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Armor looks like scales of fish Used both shields and spears Equipped swords for their sub- weapon Pilium
Lighter armor, big circular shield Most of equitas were hired soldiers Minority of army
Required Roman citizenship Used spear, and sub- weapon was sword Wore plate armor
Wooden shield, javelin Wore animal skin, or metal helmet Superior velites with better armor called ‘Auxiliary’
37 B.C ~ 668 A.D Monarch – governed Adapted Buddhism Huge influence over ancient Asia
Covering body with strong metal Destroyed formation of opponent’s troops Small number of selected people W…WOW
Less – equipped than Gaemamusa. Attacked side of the army, escaping soldiers Some of them were archeries.
Length of spear was 3~4 meter. Attacked horse soldiers Some spearmen used short, curved spear
Length of axe was (estimation) 1 meter Attacked spearmen, heavily – armed soldiers Used swords as their sub – weapon Excavated axe Recovered shape
Used swords of 1.2m and small shield. Protected horsemen from side Trained for rough hand – to –hand fight
Usually placed at the back of soldier line Attacked foot soldier and horsemen Some of them used crossbows.
Formation against horsemen Form square that guard every course Put gladius between shield and shield
Throwing pilum to their opponents Specially trained to throw pilum Covered bottom and put spears
Most common formation Used to thrust opponent
One of the most famous formation Used to approach castle Not used commonly Exorbitantly strong Incredible speed
Many documents related to tactics of the Goguryeo were eliminated due to bad preservation and war.
Gaemamusa rush to side of opponent
While Gaemamusa fighting, horsemen attack center of opponent
Mounted troops pass enemy’s army
When horsemen penetrated opponent, rest of army begin attack
Then, all soldiers assault in 4 directions, and archers supports from behind
Speed Tactics Defense Offense Some other points
Rome 33km per day Goguryeo 72km per day
Basically breastplate Resistant to swords Weak at spear, axe, and arrows Very good to move
Covering from head to foot Resistant to swords and arrows
Advanced standoff weapon Enough to smash formation These were the cheat, actually
At mountain, overwhelmingly superior Advanced weapons Tactically predominant
We don’t know who is stronger until they actually fight!
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