Presentation on theme: "The Adolescent in Society"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Adolescent in Society CHAPTER 6The Adolescent in SocietySection 1: Adolescence in SocietySection 2: Teenagers and DatingSection 3: Challenges of Adolescence
2 SECTION 1Adolescence in SocietyQuestion:How did adolescence develop as a distinct stage of the life cycle in the United States?
3 Adolescence in Society SECTION 1Adolescence in SocietyPrior to 1860sAdolescence did not exist as a separate life stage. Children treated as small adults.EducationWorkCourtsChildren stay in school longer; extended period of dependenceLaws restricted child labor, also increasing length of dependencyJuvenile-justice system legally distinguished between youth and adults.EffectDevelopment of adolescence as a distinct life stage between childhood and adulthood
4 SECTION 2Teenagers and DatingQuestion:How did various social changes lead to the emergence of dating?
5 Teenagers and Dating SECTION 2 Cause Effect People moved from the farms to the cities, where young adults could gain more economic freedom and their own homes. As a result, parental control over young adults and courtship decreased.Industrial RevolutionPublic EducationAutomobileTelephoneEquality of WomenBy the 1900s most secondary-school students attended coeducational public schools, which increased interaction between boys and girls.Young adults had more freedom of movement away from parents.Young adults could more easily talk to members of the opposite sex.More women entered the workforce and took on more active community roles, which increased the interaction between single adult men and women.
6 SECTION 3Challenges of AdolescenceQuestion:What are the causes and consequences of social problems facing contemporary teenagers?
7 Challenges of Adolescence SECTION 3Challenges of AdolescenceCauseEffectConsequencesTeenage Sexual BehaviorTeenage Drug UseTeenage Suicideloosening of norms concerning sexuality; low-income, one-parent familiesteenage pregnancy; expo-sure to or acquiring STDs such as syphilis or AIDSdropping out of school; having friends who use drugs; social and academic adjustment problems; hostile and rejecting family settingsincrease in the use of some drugs among teens; increase in drug-related violencealcohol or drug use; triggering events such as a family crisis or other trials of adolescence; being female; social isolation; living in an underpopulated area; bad family environment; cluster effect from publicized suicidesdeath; possible cluster effects leading to other teenage suicides; rise in U.S. teenage suicide rate; teen suicide rate now exceeds that for adults
8 Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 6 1. Describe the factors that led to the development of the concept of adolescence in the United States.2. Identify and describe the five major features of adolescence.3. How did the practice of dating develop in the United States?4. What functions does the dating process perform today?5. What major social problems face American teenagers today?