Presentation on theme: "Experience in Estonia for preparing and supporting inmates to get into the labour market Tallinn Construction School."— Presentation transcript:
Experience in Estonia for preparing and supporting inmates to get into the labour market Tallinn Construction School
Statistics ( ) 3284 prisoners – 2508 convicted offenders – 776 persons held in custody 39 juvenile 169 women The imprisonment rate: ~250 prisoners per inhabitants The maintenance fee per detainee is 1035, 58€ a month, therein 1,3€ of food expences a day.
Education in prison Educating in prison is organized by the Ministry of Education and Research All the prisoners have a right to education by law Prison education is organized on the same bases that education outside. This gives opportunity for prisoners to continue studies after prison. Prison education is regulated in legislation including the Education Act and the Imprisonment Act. In prison, it is possible to obtain education in Estonian and in Russian.
Based on risk and needs assessment the sentence is planned individually Ministry of Justice Rehabilitation programs Recreation activities (art, music, handicraft) Estonian language courses (from 0 level up to B2 level) Ministry of Education and Research Basic education (first level of education) Secondary education (second level of education) Vocational education Higher education (third level of education)
Number of students Level of educationNumber of prisoners Basic education135 Secondary education76 Vocational education256 TOTAL467 (19% of convicted prisoners) Rehabilitation programs in
Estonian language courses 259 prisoners finished courses prisoners finished courses prisoners finished courses ca 767 learners Prisoners have possibility for national state language exam. Several career planning groups have been organised for the detainees in Tartu Prison. Rehabilitationprograms have been organised mainly against drug - and alcohol addiction and improving subsistence skills among the detainees.
Employment in prison According to the Imprisonment Act, all convicted persons who are under 64 years old, not studying and without medical contraindications, are obliged to work. Dismissed from employment are also detainees raising a child under three years of age. Working while in prison in substance is another form of social work such as educational studies, social programs etc. The main aim is to create a working habit within these inmates, in order for them to cope in the outside world and not commit a new act of crime. The working detainees are divided into two: those who are employed in the internal economic activities in prison – and the detainees employed in production.
Economic labor Detainees are included into the internal economic activities in order to support the everyday functioning of the prison. Mostly prisoners are employed in cleaning, kitchen staff positions, handing out food, renovation works, waste management, laundry, hairdresser's services and as library assistants. Prison economic activities are also meant for detainees acquiring simpler practical skills and sculpturing of a habit for working while working a part-time position. In case of a rise in skills and motivation it is possible to move forward to more demanding positions or to acquiring vocational education. Detainees are primarily employed in cleaning positions to create a working habit.
All together there are 354 economic labor assistant positions in prisons, but in order for more detainees to be employed, they mostly work part- time. Daily the average of 475 prisoners are employed in economic labor: 150 in Tartu Prison; 160 in Viru Prison; 140 in Tallinn Prison and 25 in Harku and Murru Prison. Production activities : A state-owned business association, AS Eesti Vanglatööstus, was founded in 2001 to increase the detainee employment rate, to raise the competitive level of the production and to reduce the prison costs. The domains are: metal - and wood works, sewing, packaging and laundry services. Daily there is an average of 100 open prison detainees working outside the prison. The areas of employment are different and depend upon the labor market.
Employment in prison Harku and Murru Prison Tallinn PrisonTartu PrisonViru PrisonKOKKU Number of convicted prisoners Economic activities Production activities in AS Eesti vanglatööstus Productoon activities Other All
Vocational training in prisons Electrician Woodworking Gardening Welding Metalwork Tailoring Clothing sewer Constructional decorator Cookery Enterprise management Curriculums: 20 til 80 weeks Without basic education; basis of basic and secondary education
Vocational training in prisons Tallinn Construction School (in Tallinn Prison and in Harku Prison) Ida-Virumaa Vocational Education Centre (Viru Prison) Tartu Vocational Education Centre (Tartu Prison)
Tallinn Construction School started arranging vocational education in Tallinn Prison in 2006, after accepting the document named „Educational Arrangement in Prison s. Developmental plan for 2004 – 2006” in Estonia, which fores aw transferring teaching of inmates under the coordination of regional educational institutions. Since 2010 Tallin Construction School is arranging vocational education also in Harku (and Murru – closed in 2012) prison.
Specializations Construction with different preceding education (studies 1 year) Electrician after basic or secondery school (studies 2 years) Woodworking with different preceding education (studies 1 year) Horticulture (gardening assistant) with different preceding education (studies 1 year) Clothing sewing (different section abilitis) with different preceding education (studies 0,5 until 2 years)
Curriculums Vocational training/ study based on state- controlled curriculums. Curriculums contain also following general subjects: Economy and enterprise principles Employment Contracts Act Occupational safety Psychology Computer-lessons Mechanical drawing Foreign language (terminology)
Number of students (ca) Electrician12 Woodwork 12 Construction22 Horticulture12 Clothing sewing12 N umber of study groups6 Number of stud ents in groups
The inmates at Tallinn Prison study 3 specialities: Construction Woodwork Electrician Hortyculture During the practical part of studies each student has the possibility of practicing and showing the knowledge acquired. Symbiosis of Vocational Trainings in Tallinn Prison
The walls, ceilings, floors, window- and door sills have been renovated / painted by the students of construction speciality. The students of woodwork have made the grille on the radiator, as well as window and door frames and some of the furniture in teachers room. Students studying the profession of an electrician have installed the electrical mains and the ceiling lights. Symbiosis of Vocational Trainings in Tallinn Prison
Contact Tele phones: (+372) director (+372) manager of prison education department Pärnu mnt Tallinn