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Greco-Persian Wars The Last Stand of the 300. Cyrus the Great Expanded Persia into the largest and most successful of the Middle East empires.

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Presentation on theme: "Greco-Persian Wars The Last Stand of the 300. Cyrus the Great Expanded Persia into the largest and most successful of the Middle East empires."— Presentation transcript:

1 Greco-Persian Wars The Last Stand of the 300

2 Cyrus the Great Expanded Persia into the largest and most successful of the Middle East empires.

3 Greek City-States Greece pop’n ~ … Persian Empire consisting of millions of different people.

4 Ionian Revolt 499 BCE – Greek colonists revolt Athenians show up to help the Ionians and burn the Persian city to the ground.

5 Failed Revenge at Marathon Darius sends a fleet of Persians to attack the Greeks. The Greeks form a defensive line and stand strong.

6 Persian King Xerxes groomed to be a warrior king, for 10 years he planned his vengeful attack on Greece.

7 The Battle of Thermopylae The battle that would determine the course of western civilization and the fate of democracy

8 Land Battle At Thermopylae, a perfect battlefield for the Greeks, as it is a very narrow pass in which the army has to get through.

9 Spartans & Athenians Spartan King – Leonidas –was the general in charge

10 Naval Battle 200 Greek warships attempt to defend the strait, led by Themistocles… The Persian navy outnumbers them with 800 ships

11 Persian Technology Xerxes planned on walking his troops across a body of water called the Hellespont – a mile wide strip of water

12 Dual Attack Xerxes has marched nearly men accompanied by 100 warships… in an attempt to sack Athens.

13 Greek Weaponry The Hoplites primary weapon is the 2-4lb “dory” – a spear with an iron butt on its back end.

14 Greek Weaponry The xiphos – sword made specifically for thrusting and hacking

15 Greek Weaponry Hoplon –shield made from a concave piece of wood and covered in bronze – weighed about 20 pounds.

16 Greek Weaponry Corinthian helmet –made from a single piece of bronze, offering maximum protection, but weighed about 10 pounds

17 Greek Weaponry Lamellar armour –strips of heavy linen, leather all sewn together could withstand an arrow… not a spear thrust.

18 Persian Weaponry Archers used Persian bows made of date palm wood.

19 Day One On land, 300 Spartans and their Greek allies killed thousands of Persians by the end of the first day.

20 Day One On water, 200 Greek warships vs 800 Persian ships Greek naval battles were about maneuvering the ships so you could ram and sink your enemy

21 Day Two The “Immortals” - on land, these “faceless and mute” Persian strongmen also fail to defeat the Greek forces.

22 Day Two Themistocles is still outnumbered 5 to 1, but the Greek triremes continue to destroy Persian warships


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