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Architecture. Black Cow and Horses Lascaux Cave painting, Central France c.15,000 BCE Stone Age Paleolithic Hall of the Bulls Lascaux Cave, Central France.

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Presentation on theme: "Architecture. Black Cow and Horses Lascaux Cave painting, Central France c.15,000 BCE Stone Age Paleolithic Hall of the Bulls Lascaux Cave, Central France."— Presentation transcript:

1 Architecture

2 Black Cow and Horses Lascaux Cave painting, Central France c.15,000 BCE Stone Age Paleolithic Hall of the Bulls Lascaux Cave, Central France c.15,000 BCE Note : The following demonstrates how established dates are designated today vs. how they have been shown in the past : Before Now BC = Before Christ BCE = Before Common Era AD = Anno Domini (year of our lord) CE = Common Era

3 Round Tower [of Jericho ] Tel-el-Sultan c.7000 BCE (Neolithic) Brick & Stone Ancient Architecture

4 Ziggurat at Ur (Third Dynasty) Sumerian c BCE Sun-dried Brick Sumerian Architecture

5 Great Pyramids At Giza (Cheops, Chefren, Mycerinus) (EOK) c BCE Egyptian Old Kingdom (EOK) Architecture Stone Quarry for Pyramids

6 Pyramid entrance tunnel Egyptian Old Kingdom (EOK) Archtiecture Cross section of Pyramid tunnels and chambers

7 Mayan Architecture Mayan Temple of the Giant Jaguar (Temple I) Tikal, El Péten, Guatemala c. 700 CE El Castillo Chichén Itza, Mexico 9th-10th Century CE Stone

8 Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut Architect Imhotep Dier - El - Bahri, Thebes (ENK), Beginning of the XVIIIth Dynasty c.1480 BCE Egyptian New Kingdom (ENK) Architecture

9 Stonehenge Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England c BCE Neolithic Architecture Type of construction?

10 Stonehenge Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England c BCE Neolithic Architecture Type of construction? Post and Lintel construction

11 Palace at Knossos courtyard Crete, Minoan c.1600 BC Palace Floor Plan Minoan Architecture

12 Queens Bedroom in the Palace at Knossos Late Minoan c.1500 BC Minoan Art and Architecture

13 The Queens parlour Palace at Knossos, Crete Minoan Art and Architecture

14 Root 5 Rectangle (based on the Golden Mean Length = 5 x height ) A B C Proportion Classical Greek design principle The Golden Mean The Golden Rectangle

15 The Parthenon on the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Iktinos and KalliKrates (Architects) BCE Greece Classical Art Floor Plan Sculptural model of the Goddess Athena of the Parthenon

16 DoricIonicCorinthian (origin : Greek mainland) (origin : Asia Minor) (origin : Corinth,Greece ) Greece Classical Architectural Column Designs

17 Roman Aqueduct Pont Du Gard, Nimes, France Brick and Stone c. 14 CE 900 in length x 160 in height Early Roman Empire Architecture

18 Collosseum Rome Concrete c. 80 CE All three orders of Greek Architecture are used here. Third level : Corinthian Second Level : Ionic First Level : Doric

19 Pantheon Rome Early Empire CE Brick and concrete similar Early Roman Empire Architecture

20 Under the Portico of the Pantheon Rome CE Early Roman Empire Architecture

21 The Pantheon Rome Early Empire CE Concrete coffered ceiling w/ oculus 15-19

22 Construction Designs

23 Romanesque Architecture Cathedrals St. Sernin Cathedral Toulouse, France CE St. Etienne Cathedral interior Vignory, France CE Floor Plan

24 Gothic Architecture Notre Dame Cathedral (Apse) Paris, France Detail CE Notre Dame Floor Plan Apse Flying Buttresses Notre Dame Facade

25 Gothic Architecture Cathedrals Ribbed Vaulted Ceiling (Example) Amiens Cathedral Amiens, France Begun 1220 CE

26 Islamic Architeture Great Mosque (interior) Cordoba, Spain CE Great Mosque dome Mosque : from the Arab word masjad meaning a place of kneeling

27 Buddhist Architecture Buddhist Stupa Sanchi, India

28 The Rotunda Vicenza, Italy c Proscenium of the Teatro Olimpico Vicenza, Italy c The Renaissance in Italy The High Renaissance House Pilladio

29 Louis Sullivan Carson Pirie Scott Building Chicago, IL Steel Structure Late 19th & early 20th Century Architecture Art Nouveau Decorative Details in wrought-iron above entrance and elsewhere

30 The Rotunda Vicenza, Italy c Proscenium of the Teatro Olimpico Vicenza, Italy c The Renaissance in Italy The High Renaissance House Pilladio

31 Katsura Palace Kyoto, Japan c Traditional Japanese Architecture

32 Late19th & early 20th Century Architecture Frank Lloyd Wright The Robie House Chicago, IL Falling Water Bear Run. PA

33 Casa Mila Barcelona, Spain Antonio Gaudi Art Nouveau Architecture

34 Antonio Gaudi Park Guell Barcelona, Spain Art Nouveau Architecture

35 Antonio Gaudi Casa Battlo Barcelona, Spain Architecture

36 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Seagram Building NYC Modern Architecture - International Style

37 Buckminster Fuller Geodesic Dome Structure c 1950 The Building Truss 20th Century Architecture Prefab design and structure

38 Geodesic Biosphere Montreal Worlds Fair of 1967 Buckminster Fuller Architecture Buckminster Fuller Stamp Geodesic Urban Dome of the future Geodesic Sphere Epcot Center Orlando, FL

39 21st Century Architecture Murphy & Mackey, architects Climatron Missouri Botanical Garden Geodesic structure + Dale Chihuly blown glass sculpture

40 Notre Dame du Haut Ronchamp, France th Century Architecture Le Corbusier Villa Savoie Poissy, France 1929

41 20th Century Architecture Joern Utzon Opera House Sydney, Australia

42 Frei Otto Olympic Village Tent Structures Munich, Germany th Century Architecture Suspension and Tensile Construction

43 Walt Disney Concert Hall Los Angelos, CA 2003 Contemporary Architecture Frank Gehry

44 Corcoran Gallery proposal (model) Washington, DC Model made of Gatorboard, basswood, silver paper, Plexiglas, and acetate 30 x 41 x 72 Contemporary Architecture Frank Gehry Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain 1997

45 End of Chapter 2


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