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What Is Leadership? Leadership

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Presentation on theme: "What Is Leadership? Leadership"— Presentation transcript:

1 What Is Leadership? Leadership
The ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals. The process of providing direction, enerzising others, and obtaining their voluntary commitment to the leader’s vision. A leader creates a vision and goals, and influences others to share the vision and work toward the goals

2 Trait Theories Traits Theories of Leadership Leadership Traits:
Theories that consider personality, social, physical, or intellectual traits to differentiate leaders from nonleaders. Leadership Traits: Competent Forward looking Inspiring Ambition and energy The desire to lead Honest and integrity Self-confidence Intelligence High self-monitoring Job-relevant knowledge

3 3 basic tasks Leaders Managers
Deciding what Setting a direction Planning & Budgeting Needs to be done (vision & strategies) Creating Network Make people accept Organizing & staffing & relationship the vision (Communication, (structuring orgn) credibility, empowerment) Ensuring people Inspiring people Motivating, do the job (creating involvement, Controlling values , informal network)

4 Behavioral Theories Theories proposing that specific behaviors differentiate leaders from nonleaders. Trait theory: Leaders are born, not made. Behavioral theory: Leadership traits can be taught.

5 University of Michigan Studies
Employee-Oriented Leader Emphasizing interpersonal relations; taking a personal interest in the needs of employees and accepting individual differences among members. Production-Oriented Leader One who emphasizes technical or task aspects of the job.

6 Leadership Grid 1 2 P 3 e 4 o 5 p 6 l 7 e 8 CC(1,9) TM(9,9) 9/ 1
9/ 1 IM(1,1) P 3 r 4 o 5 d 6 u 7 c 8 tion 9 AC(9,1)

7 High Democratic Low Initiating Autocratic Structure C
O Human Relations N S I D E Democratic R A Laissez-faire T I O N Low Initiating Autocratic Structure

8 Scandinavian Studies Development-Oriented Leader
One who values experimentation, seeking new ideas, and generating and implementing change. Researchers in Finland and Sweden question whether there are only two dimensions (production-orientation and employee-orientation) that capture the essence of leadership behavior. Their premise is that in a changing world, effective leaders would exhibit development-oriented behavior.

9 Contingency Theories Fiedler’s Contingency Model
The theory that effective groups depend on a proper match between a leader’s style of interacting with subordinates and the degree to which the situation gives control and influence to the leader.

10 Fiedler’s Model: Defining the Situation
Leader-Member Relations The degree of confidence, trust, and respect subordinates have in their leader. Task Structure The degree to which the job assignments are procedurized. Position Power Influence derived from one’s formal structural position in the organization; includes power to hire, fire, discipline, promote, and give salary increases.

11 Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership Theory
Situational Leadership Theory (SLT) A contingency theory that focuses on followers’ readiness. Unable and Unwilling Unable but Willing Able and Unwilling Able and Willing Follower readiness: ability and willingness Leader: decreasing need for support and supervision Supportive Participative Directive High Task and Relationship Orientations Monitoring

12 Leadership Styles and Follower Readiness (Hersey and Blanchard)
Unwilling Willing Supportive Participative Able Monitoring Leadership Styles High Task and Relationship Orientations Unable Directive

13 Path-Goal Theory Path-Goal Theory
The theory that it is the leader’s job to assist followers in attaining their goals and to provide them the necessary direction and/or support to ensure that their goals are compatible with the overall objectives of the group or organization.

14 Leader-Participation Model
Leader-Participation Model (Vroom and Yetton) A leadership theory that provides a set of rules to determine the form and amount of participative decision making in different situations.

15 Transactional Leader Transactional leader – A leader who apply task and relationship behaviors to influence people to do what they want to achieve orgl. goals. Problem solvers – skilled to getting things done. They work through social and emotional behaviors to energize people. Implementers – engaze in planning, organizing and making decisions. They are rational, systematic and highly organized.

16 Transformational leader
Transformational leader: A leader who enerzies others with vision and strategies of how to refocus and revitailze the larger organ. So that change meets people’s enduring needs. Pathfinder- An entrepreneurial and charismatic leader who is a visionary and dreamer concerned with pointing out pointing to where an organization ought to try to go.

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