Negative Tú Commands and Review of Affirmative Tú Commands Take Notes in Grammar Section Please!
First a Review How do you give an affirmative tú command with regular verbs? What are the irregular tú commands? Watch the following video to see affirmative commands in action:
Do you remember how to give an affirmative command? How do you form the regular tú commands? What are the irregular tú commands? See the following video to see commands in action. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bFc2x52zwJA&feature= related
Negative Tú Commands 8To form negative tú commands with regular verbs, we drop the o of the present- tense yo form and add the following endings:
Negative Tú Commands HABLAR hablo habl es No hables ahora
Negative Tú Commands COMER como com as No comas eso.
Negative Tú Commands ABRIR abro abr as No abras esa puerta.
Negative Tú Commands 8The same rule applies to verbs whose present tense yo form ends in –go, -zco, -yo, and –jo.
Negative Tú Commands 8SALIR 8No salgas si estás enferma.
Negative Tú Commands 8OFRECER 8No les ofrezcas comida basura a tus amigos.
Negative Tú Commands 8ESCOGER 8No escojas comida con mucha grasa.
Negative Tú Commands 8Notice that -ar verbs take the ending -es and that -er verbs take the ending -as. 8In stem-changing verbs the stem change remains.
Negative Tú Commands 8No enciendas el horno. 8No añadas demasiado sal. 8No pongas los camarones en la sartén todavía.
Negative Tú Commands 8Verbs ending in -car, -gar, and -zar have the following spelling changes in negative tú commands in order to maintain the original sound.
Negative Tú Commands TOCAR tocotoques No toques el piano. -car (c…qu)
Negative Tú Commands LLEGAR llegollegues No llegues tarde. -gar (g…gu)
Negative Tú Commands CRUZAR cruzocruces No cruces aquí. -zar (z…c)
Negative Tú Commands 8Some verbs, such as ir, ser, dar, and estar have irregular negative tú command forms.
Negative Tú Commands 8Dar 8Estar 8Ir 8Ser 8No des 8No estés 8No vayas 8No seas
Negative Tú Commands 8Remember that pronouns are attached to affirmative commands.
Negative Tú Commands 8If the pronoun is added to a command form that has two or more syllables, write an accent mark on the syllable stressed in the present tense.
Negative Tú Commands 8¿Pico las cebollas? (Picar- to chop or dice)
Negative Tú Commands 8With negative commands, pronouns always go right before the verb.
Negative Tú Commands See page 186 in text 8¿Pico los tomates también? 8No, no los piques.