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JOINT SERVICE PARACHUTE CENTRE NETHERAVON
To teach you how to achieve a SAFE controlledThe Aim To teach you how to achieve a SAFE controlled descent and landing
Ram Air Parachute System (RAPS)
Ram Air Parachute CharacteristicsHighly manoeuvrable Rectangular in shape Forward speed of mph (depending on body weight) Turns quickly Can glide long distances
How the Canopy Works Aerofoil shape - wing designOpen cell front allows air to be rammed in Produces a Semi-rigid wing Low & high pressure create lift
Ram Air Parachute - Modes of FlightToggle Toggle Toggle Full Drive Half Brakes Full Brakes
How The Canopy Turns Toggles are attached to steering linesSteering lines are attached to the tail
Dangerous close to ground Continuous turns cause fast spiralsFull Depression Turns Rapid loss of height Dangerous close to ground Continuous turns cause fast spirals
Warning Don,t spiral below 1500ft
Simulates a student canopy J/M can determine the correct opening pointWind Drift Indicator Length & weight Thrown from 2500ft Simulates a student canopy J/M can determine the correct opening point
AIRCRAFT RUN IN WIND DIRECTION STUDENT CROSS
AIRCRAFT RUN IN OPENING POINT WIND DIRECTION WDI
HOLDING RUNNING CRABBING WIND LINE
Flight Drills 1. Check canopy 2. Pump brakes twice3. All round observation
LOOK UP AROUND DOWN
Not necessarily over the DZ Use reference points to locate DZ4. Locate the DZ Not necessarily over the DZ Depends on wind speed Use reference points to locate DZ Move to holding area
Over holding / play area5. Assess Drift Over holding / play area Hold into wind Assess the wind strength
4. Locate the DZ (move to holding area)Flight Drills 1. Check canopy 2. Pump brakes twice 3. All round observation 4. Locate the DZ (move to holding area) 5. Assess wind
Experiment If the wind conditions are not too strong, carry out the following exercises (over DZ) 360 left turn 360° right turn 3 practice flares
During Your Flight All round observation Altitude awarenessAlways Remember:- All round observation Altitude awareness Location of the PLA
The Landing Pattern
LANDING PATTERN (left-hand circuit) Play Area (up wind)
LANDING PATTERN (left-hand circuit) Play Area (up wind) Downwind Leg 1000ft _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
LANDING PATTERN (left-hand circuit) Play Area (up wind) Downwind Leg 1000ft _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Base Leg 500ft _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
LANDING PATTERN (left-hand circuit) Play Area (up wind) Downwind Leg 1000ft _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Base Leg 500ft _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Final Approach 300ft _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
LANDING PATTERN (left hand circuit) THE PARACHUTE LANDING AREAUPWIND HOLDING AREA Student Cross Landing Arrow RUNWAY THE PARACHUTE LANDING AREA
UPWIND HOLDING AREA 1000FT DOWNWIND LEG
UPWIND HOLDING AREA 1000FT DOWNWIND LEG 500ft BASE LEG
FINAL APPROCH 1000ft DOWNWIND LEG 500ft BASE LEG 300ftUPWIND HOLDING AREA FINAL APPROCH 1000ft DOWNWIND LEG 500ft BASE LEG 300ft
(10 ft, 2 - 3 sec's from the ground)Landings Smooth flare from full flight (10 ft, sec's from the ground)
If you flare too high - keep the toggles depressed & adopt the PLF positionIf you flare too low - flare quickly & PLF
4. Locate the DZ (move to holding area)Flight Drills 1. Check canopy 2. Pump brakes twice 3. All round observation 4. Locate the DZ (move to holding area) 5. Assess drift
The Landing Pattern
Turbulence Causes: thermals wind deflected over buildings Effects:canopy buffeting Cure: fly on third brakes until through turbulence
Common Problems (Nuisance Factors)
carry on with flight drillsToggle Released Prematurely Release other toggle and carry on with flight drills
SLIDER UP PUMP TOGGLES TWICE
END CELL, CLOSURE & SLIDER UPPUMP TOGGLES
TWISTS CHECK CANOPY KICK OUT OF TWISTS GRASP TOGGLES
ANY QUESTIONS ?
1. Show the Common problems video2. Look forward to flight two 3. Then give the hand- out out!
Ex. 8 - Descending Ex. 8 - Descending.
Ex. 22 – Forced Landing Ex Forced Landing.
Ex. 18 – Approach and Landing
Course Schedule three Assessment Scenarios Discussion Groups Discussion Groups.
Pre-Solo Training Program
CPL Air Law ATC Chapters 3.
Wings Program Crosswind Takeoffs & Landings Chuck Pinney, CFIG Loss of directional control in takeoff & landings are #2 & #1 in order of aircraft accident.
Atmospheric Effects on Flight Review 1
Piper Seminole Traffic Pattern
Lecture X: Wind Factors
FLYING BASIC COMPETITION AEROBATICS David Pilkington July 2013.
Principles of Flight Leading Cadet Training Resources.
Regional Gliding School u Occurs when the wing is no longer capable of producing sufficient lift to counteract the weight of the aircraft. A smooth.
Lecture 3: Take-off Performance
AIRCRAFT HANDLING Part 6 General Flying.
General Flying. Recap Aircraft Maintenance Ground Handling Prep for Flight General Flying.
Aerodynamic Theory Review 2
PROFILES & PROCEDURES FOR PIPER WARRIOR & CHEROKEE
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