Presentation on theme: "Greek City-states Constantly quarrelling"— Presentation transcript:
1 Greek City-states Constantly quarrelling Formed alliances with one anotherRivalry often led to open conflictInfantryman was the backbone of all armies of different Greek city states
2 What do we know about these Greek soldiers? They were infantrymen(fought on foot)Fought in organized regiments…used the same weapons in the same wayGiven military training according to rules laid down by the governmentWere disciplined fighters at a time when other warriors in Europe fought as a loose mob of undisciplined individualsTrue ancestors of today’s armies
3 Hoplite: means armored man Not a full time paid soldierUsually a farmer or merchantBoth rich and poor expected to fightIf a man enjoyed the privileges of a city he should be prepared to fight to defend it
4 The soldiers wore breastplates(called cuirass), helmets, and greaves to protect their legs. Their shields were carefully packed away until needed. This vase painting shows a boy bringing a shield in ready for use while another helps a soldier with his greaves. The greaves were split up the back to protect the legs.
16 A Greek soldier wore a linen shirt with metal armour plates on the shoulders. A bronze breastplate covered his chest and stomach, and greaves (shin guards) covered his legs. He wore a bronze helmet with a tall crest on his head. The hoplite carried a shield(usually round) and a spear(called a dory). Around his waist was a belt with a short sword (called a xiphos). Hoplites fought in a close formation(called a phalanx). Greek soldiers had to pay for their own armour and weapons. If you could not afford to buy armour and weapons you could still serve in the army as a stone-thrower or archer.
17 The British Museum, reproduced in Primary History, Ancient Greeks (ISBN 1-852766-111-3) Ancient Art and Architecture Collection reproduced in Collins Primary History, Ancient Greece (ISBN )