Interdependence
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Algeria, Libya, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, & United Arab Emirates Oil dependency means that OPEC has a lot of influence Economic disparity between oil-rich and oil-poor countries

19 Human Impact Persian Gulf War (1990-1991) Iraq War (2003-2011)
Burning oil wells  smoke pollution affected birds Dumping oil into Persian Gulf  Fish & other marine life died Iraq War ( ) Lebanon-Israel (2006) Dumped oil into Mediterranean Sea Depend on desalination plants

20 The End 

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