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Horticultural Classification Edible cropsEdible crops –Fruits TropicalTropical –Tree fruits –Small fruits SubtropicalSubtropical –Tree fruits –Small fruits TemperateTemperate –Tree fruits –Small fruits
Horticultural Classification Edible cropsEdible crops –Vegetables Cool - seasonCool - season Warm - seasonWarm - season
What fruit crops are native to North America??
Horticultural Classification Ornamental cropsOrnamental crops –Flower and foliage plants Indoor useIndoor use Outside useOutside use –Shrubs and Trees
Horticultural Classification Miscellaneous horticultural cropsMiscellaneous horticultural crops –Drugs Cocaine = from coca leaves (anesthetic) (Erythroxylon coca)Cocaine = from coca leaves (anesthetic) (Erythroxylon coca) Opium = from latex in poppies (pain-killer) (Papaver somniferum)Opium = from latex in poppies (pain-killer) (Papaver somniferum) Codeine & morphine = extracted from opium (pain- killer)Codeine & morphine = extracted from opium (pain- killer) Marijuana/Hemp = stems, leaves & flowers (Cannabis sativa)Marijuana/Hemp = stems, leaves & flowers (Cannabis sativa) Taxol = anti-cancer drug from yew trees/shrubsTaxol = anti-cancer drug from yew trees/shrubs Digitalis = heart medication from foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)Digitalis = heart medication from foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
Horticultural Classification Miscellaneous horticultural cropsMiscellaneous horticultural crops –Drugs Caffeine = from coffee beans = seeds (Coffea arabica)Caffeine = from coffee beans = seeds (Coffea arabica) St. Johns Wort = anti-depressant (Hypericum kalmianum)St. Johns Wort = anti-depressant (Hypericum kalmianum) Ginkgo = memory enhancer(Ginkgo biloba)Ginkgo = memory enhancer (Ginkgo biloba) Echinacea = reduced symptoms of the common cold (Echinacea purpurea = coneflower)Echinacea = reduced symptoms of the common cold (Echinacea purpurea = coneflower) Ginseng = stimulant, multi-purpose (Panax ginseng = Korean and Panax quinquefolius = American)Ginseng = stimulant, multi-purpose (Panax ginseng = Korean and Panax quinquefolius = American)
St. Johns Wort 0.3% hypericin
III. Psychoactive Plants w a) Stimulants w b) Hallucinogens w c) Depressants.
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WORLD OF PLANTS n Many uses for plants: n - (a) Source of food n - (b) Medicines (25% have plant material) –Poppy plant - morphine for pain relief –Foxglove.
Tina Gomes. What is coffee? Coffee is a widely-consumed stimulant beverage prepared from roasted seeds of the coffee plant. Coffee berries are produced.
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