2ANCIENT EGYPTThe theme of Egyptian architecture is: The Focus on the afterlifePyramids were built mostly by slaves to serve as tombs when the Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs died.There are 138 pyramids found in Egypt as of 2008.
3The Great Sphinx in Egypt Surveying the sands of Giza, the great Sphinx has stood guard since about 2500 B.C. The greatest monumental sculpture in the ancient world, the Sphinx is carved out of a single ridge of stone 240 feet (73 meters) long and 66 feet (20 meters) high. It represent the body of a lion with the head of a king or a god.
4Ziggurats Ancient Mesopotamia These were temples not tombs. Kings built these temples to perform religious ceremonies.Scientists have discovered 19 ziggurats and we know of 10 more through literature.Ancient Mesopotamia
5Greek Art and Architecture The ParthenonGreek Art and ArchitectureBuilt in the city of Athens and dedicated to the goddess Athena.Greek life was dominated by religion, their buildings were dedicated to the Gods.The column is a common feature in their structures.Their art tries to portray the human body “in motion” and “the beauty” of humans.They used marble and limestone to build these structures.Ancient Greece
6Famous Greek Structures The Dodoni Greek TheaterThe Temple of Poseidon
7Ancient Rome The Coliseum Roman Aqueducts Completed in the year 80 A.D. by the emperor Vespasian.The coliseum seated 55,000 spectators and was used to entertain the Romans.Built to carry water from lakes to the Roman cities. The Arch was used for support.The aqueducts provided Romans with a constant flow of water for their needs.Ancient Rome
8One of 1000’s of roads the Romans built by their army. The remains of the famous Roman ForumThe Verona Arena built to seat up to 30,000 people.The Baalbek temple built in Lebanon.More Roman Structures
9Ruins from the ancient city of Pompeii Ruins from the ancient city of Pompeii. Destroyed by Mount Vesuvius in background.Theater built in 16 B.C. in Merida (seats 6,000)Notice how the Romans portrayed the human body.
10Byzantium Empire Basilica of San Vitale Hagia Sophia Built in 537; has been a church, mosque and museum. Located in Istanbul, Turkey.Byzantine cathedral built in 547 in Italy.Byzantium Empire
11Byzantine Influence in Russia St. Basil Cathedral Moscow 1561The Hermitage St. Petersburg 1764Byzantine Influence in Russia
12Famous Ancient Structures in Asia The Great Wall of China built over 2000 years to protect China from outside invaders.Angkor Wat is the largest Hindu temple in the world. Located in Cambodia it was built in the 12 century.
13Famous Ancient Structures in Asia Forbidden City: built in 1406 in China during the Ming dynasty, has over 1000 buildings and was home to the emperor.The Shwedagon Pagoda located in Myanmar is over 2500 years old and is one of the most sacred Buddhist temples in Asia.
14Famous Ancient Structures in Asia The Taj Mahal in Arga, India was built by emperor Shah Jahan for his wife. It took 20,000 workers and was completed in 1653.The Potala Palace, located in Tibet was built in 1659 is the highest elevated Buddhist temple in the world.
15Architecture of the Middle Ages Chartres Cathedral in France (1193)Architecture of the Middle Ages
16Cathedrals of the Middle Ages Notre Dame de Paris Paris, France Built in 1163Cologne Cathedral Cologne, Germany Built in 1248Cathedrals of the Middle Ages
17Salisbury Cathedral Salisbury, England Built in 1258 A new style of architecture emerged in Europe during the Middle Ages. Some common traits of these Medieval churches included:A. Stained glass windowsB. High vaulted ceilingsC. Tall arches and spiresD. Heavy roofs with thick walls.Cathedrals were built in all European cities and represented the wealth of the church.
18More examples of Middle Age Architecture The Leaning Tower of Pisa (Italy)Mont Saint Michel (France)More examples of Middle Age Architecture
19Castles of the Middle Ages Tower of London London, England Built in 1078Windsor Castle Berkshire, England Built in 1086Castles of the Middle Ages
21European Renaissance Architecture Santa Maria del Fiore Florence, Italy (1446)St. Peters BasilicaVatican City (1506)* Worlds largest churchEuropean Renaissance Architecture
22Renaissance Architecture Architects were inspired by the highly symmetrical and carefully proportioned buildings of Classical Greece and Rome.Features of Renaissance buildings:- Symmetrical arrangement of windows and doors.- Extensive useof columns and pilasters.- Arches- Domes- Sculptures
24Architecture from the Enlightenment Period 1600 - 1800 Architecture was marked by a return to the intrinsic dignity of what a contemporary called "the noble simplicity and tranquil loftiness of the ancients.“Classical style had resisted baroque influences, the great country houses of the nobility now exhibited a purity of design, which often included a portico with Corinthian columns.Architecture from the Enlightenment Period
25History and How the Palace of Versailles was constructed
26Architecture in the Americas: Pre-Columbus Machu Picchu (The Incas)Chichen Itza (The Mayans)Tenochtitlan (The Aztecs)Architecture in the Americas: Pre-Columbus
27Famous Structures in the United States Mount RushmoreStatue of LibertyFamous Structures in the United States
28Famous Structures in the United States Golden Gate BridgeEmpire State BuildingFamous Structures in the United States
29Famous Structures in the United States St. Louis ArchWashington MonumentFamous Structures in the United States
30Famous modern works around the world In the United Kingdom
33We are still learning about… Man Made StructuresWe are still learning about…
34Easter Island (Pacific Ocean) Built around 13th to 15th centuries StonehengeAmesbury, EnglandBuilt around 2600 B.C.Easter Island HeadsEaster Island (Pacific Ocean)Built around 13th to 15th centuries
35The Great Zimbabwe Ruins “The three buried ancient circles in Turkey” Built around the 11th century“The three buried ancient circles in Turkey”Built long before Stonehenge in Southern Turkey these ancient relics still pose questions for scientists.
36Some pictures of the world’s tallest structures And Finally…Some pictures of the world’s tallest structures