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Reconnaissance on Mars Creation of a Mars Hangar S. Andrew Ning, Krystle Farnsworth, Rob Gillis, Brian Riddle, David Allred.

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Presentation on theme: "Reconnaissance on Mars Creation of a Mars Hangar S. Andrew Ning, Krystle Farnsworth, Rob Gillis, Brian Riddle, David Allred."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reconnaissance on Mars Creation of a Mars Hangar S. Andrew Ning, Krystle Farnsworth, Rob Gillis, Brian Riddle, David Allred

2 Mars Exploration Assemble and repair machinery: airplanes, ATVs, rovers Assemble and repair machinery: airplanes, ATVs, rovers Imagine doing that work in a Full Pressure Suit Imagine doing that work in a Full Pressure Suit

3 Creation of an Intermediate Environment Allows design of a suit with greater mobility, dexterity, and visibility Allows design of a suit with greater mobility, dexterity, and visibility Mars Homestead M.I.T.

4 95% CO 2, 2.7% N 2, 1.8% Ar,.13% O 2,.07% CO 95% CO 2, 2.7% N 2, 1.8% Ar,.13% O 2,.07% CO Surface pressure is approximate 6-7 millibars Surface pressure is approximate 6-7 millibars Average Temperature = -55°C Average Temperature = -55°C 78% N 2, 21%O 2,.9% Ar,.03% CO 2 78% N 2, 21%O 2,.9% Ar,.03% CO 2 Surface pressure is about 1.01 bar Surface pressure is about 1.01 bar Average Surface Temperature = 15°C Average Surface Temperature = 15°C

5 Biological Concerns Mars has insufficient oxygen (Gas Composition) Mars has insufficient oxygen (Gas Composition) Mars has insufficient vapor pressure (Pressure Regulation) Mars has insufficient vapor pressure (Pressure Regulation) Mars is too cold (Temperature Regulation) Mars is too cold (Temperature Regulation)

6 Solution: Space Suits Full Pressure Suits (FPS) used in past NASA explorations protect against thin atmospheres, low pressures and cold temperatures Full Pressure Suits (FPS) used in past NASA explorations protect against thin atmospheres, low pressures and cold temperatures

7 Ideal Pressure Lower pressure decreases fatigue and increases productivity. Especially gloved hand fatigue. Lower pressure decreases fatigue and increases productivity. Especially gloved hand fatigue. Too low of pressure presents risk of hypoxia. Need to maintain sufficient partial pressure of oxygen in lung alveoli. Too low of pressure presents risk of hypoxia. Need to maintain sufficient partial pressure of oxygen in lung alveoli. Too high of pressure presents risk of oxygen toxicity. Too high of pressure presents risk of oxygen toxicity.

8 Mixed Gas Composition One approach to avoid oxygen toxicity and flammability hazards is to use a mixed gas suit Drawbacks: More expensive to continually monitor both oxygen and nitrogen partial pressure More expensive to continually monitor both oxygen and nitrogen partial pressure Adds weight and volume Adds weight and volume Increases risk for decompression sickness Increases risk for decompression sickness

9 Other Problems How do we do heavy duty work? These Full Pressure Suits (FPS) lack dexterity, mobility, visibility, and are high in energy cost. How do we do heavy duty work? These Full Pressure Suits (FPS) lack dexterity, mobility, visibility, and are high in energy cost. Longevity. FPS take a long time to take on and off. Also need to consider repeated decompression. Longevity. FPS take a long time to take on and off. Also need to consider repeated decompression.

10 Alternative or Supplemental Suits MCP - Mechanical Counter Pressure Suit MCP - Mechanical Counter Pressure Suit Intermediate Environment Suit Intermediate Environment Suit Not gas-tight suit (like a flight suit) Not gas-tight suit (like a flight suit) Oxygen Face Mask Oxygen Face Mask Microwave absorbent material Microwave absorbent material

11 Our Solution: Build a Mars Hangar An intermediate environment can be used to provide external pressure- Compress existing Mars air to >0.5 Bar An intermediate environment can be used to provide external pressure- Compress existing Mars air to >0.5 Bar Sprung Instant Structures

12 Benefits of a Mars Hangar We can increase the pressure while using a thinner suit, so motion is much less restricted We can increase the pressure while using a thinner suit, so motion is much less restricted With a higher pressure we can use mixed gases With a higher pressure we can use mixed gases Can decrease or eliminate decompression time Can decrease or eliminate decompression time Taking suit on and off is much more time efficient Taking suit on and off is much more time efficient Allow us to use local resources to supply and exhaust air – saves on costs Allow us to use local resources to supply and exhaust air – saves on costs Increased mobility makes it much easier to assemble and repair airplanes, ATVs and rovers Increased mobility makes it much easier to assemble and repair airplanes, ATVs and rovers

13 Decompress in Mars Hangar Pre-breathe 100% Oxygen Pre-breathe 100% Oxygen Inert Environment Inert Environment Can still do productive work Can still do productive work

14 Temperature Regulation Long range heating by directed microwaves – minimize bulkiness of suit Long range heating by directed microwaves – minimize bulkiness of suit Deliver the heat energy directly rather than heating empty space, a plus for energy poor environments like Mars Deliver the heat energy directly rather than heating empty space, a plus for energy poor environments like Mars Can be more efficiently reflected than infrared Can be more efficiently reflected than infrared Easier to produce and direct than infrared Easier to produce and direct than infrared

15 Summary Building and operating machinery will be essential in Martian exploration. Building and operating machinery will be essential in Martian exploration. Intermediate environments will be very useful and can be developed by: Intermediate environments will be very useful and can be developed by: Building a Mars air pressurized hangar Building a Mars air pressurized hangar Developing a thin, flexible, low weight, intermediate environment suit Developing a thin, flexible, low weight, intermediate environment suit Using directed heating by microwaves Using directed heating by microwaves Thus, we can provide sufficient pressure, oxygen and temperature while dramatically decreasing the bulkiness of the space suit. This will increase mobility, dexterity and visibility. Thus, we can provide sufficient pressure, oxygen and temperature while dramatically decreasing the bulkiness of the space suit. This will increase mobility, dexterity and visibility. Things will get done! Things will get done!

16 Future Experiments Simulations of work with FPS compared to work with Intermediate Environment Suit Simulations of work with FPS compared to work with Intermediate Environment Suit Materials testing with microwaves Materials testing with microwaves


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