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M. Ryan Academic Decathlon 2005-06 Architecture
The art and science of designing and constructing buildings Architecture
Architects: specialists in designing structures Architecture
One of the early architectural developments was the use of the “post-and-lintel” method A beam is placed horizontally across upright posts.
Architecture Ancient Greek “Orders” (styles): composed of a shaft, capital, and base. (click me) http://www.bozzle.com/perClassicOrders.html
Architecture Entablature: the top of an order; includes the architrave, frieze, and cornice. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/~grout/encyclopaedia_romana/architecture/entablature.html
Architecture Other key developments include the arch, http:// www.arlington.k12.va.us/schools/drew/a&a/theromans.htm
Architecture the vault, http:// www.arlington.k12.va.us/schools/drew/a&a/theromans.htm
Architecture and the dome (my personal favorite). http:// www.arlington.k12.va.us/schools/drew/a&a/theromans.htm
Architecture The arch was a purely Roman invention. An arch is often made up of small stones called voussoir and a large central stone called a keystone.
Architecture A series of columns is called a colonnade. A series of arches is called an arcade.
Architecture The arch, vault, and dome are variations of the same concept that allowed for greater height and more space inside a building.
Architecture The Romans were great engineers. They developed concrete as a building material, which was used in building aqueducts, baths, and other public works projects.
Architecture http://www.m-w.com/mw/art/flyingbu.htm Flying Buttress: external arch that counter- balanced the outward thrust of the high, vaulted ceilings.
Architecture During the Industrial Revolution, many new materials were developed: glass-- Crystal Palace (1851) http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1158.htm
Architecture and wrought iron: The Eiffel Tower
Modern Architecture Antonio Gaudi: Spanish architect– no flat surface or straight lines (organic) http://www.lexised.com/architecture/gaudi/casam.html
Antonio Gaudi’s most famous building: “La Sagrada Familia” Modern Architecture
The 1 st skyscraper was made in St. Louis, MO by Louis Sullivan who coined the expression “form follows function”.
Modern Architecture Frank Lloyd Wright: American architect; carefully considered the environment where the building was to be constructed. “Falling Water” More Wright
Modern Architecture Steel and concrete are the favored materials for commercial type construction. Wood and brick are the favored materials for residential construction.
Dennis Raymond P. Maturan CHSM 2010 Comprehending Architecture.
Architecture. The art and science of designing, erecting and constructing buildings. Architecture.
Structure provides constructional support to an architectural piece. The main types of structure are: – Post-and-Lintel – __________________ – Bearing.
Objectives You will understand that architectural design is composed of elements. You will know the definitions of these elements. You will be able to.
Architecture The art of sheltering people both physically and spiritually from the raw elements of the unaltered world Vertical Horizontal.
Chapter 3 Architecture. Architecture and Human Needs 1.Some buildings are designed to shelter life (house, apartment buildings) 2.House Governments (Capitol.
Opener: Art of Shelter Preview (your own paper) Read the section entitled “Architecture: The Art of Shelter” on pgs in The Adventures of the Human.
ARCH PRESENTATION MADE BY: KARELIA DIAZ VANESSA QUINTERO.
Styles of Architecture. What is Architecture? Architecture is the art and profession of designing buildings. The word Architecture (Greek) has a historical.
Modern Architecture: Form & Function Breaking from the past (away from arches, columns, etc.) New architecture required new materials: steel and metal-
Greek, Roman and Middle Ages What are the Three Orders of Greek Architecture? Columns in Ancient Greece are of three orders: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
modern traditional Picture 1 is a bridge that looks like a bow or a moon. I saw some statues on the bridge. Pre-reading.
Welcome Back! JOURNALS – next due date! CALENDAR – other upcoming events! ARCHITECTURE – PowerPoint and Notes ARCHITECTURE POSTER: Work in groups at your.
(briefly ). Architecture has at its beginnings caves and huts fashioned by people as shelters for their families. It wasn’t till the civilizations of.
Unit3 Art and architecture The Temple of Heaven.
The Late Nineteenth Century. The Crystal Palace, 1851.
Post and Lintel Ana Cristina Ayala. Table of Content Introduction Definitions: Lintel Post History Conclusion.
Which building would you prefer to study in? Go through the text and match the main idea with each part. Part 1 (para1-2) Part 2 (para3-5) Part 3 (para6-8)
Unit 3 Reading text Which ones are modern architecture?
UNIT #1 EXAM - KEY Place your name on your paper! Label and date your test paper. View each slide Identify the image by choosing from the answer options.
Buildings are as individual and interesting as are people. Like people, some buildings are small and delicate, some are tall and thin, and others are.
What are similarities and differences between Greek and Roman art?
Greek Art Mr. Boudman Chapter 8. Greek Architecture Greek temples were dwellings for Gods who portrayed humans Gods supposedly controlled the universe.
Chapter 1 Architectural History and Styles Development of Architectural Forms Bearing walls Solid walls that provide support for each other and for the.
Introduction Definition History Post Bean Span Material Relations Cantilever Beans Failures Conclusion.
Roman and Greek Art and Architecture Standard
Building Materials Architecture Humanities Adkins.
Roman Architecture. Overview Beginnings based on Greek design Developed their own style through the use of arches, vaults, and domes The development.
American Architecture Jorge López My Noteworthy Buildings.
(briefly). Architecture has at its beginnings caves and huts fashioned by people as shelters for their families. It wasn’t till the civilizations of Ancient.
Turn of the Century American Architecture ( ) By Laura Proctor, Amy Johnson, and Kate Matney.
Rome: Architecture, Engineering and Art CHW3M. Architecture in the Republic Temples Blend of Etruscan engineering with Greek influence Emphasis on façade.
Chapters 13, 14 and 15 Early Medieval, Romanesque and Gothic Art.
Ninoska Ruiz. Sarahy Carrillo.. Definition. History. Elements and parts of arch. Types of arches according to the form of the intrados. Construction.
Skyscraper Basics The term “skyscraper” was coined in the 1880s, shortly after the first tall buildings were constructed in the United States – but the.
Roman Architecture The Roman Arch Keystone Cement.
Organic & Beyond. Frank Lloyd Wright Art Glass & Furnishings.
Modern Architecture Taihe Dian The Temple of Heaven.
BELL RINGERS – 3/5 M.Socrative.com – Room #38178 Questions: 1. What were Post-Impressionism subjects similar to? 2. Who painted in the Pointillism style?
Prairie Style Architecture CEA Student © 2010 Project Lead The Way, Inc.Civil Engineering and Architecture.
1) EALRY CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE 2) ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE 3) THE CAROLINIAN, OTTONIAN AND ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE 4) GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE.
Our word architecture comes from the Greek architecton This means “master carpenter” Early Greek architecture employed wood, not stone. These.
Chapter 16: Twentieth Century Architecture 16.1 Modernism 16.2 Post-Modernism In the twentieth century, heavy structures of wood and stone which were used.
Roman Architecture Arches The Romans used arches to support the things they built. They built victory arches, buildings and aqueducts.
Historical Background The buildings found in Rome at the peak of its power, were large and impressive These included theaters, baths, temples, libraries,
ROMAN ART Purposeful vs. Enjoyable All art is a creative expression of an idea or belief. Some art serves a purpose. Other art is created simply to enjoy.
American Housing Styles Interior Design II. Georgian Named for King George’s Named for King George’s Imported from England Imported from England (originals.
1. During the Roman republic, the Romans used Temple Architecture. › They blended Etruscan & Greek features › Put the most emphasis on the front of.
Roman Architecture Arches The Romans built arches for support of their structures. The Romans built arches into all their buildings such as aqueducts.
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