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14.1. 14.2 LEARNING OBJECTIVES EXPLAIN ORGANIZATIONAL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENTEXPLAIN ORGANIZATIONAL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT DESCRIBE USEFUL APPLICATIONS FOR.

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Presentation on theme: "14.1. 14.2 LEARNING OBJECTIVES EXPLAIN ORGANIZATIONAL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENTEXPLAIN ORGANIZATIONAL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT DESCRIBE USEFUL APPLICATIONS FOR."— Presentation transcript:

1 14.1

2 14.2 LEARNING OBJECTIVES EXPLAIN ORGANIZATIONAL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENTEXPLAIN ORGANIZATIONAL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT DESCRIBE USEFUL APPLICATIONS FOR DISTRIBUTING, CREATING, SHARING KNOWLEDGEDESCRIBE USEFUL APPLICATIONS FOR DISTRIBUTING, CREATING, SHARING KNOWLEDGE EVALUATE ROLE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENTEVALUATE ROLE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT*

3 14.3 LEARNING OBJECTIVES DEMONSTRATE HOW ORGANIZATIONS USE EXPERT SYSTEMS, CASE-BASED REASONING TO CAPTURE KNOWLEDGEDEMONSTRATE HOW ORGANIZATIONS USE EXPERT SYSTEMS, CASE-BASED REASONING TO CAPTURE KNOWLEDGE DEMONSTRATE HOW NEURAL NETWORKS & OTHER TECHNIQUES IMPROVE KNOWLEDGE BASEDEMONSTRATE HOW NEURAL NETWORKS & OTHER TECHNIQUES IMPROVE KNOWLEDGE BASE*

4 14.4 MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN THE ORGANIZATIONKNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN THE ORGANIZATION INFORMATION & KNOWLEDGE WORK SYSTEMSINFORMATION & KNOWLEDGE WORK SYSTEMS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCEARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE OTHER INTELLIGENT TECHNIQUESOTHER INTELLIGENT TECHNIQUES*

5 14.5 KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN THE ORGANIZATION KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT: SYSTEMATICALLY & ACTIVELY MANAGING AND LEVERAGING STORES OF KNOWLEDGE STORES OF KNOWLEDGE IN AN ORGANIZATION *

6 14.6 KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN THE ORGANIZATION KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT: Office Automation Systems (OAS)Office Automation Systems (OAS) Knowledge Work Systems (KWS)Knowledge Work Systems (KWS) Group Collaboration Systems (GCS)Group Collaboration Systems (GCS) Artificial Intelligence Applications (AI)Artificial Intelligence Applications (AI)*

7 14.7 INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE WORK SYSTEMS INFORMATION WORK: Work consists primarily of creating, processing informationINFORMATION WORK: Work consists primarily of creating, processing information DATA WORKERS: People who process & disseminate organization’s paperworkDATA WORKERS: People who process & disseminate organization’s paperwork KNOWLEDGE WORKERS: People who design products or services or create new knowledge for organization KNOWLEDGE WORKERS: People who design products or services or create new knowledge for organization *

8 14.8 OFFICE AUTOMATION SYSTEMS MANAGING DOCUMENTS: WORD PROCESSINGWORD PROCESSING DESKTOP PUBLISHINGDESKTOP PUBLISHING DOCUMENT IMAGINGDOCUMENT IMAGING WEB PUBLISHINGWEB PUBLISHING WORK-FLOW MANAGERSWORK-FLOW MANAGERS*

9 14.9 OFFICE AUTOMATION SYSTEMS SCHEDULING: ELECTRONIC CALENDARSELECTRONIC CALENDARS GROUPWAREGROUPWARE INTRANETSINTRANETS*

10 14.10 OFFICE AUTOMATION SYSTEMS COMMUNICATING: VOICE MAILVOICE MAIL DIGITAL ANSWERING SYSTEMSDIGITAL ANSWERING SYSTEMS GROUPWAREGROUPWARE INTRANETSINTRANETS*

11 14.11 OFFICE AUTOMATION SYSTEMS MANAGING DATA: DESKTOP DATABASESDESKTOP DATABASES SPREADSHEETSSPREADSHEETS USER-FRIENDLY INTERFACES TO MAINFRAME DATABASESUSER-FRIENDLY INTERFACES TO MAINFRAME DATABASES*

12 14.12 DOCUMENT IMAGING SYSTEMS: Systems convert documents, images into digital form (e.g.: optical character recognition; microfiche)DOCUMENT IMAGING SYSTEMS: Systems convert documents, images into digital form (e.g.: optical character recognition; microfiche) JUKEBOX: Storage & retrieving device for CD-ROMs & other optical disksJUKEBOX: Storage & retrieving device for CD-ROMs & other optical disks INDEX SERVER: Imaging system to store / retrieve documentINDEX SERVER: Imaging system to store / retrieve document* OFFICE AUTOMATION SYSTEMS MANAGING DATA:

13 14.13 CREATE KNOWLEDGE KNOWLEDGE WORK SYSTEMS: INFORMATION SYSTEMS THAT AID KNOWLEDGE WORKERS TO CREATE, INTEGRATENEW KNOWLEDGE IN ORGANIZATION INFORMATION SYSTEMS THAT AID KNOWLEDGE WORKERS TO CREATE, INTEGRATENEW KNOWLEDGE IN ORGANIZATION *

14 14.14 CREATE KNOWLEDGE KNOWLEDGE WORKERS: KEEP ORGANIZATION UP-TO-DATE IN KNOWLEDGE: Technology; Science; Thought; the ArtsKEEP ORGANIZATION UP-TO-DATE IN KNOWLEDGE: Technology; Science; Thought; the Arts INTERNAL CONSULTANTS IN THEIR AREASINTERNAL CONSULTANTS IN THEIR AREAS CHANGE AGENTS: Evaluating; Initiating; Promoting Change ProjectsCHANGE AGENTS: Evaluating; Initiating; Promoting Change Projects*

15 14.15 CAD/CAM Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacturing: Provides precise control over industrial design, manufacturingCAD/CAM Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacturing: Provides precise control over industrial design, manufacturing VIRTUAL REALITY: Interactive software creates photorealistic simulations of real world objects (Virtual Reality Modeling Language: VRML) VIRTUAL REALITY: Interactive software creates photorealistic simulations of real world objects (Virtual Reality Modeling Language: VRML)* CREATE KNOWLEDGE KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS: 14.15

16 14.16 INVESTMENT WORKSTATIONS: High-end PCs used in finance to analyze trading situations, facilitate portfolio managementINVESTMENT WORKSTATIONS: High-end PCs used in finance to analyze trading situations, facilitate portfolio management* CREATE KNOWLEDGE KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS:

17 14.17 SHARE KNOWLEDGE GROUP COLLABORATION SYSTEMS: GROUPWARE: Allows interactive collaboration, approval of documentsGROUPWARE: Allows interactive collaboration, approval of documents INTRANETS: Good for relatively stable information in central repositoryINTRANETS: Good for relatively stable information in central repository LOTUS NOTES TM IBM : Popular proprietary software; flexible changes, updates, editing; more secure than IntranetsLOTUS NOTES TM IBM : Popular proprietary software; flexible changes, updates, editing; more secure than Intranets*

18 14.18 CAPABILITIES OF GROUPWARE PUBLISHING, REPLICATIONPUBLISHING, REPLICATION DISCUSSION TRACKINGDISCUSSION TRACKING DOCUMENT MANAGEMENTDOCUMENT MANAGEMENT WORK-FLOW MANAGEMENTWORK-FLOW MANAGEMENT SECURITYSECURITY PORTABILITYPORTABILITY APPLICATION DEVELOPMENTAPPLICATION DEVELOPMENT* 14.18

19 14.19 CAPTURE & CODIFY KNOWLEDGE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) SYSTEMS: AI: COMPUTER-BASED SYSTEMS WITH ABILITIES TO LEARN LANGUAGE, ACCOMPLISH TASKS, USE PERCEPTUAL APPARATUS, EMULATE HUMAN EXPERTISE & DECISION MAKING * AI

20 14.20 CAPTURE & CODIFY KNOWLEDGE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) SYSTEMS: EXPERT SYSTEMS NEURAL NETS FUZZY LOGIC GENETIC ALGORITHMS INTELLIGENT AGENTS * AI

21 14.21 AI FAMILY NATURAL LANGUAGE ROBOTICS PERCEPTIVE SYSTEMS EXPERT SYSTEMS INTELLIGENT MACHINES ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AI

22 14.22 AI BUSINESS INTERESTS IN AI BUSINESS INTERESTS IN AI PRESERVE EXPERTISEPRESERVE EXPERTISE CREATE KNOWLEDGE BASECREATE KNOWLEDGE BASE MECHANISM NOT SUBJECT TO FEELINGS, FATIGUE, WORRY, CRISISMECHANISM NOT SUBJECT TO FEELINGS, FATIGUE, WORRY, CRISIS ELIMINATE ROUTINE / UNSATISFYING JOBSELIMINATE ROUTINE / UNSATISFYING JOBS ENHANCE KNOWLEDGE BASEENHANCE KNOWLEDGE BASE*

23 14.23 EXPERT SYSTEMS EXPERT SYSTEMS KNOWLEDGE - INTENSIVE CAPTURES HUMAN EXPERTISE IN LIMITED DOMAINS OF KNOWLEDGE * AI

24 14.24 EXPERT SYSTEMS EXPERT SYSTEMS KNOWLEDGE BASE: Model of Human KnowledgeKNOWLEDGE BASE: Model of Human Knowledge RULE - BASED EXPERT SYSTEM : AI system based on IF - THEN statements (Bifurcation); Rule Base: Collection of IF - THEN knowledgeRULE - BASED EXPERT SYSTEM : AI system based on IF - THEN statements (Bifurcation); Rule Base: Collection of IF - THEN knowledge KNOWLEDGE FRAMES: Knowledge organizes in chunks based on shared relationshipsKNOWLEDGE FRAMES: Knowledge organizes in chunks based on shared relationships* AI

25 14.25 EXPERT SYSTEMS EXPERT SYSTEMS AI SHELL: Programming environment of expert systemAI SHELL: Programming environment of expert system INFERENCE ENGINE: Search through rule baseINFERENCE ENGINE: Search through rule base –FORWARD CHAINING: –FORWARD CHAINING: Uses input; searches rules for answer –BACKWARD CHAINING: –BACKWARD CHAINING: Begins with hypothesis, seeks information until hypothesis accepted or rejected* AI

26 14.26 EXPERT SYSTEMS EXPERT SYSTEMS LIMITATIONS: Often reduced to problems of classificationOften reduced to problems of classification Can be large, lengthy, expensiveCan be large, lengthy, expensive Maintaining knowledge base criticalMaintaining knowledge base critical Many managers unwilling to trust such systemsMany managers unwilling to trust such systems* AI

27 14.27 CASE - BASED REASON (CBR) CASE - BASED REASON (CBR) AI USES DATABASE OF CASES: USER DESCRIBES PROBLEMUSER DESCRIBES PROBLEM SYSTEM SEARCHES DATABASE FOR SIMILAR CASESSYSTEM SEARCHES DATABASE FOR SIMILAR CASES SYSTEM ASKS MORE QUESTIONSSYSTEM ASKS MORE QUESTIONS FINDS CLOSEST FITFINDS CLOSEST FIT MODIFIES IF REQUIREDMODIFIES IF REQUIRED* AI

28 14.28 OTHER AI TECHNIQUES OTHER AI TECHNIQUES NEURAL NETWORKS: Software attempts to emulate brain processesNEURAL NETWORKS: Software attempts to emulate brain processes FUZZY LOGIC: Tolerates ambiguity using nonspecific MEMBERSHIP FUNCTIONSFUZZY LOGIC: Tolerates ambiguity using nonspecific MEMBERSHIP FUNCTIONS GENETIC ALGORITHMS: Use models of organisms to promote evolution of solutionGENETIC ALGORITHMS: Use models of organisms to promote evolution of solution HYBRID AI SYSTEMS: CombinationsHYBRID AI SYSTEMS: Combinations* AI

29 14.29 INTELLIGENT AGENT INTELLIGENT AGENT PROGRAM WITH BUILT-IN, LEARNED KNOWLEDGE BASE TO DO SPECIFIC, REPETITIVE, PREDICTABLE TASKS FOR: INDIVIDUALINDIVIDUAL BUSINESS PROCESSBUSINESS PROCESS SOFTWARE APPLICATIONSOFTWARE APPLICATION* AI

30 14.30 Connect to the INTERNET PRESS LEFT MOUSE BUTTON ON ICON TO CONNECT TO THE LAUDON & LAUDON WEB SITE FOR MORE INFORMATION IN THIS CHAPTER

31 14.31


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