5Important Plants & Uses Vegetable, Fruit & NutForageUse leaves and stems for animal useHay, grasses, legumesOrnamentalTurf, flowers, shrubs, vinesOtherHerbs – non-woody plant used to enhance foodspices – an aromatic plant partmedicinal plants – pain killers, oitments
6The Plant Kingdom Four major groups: Mosses Ferns Gymnosperm “naked seeds”seeds lay on the scales of conesAngiospermsFlowering plantsSeed is enclosed in the fruit
7Flowering Plants Two Classes Monocots Dicots Lilies, grasses, corn and palmsDicotsOaks, cacti, roses and soybeans
8Flowering Plants Monocots Dicots Leaves Flowers Stems Seedlings Long, narrow blades, parallel veinsBroad to narrow leaves with netted veinsFlowersParts in multiples of threeParts in multiples of four or fiveStemsVascular bundles scatteredVascular bundles arranged in circleSeedlingsOne seed leafTwo seed leaves
9Plant Life Cycles Life Cycle Time when a plant begins growth until the time it dies.
10Plant Life Cycles 3 groups Annuals Complete their life cycle within one year.Must replant every year.Corn, soybeans, marigolds, ragweed, zinnias
11Plant Life Cycles Biennials Normally require 2 growing seasons to produce flowers and fruit before dyingHollyhock, parsley, beets, carrots
12Plant Life Cycles Perennials Plants that have a life cycle of more than 2 years.Produce seeds every year for many years.2 typesHerbaceous – soft shoots that are killed by frostDaylilies, tulips, asparagusWoody – wood and buds above ground that survive winterMaple, honeysuckle, grape