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NOUNS AND ARTICLES; THE PREPOSITION DE Capítulo 2 – Gramática 2.

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Presentation on theme: "NOUNS AND ARTICLES; THE PREPOSITION DE Capítulo 2 – Gramática 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 NOUNS AND ARTICLES; THE PREPOSITION DE Capítulo 2 – Gramática 2

2 Nouns In Spanish, all nouns belong to one of two genders: Masculine Masculine nouns usually end in an -o Feminine Feminine nouns usually end in an -a Nouns can also be plural or singular: Singular nouns name 1 of something Plural nouns name more than 1 of something If a singular noun ends in a vowel, add -s to make it plural sEstudiante=>Estudiantes If a singular noun ends in a consonant, add -es to make it plural esAnimal=>Animales

3 Definite articles definite articles The definite articles in Spanish can be used to say the with a specific noun They have different forms that agree with their noun in gender and number MasculineFeminine SingularElLa PluralLosLas

4 Definite articles (and indefinite articles) definite articles Why do you think el, la, los, and las (which all mean the) are called definite articles? indefinite article What do you think an indefinite article is? Why? indefinitearticles The indefinite articles in Spanish all mean a or an. They are: They define a specific (or definite) noun! It is not specific (not definite)! MasculineFeminine SingularUnUna PluralUnosUnas

5 Definite articles definite articles Use definite articles to talk about a noun as a general category: la ¿Cómo es la pizza? Whats pizza (in general) like? definite articles Also use definite articles when saying what you like with gustar: la Es deliciosa. Me gusta la pizza. Its delicious. I like pizza.

6 The preposition de De De is used to show possession or relationship: de Es el carro de Ernesto.Its Ernestos car. de Son los amigos de la profesora.Theyre the teachers friends. De De can also be used to indicate what type of thing youre describing: de Los libros de aventurasAdventure books de Las películas de misterioMystery movies

7 The preposition de de The word de is also used to say where someone is from: de Srta. Hansen es de Big Bear.Ms. Hansen is from Big Bear. de del The preposition de followed by the definite article el makes the contraction del del El libro del profesor.The teachers book.

8 Practiquemos In your notes, write sentences about these things, using words from each column. The articles and adjectives must agree! El La Los Las Estudiantes Español Deportes Helado Música mexicana fiestas Es Son Somos Serio Interesante Bueno Malo Romántico Aburrido Divertido Fenomenal Delicioso Gracioso

9 Practiquemos In your notes, write a sentence saying what you think each item pictured is like:


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