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Greco-Persian Wars The Last Stand of the 300
Cyrus the Great Expanded Persia into the largest and most successful of the Middle East empires.
Greek City-States Greece pop’n ~ 600 000… Persian Empire consisting of millions of different people.
Ionian Revolt 499 BCE – Greek colonists revolt Athenians show up to help the Ionians and burn the Persian city to the ground.
Failed Revenge at Marathon Darius sends a fleet of 30 000 Persians to attack the Greeks. The Greeks form a defensive line and stand strong.
Persian King Xerxes groomed to be a warrior king, for 10 years he planned his vengeful attack on Greece.
The Battle of Thermopylae The battle that would determine the course of western civilization and the fate of democracy
Land Battle At Thermopylae, a perfect battlefield for the Greeks, as it is a very narrow pass in which the army has to get through.
Spartans & Athenians Spartan King – Leonidas –was the general in charge
Naval Battle 200 Greek warships attempt to defend the strait, led by Themistocles… The Persian navy outnumbers them with 800 ships
Persian Technology Xerxes planned on walking his troops across a body of water called the Hellespont – a mile wide strip of water
Dual Attack Xerxes has marched nearly 300 000 men accompanied by 100 warships… in an attempt to sack Athens.
Greek Weaponry The Hoplites primary weapon is the 2-4lb “dory” – a spear with an iron butt on its back end.
Greek Weaponry The xiphos – sword made specifically for thrusting and hacking
Greek Weaponry Hoplon –shield made from a concave piece of wood and covered in bronze – weighed about 20 pounds.
Greek Weaponry Corinthian helmet –made from a single piece of bronze, offering maximum protection, but weighed about 10 pounds
Greek Weaponry Lamellar armour –strips of heavy linen, leather all sewn together could withstand an arrow… not a spear thrust.
Persian Weaponry Archers used Persian bows made of date palm wood.
Day One On land, 300 Spartans and their Greek allies killed thousands of Persians by the end of the first day.
Day One On water, 200 Greek warships vs 800 Persian ships Greek naval battles were about maneuvering the ships so you could ram and sink your enemy
Day Two The “Immortals” - on land, these “faceless and mute” Persian strongmen also fail to defeat the Greek forces.
Day Two Themistocles is still outnumbered 5 to 1, but the Greek triremes continue to destroy Persian warships
Persian Wars Introduction
– Ionian Revolt 498 BC – A revolt broke out on the Ionian Peninsula when Darius I started consolidating Persia's western conquests near the Aegean sea.
Victory & Defeat in the Greek World Page 110. “Earth and Water” In 492 B.C. King Darius I of Persia demanded “earth and water” from the Greek city-states.
Victory & Defeat in the Greek World
Classical Greece Chapter 4 Section BCE – 338 BCE.
The Persian Wars. 500 B.C.E B.C.E. The “Persian Wars” were a series of wars between the Greek world and the Persian.
The War with Persia As the Athenians expanded, they came into conflict with the Persian Empire. –In 499BC, the Athenians helped cities under Persian control.
The Persian War. Cause Persian Empire included Greek city- states in Ionia (present day Turkey) Persian Empire included Greek city- states in Ionia (present.
BELLWORK What were the themes of Greek society? How were those incorporated into Greek culture? Explain the advances made in Greek drama. How did Greek.
BELLWORK What is a polis?
THE PERSIAN WARS.
Section 3 (continued) The Persian Wars.
All notes that have to be written are in RED
Chapter 28. Persian Wars – (4:27) From 499 – 479 B.C.E. Athens and Sparta had.
Athens and Sparta Unite 499 – 479 B.C.E.
THE PERSIAN WARS. PERSIAN EMPIRE & IONIAN REVOLT Largest empire of that time How did they keep order? – Divided into 20 different provinces – Tax collection.
From Homer to Alexander the Great
The Persian Wars “If the Persians darken the sun, we’ll be able to fight in the shade.”
What were the traditional battle formations used in warfare? Individual combats Group ambush but no organized formation.
By: Mr. Tsolomitis. Athens and Sparta were not always enemies Common foe: the Persians between 499 and 479 B.C.E. Largest empire the world had ever.
The Persian Wars. Marathon The cause of this battle was the fact that the Persian king Darius wanted to punish Athens for their role in the Ionian revolt,
War in Ancient Greece. The Persian Wars Darius invades Greece – 490 B.C.E. 20,000 Persian soldiers land on Marathon near Athens – Persians out numbered.
PERSIAN WARS CHALLENGE
4.3 Persia Attacks the Greeks. The Persian Empire.
By Mr. Fitzpatrick The students will learn the causes of the Persian Wars. The students will be able to describe the major phases of the Persian Wars.
Fighting the Persian Wars
Persian War BC. Battle of Marathon (490): Between Greece & Persian Empire, ~Persia had control of lands & Greek civilians revolted ~ Athens sent.
The Greeks at War! Between 500 and 400 B.C. the Greeks fought several wars. Two were against the powerful Persian Empire to the east of Greece. Then a.
The Persian War Detail of Persian Campaigns. Difference Between Persia, Greece Persians Absolute monarchy, centered on Persian “King of Kings” Empire.
Title page Page 50 Government quick write Answer the questions: Of the 4 types of government (Democracy, tyranny, monarchy or oligarchy), which would you.
4.3 Persia Attacks the Greeks
Chapter 4-3 Notes: Persia attacks Greece
The Real 300: The Battle of Thermopylae
The Challenge of the Persians Greek History. Athens Upsets Persia Greeks Spread east and comes in contact with Persian Empire Ionian Greeks conquered.
Detail of Persian Campaigns
The Persian Wars War in Ancient Greece.
Previously… 500 BC: A rebellion against Darius in Ionia is supported by the Greek city-state of Athens 492 BC: Darius launches an invasion of Greece.
Greek Warfare Spreading Democracy through the sword!
The Greeks. Persians had always tried to over take the Greek city- states. 546 BC, Cyrus took over the Ionians (colonies along Asia minor coast) Ionians.
Greece and Persia Persia’s Background Started off as a group of unorganized, nomadic people. Grew into a large empire thanks to Cyrus the Great. –Cyrus.
Satrapies—provinces of Persia Satrap—ruled each satrapies—”protector of the kingdom” Zoroastrianism—Persian Religion. Believed in one God—humans.
Students will define the vocabulary associated with Chapter 4.3 Wednesday, October 9, 2013.
Phalanx Formation The Greeks.
A Short History of Greek Warfare. Round 1: Greeks vs. Persians 500 BC – Persians ran most of the known World Culture Clash!?!? Cyrus the Great (540 BC)
Greece and Persia Chapter 5 Section 4. I Persia Becomes an Empire While Athenians created a Dem, the Persian Empire was rising in the east – Began as.
The Battle of Salamis.
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