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Repaso de gramática Capítulos uno y dos. Subject Pronouns yoInosotros(as)we tú you vosotros(as)you (all) élheellosthey ellasheellasthey (f.) ustedyou.

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Presentation on theme: "Repaso de gramática Capítulos uno y dos. Subject Pronouns yoInosotros(as)we tú you vosotros(as)you (all) élheellosthey ellasheellasthey (f.) ustedyou."— Presentation transcript:

1 Repaso de gramática Capítulos uno y dos

2 Subject Pronouns yoInosotros(as)we tú you vosotros(as)you (all) élheellosthey ellasheellasthey (f.) ustedyou ustedesyou (all)

3 ser yo soynosotros(as) somos tú eresvosotros(as) sois él esellos son ella esellas son usted esustedes son

4 Acentos If a word ends with a vowel, n or s, the stress falls on the next to the last syllable (no accent needed). If a word ends in a consonant other than n or s, the stress falls on the last syllable (no accent needed). If you hear stress on a syllable other than the last or next to last syllable, an accent is needed.

5 Accents can change meaning. síyes siif túyou tuyour

6 Definite Articles There are four ways to say the in Spanish. elused with a masculine, singular noun la used with a feminine, singular noun los used with a masculine, plural noun las used with a feminine, plural noun

7 Noun-Adjective Agreement All nouns are either masculine or feminine. Adjectives have to agree with nouns in gender and number. Adjectives usually follow nouns. el helado deliciosothe delicious ice cream la muchacha rubiathe blond girl los deportes divertidosthe fun sports las fiestas buenasthe good parties

8 Questions Words ¿Cómo?how, what ¿Cuándo?when ¿Cuánto(a, os, as)how many, how much ¿Quién?who ¿Quiénes?who (plural) ¿Qué?what ¿De dónde?from where ¿Cuál?what, which ¿Por qué?why Remember that porque means because (1 word, no accent).

9 gustar – to like (to be pleasing) Conjugate gustar in the third person singular and plural to say you like something. Remember, unlike English, the subject is what is liked, not who likes it or them. gustagustan

10 gustar Use “the” before the thing that is pleasing. Me gusta la pizza.I like pizza. Me gusta el helado.I like ice cream. Me gustan los deportes.I like sports. Me gustan las fiestas.I like parties.

11 Indirect Object Pronouns me – to menos – to us te – to youos – to you (all) le – to himles – to them to herto them (f.) to youto you (all)

12 Using gustar with pronouns me gustait is pleasing to me I like... te gustait is pleasing to you (singular, familiar) you like... le gustait is pleasing to him, her or you (formal) he, she, you like... nos gustait is pleasing to us we like... os gustait is pleasing to all of you (Spain) you (all) like... les gustait is pleasing to them or you (formal, plural) they like... or you (all) like

13 Making sentences negative. When making a sentence negative, the word no is placed before the verb. No estoy bien.I’m not well. No soy perezoso(a).I’m not lazy. With the verb gustar, no goes before the pronoun. No me gustan las verduras. I don’t like vegetables. ¿No te gusta la pizza?Don’t you like pizza? No, or No. = no No, no me gustan las hamburguesas. No, I don’t like hamburgers.

14 mucho, muy & más Don’t use muy and mucho together. muyvery muchomuch, a lot másmore Soy muy inteligente.I’m very intelligent. Me gusta mucho el helado.I like ice cream a lot. Me gustan más las frutas.I like fruit more.

15 de Use de to say where someone is from, what type of thing it is, or to show possession. (There is no apostrophe s in Spanish.) deof or from Roberto es de México.Roberto is from Mexico. Es el carro de Roberto.It’s Roberto’s car. Es un libro de amor.It’s a romance novel. (It’s a book of love.)

16 de + the When saying of the or from the in Spanish, you must use the correct form of the. de + el become del El videojuego del muchacho es divertido. The boy’s video game is fun. La clase de la profesora es interesante. The teacher’s class is interesting. Los carros de los (or las) estudiantes no son muy buenos. The student’s cars are not very good.


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