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What can we learn about Greek soldiers? They were infantrymen(fought on foot) Fought in organized regiments…used the same weapons in the same way Given.

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Presentation on theme: "What can we learn about Greek soldiers? They were infantrymen(fought on foot) Fought in organized regiments…used the same weapons in the same way Given."— Presentation transcript:

1 What can we learn about Greek soldiers? They were infantrymen(fought on foot) Fought in organized regiments…used the same weapons in the same way Given military training Was a disciplined fighter at a time when other warriors in Europe fought as a loose mob of undisciplined individuals Ancestors of todays armies

2 Hoplites Not a full time paid soldier Usually a farmer or merchant Both rich and poor expected to fight If a man enjoyed the privileges of a city he should be prepared to fight to defend it

3 The soldiers wore breastplates(called cuirass), helmets, and greaves to protect their legs. Their shields were carefully packed away until needed. This vase painting shows a boy bringing a shield in ready for use while another helps a soldier with his greaves. The greaves were split up the back to protect the legs.

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6 A Greek soldier wore a linen shirt with metal armour plates on the shoulders. A bronze breastplate covered his chest and stomach, and greaves (shin guards) covered his legs. He wore a bronze helmet with a tall crest on his head. The hoplite carried a shield and a spear(called a dory). Around his waist was a belt with a short sword (called a xiphos). Hoplites fought in a close formation(called a phalanx). Greek soldiers had to pay for their own armour and weapons. If you could not afford to buy armour and weapons you could still serve in the army as a stone-thrower or archer.

7 The British Museum, reproduced in Primary History, Ancient Greeks (ISBN ) Ancient Art and Architecture Collection reproduced in Collins Primary History, Ancient Greece (ISBN )

8 A modern drawing of a Persian soldier from Investigating History, Ancient Greece by Peter Kent and Sue Cosson (ISBN ) A Persian Soldier Spear Padded Jacket Bow Quiver of arrows


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