Presentation on theme: "Nouns and articles; the preposition “de”"— Presentation transcript:
1Nouns and articles; the preposition “de” Capítulo 2 – Gramática 2Nouns and articles; the preposition “de”
2Nouns In Spanish, all nouns belong to one of two genders: Masculine nouns usually end in an “-o”Feminine nouns usually end in an “-a”Nouns can also be plural or singular:Singular nouns name 1 of somethingPlural nouns name more than 1 of somethingIf a singular noun ends in a vowel, add “-s” to make it pluralEstudiante => EstudiantesIf a singular noun ends in a consonant, add “-es” to make it pluralAnimal => Animales
3Definite articlesThe definite articles in Spanish can be used to say “the” with a specific nounThey have different forms that agree with their noun in gender and numberMasculineFeminineSingularElLaPluralLosLas
4Definite articles (and indefinite articles) Why do you think el, la, los, and las (which all mean “the”) are called definite articles?What do you think an indefinite article is? Why?The indefinite articles in Spanish all mean “a” or “an”. They are:They define a specific (or definite) noun!It is not specific (not definite)!MasculineFeminineSingularUnUnaPluralUnosUnas
5Definite articlesUse definite articles to talk about a noun as a general category:¿Cómo es la pizza?What’s pizza (in general) like?Also use definite articles when saying what you like with gustar:Es deliciosa. Me gusta la pizza.It’s delicious. I like pizza.
6In Spanish, we do NOT use “apostrophe –s” to show ownership! The preposition “de”De is used to show possession or relationship:Es el carro de Ernesto. It’s Ernesto’s car.Son los amigos de la profesora. They’re the teacher’s friends.De can also be used to indicate what type of thing you’re describing:Los libros de aventuras Adventure booksLas películas de misterio Mystery moviesIn Spanish, we do NOT use “apostrophe –s” to show ownership!
7What are some contractions you can think of in English? The preposition “de”The word de is also used to say where someone is from:Srta. Hansen es de Big Bear. Ms. Hansen is from Big Bear.The preposition de followed by the definite article el makes the contraction delEl libro del profesor. The teacher’s book.What are some contractions you can think of in English?
8PractiquemosIn your notes, write sentences about these things, using words from each column. The articles and adjectives must agree!EstudiantesEspañolDeportesHeladoMúsica mexicanafiestasSerioInteresanteBuenoMaloRománticoAburridoDivertidoFenomenalDeliciosoGraciosoEsSonSomosElLaLosLas
9PractiquemosIn your notes, write a sentence saying what you think each item pictured is like: