Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6, Section 2. Interaction between men and women prior to the rise of dating is known as courtship. Its express purpose is marriage. The process."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 6, Section 2
Interaction between men and women prior to the rise of dating is known as courtship. Its express purpose is marriage. The process is a continuum– it steadily progresses, and can stop at any time. Courtship has not always been this flexible. It was not as casual as dating is today. Roles were strictly defined. Main purpose: FIND A SPOUSE!!!
Dating emerged due to the following factors: Industrial RevolutionPeople moved from the farms to the cities where young adults could gain more economic freedom and establish their own homes. As a result, parental control over young adults and courtship decreased. Public EducationBy the 1900s, most secondary school students attended coeducational public schools which increased interaction between boys and girls.
AutomobileYoung adults had more freedom of movement without their parents. TelephoneYoung adults could more easily talk to members of the opposite sex. Equality of WomenMore women entered the workforce and took on active community roles, which increased the interaction between single adult men and women.
In dating, as in other institutions, homogamy plays a large role. Homogamy= tendency of individuals to marry people who have social characteristics similar to their own. Where can this *idea* of homogamy also be seen in society?
Serves several important functions in adolescence. Serves as a form of entertainment Is a means of socialization that teaches people about the opposite sex and social situations Helps teach role behaviors and define self- concepts Fills psychological needs such as companionship Helps individuals attain status, as people are judged in part by whom they date Aids in spouse selection
In the 1920s/1930s, Willard Waller conducted a study of students on the campus of Penn State University. He found that for most of them, dating was mainly a form of entertainment and for social status. Most of the dating was within the individuals who were in fraternities and sororities.
Traditional Dating Patters Man is responsible for arranging the date. Rules of conduct were well-defined, and there was a pressure to conform. In the early stages of dating, there were certain set activities in order to lessen stress. As it progressed to steady dating there was generally a visible sign of commitment. - Summarize!!!
Contemporary Dating Patterns Ever since the 1960s, dating patterns have not been as formalized. No set stages of dating. Greater equality and flexibility. Dating is based more on friendship and the group than on the couple. - Summarize!!!
Teenage Sexual Behavior Teenage Drug Use Teenage Suicide