Presentation on theme: "8 th Grade Economics. On you handout, write down 5 words / thoughts that come to mind when you hear the term economics."— Presentation transcript:
8 th Grade Economics
On you handout, write down 5 words / thoughts that come to mind when you hear the term economics.
What is Economics? The use of limited resources such as money, raw materials, labor, etc by nations and states
Georgias Economy –How Georgia produces –How much debt Georgia has –How many Georgia citizens are employed
Economic Growth Always encouraged because… The better a states economy, the happier and secure its citizens tend to be! What do you know about the current state of our economy in Georgia? The U.S.?GeorgiaU.S.?
What is free trade? Importing and exporting products between nations or regions Imports –Products coming into Georgia Exports –Products leaving Georgia
Allows Georgia to earn money by selling to the rest of the world, while also purchasing products from other places that Georgians need or want.
Why was Georgia founded? England founded Georgia to produce goods for trade –Savannah Port Cotton Rice Indigo Lumber Tobacco International trade was essential to Georgias survival during the 1800s.
Today… Georgia relies heavily on TRADE Agricultural products and industries are a major portion of Georgias exports –Peanuts –Tobacco –Cotton –Soybeans –Corn –Poultry –Paper and Forest Products –Manufactured goods –Machinery
Goods and Services in GA During the 30s and 40s peanuts and pecans became very important to the state of Georgia. Nearly half the U.S. peanut crop comes from Georgia.
Georgias Economic Growth and Development What is profit? How is profit an incentive for entrepreneurs? How do entrepreneurs take risks to develop new goods and services in order to start a new business?
What is profit? Amount of money a person or business earns and has left over after all costs of production are paid
What is an entrepreneur? Someone who starts a business or a company, taking great financial risks in the process They take these risks in hopes of earning a profit.
How is profit an incentive for entrepreneurs?
How do entrepreneurs take risks to develop new goods and services in order to start a new business? Entrepreneurs take financial risks! They invest large amounts of money into a new business in hopes that they will earn a profit! If they dont earn a profit, their financial invest is lost!
1886, John Pemberton invented a new drink to cure headaches 1892, Asa Candler bought the rights to the drink for $2300 and began marketing Coca-Cola as a regular drink instead of as a medicine One of the first entrepreneurs to understand the importance of national advertising resulting in Coke becoming a household name. In 1919, he sold the company to Ernest Woodruff for $25 million making a profit of $24,997,700. Four years later, Robert Woodruff took over and built Coke into what is today!
The Home Depot 1978 - Founded by Bernie Marcus and Arthur Blank in Atlanta By 2004, profits exceeded $5 billion Locations in all 50 states and several foreign nations Arthur Blank is also the owner of the Atlanta Falcons as a result of his success with Home Depot
1927 - Created by Owen Cheatem in Augusta, GA Originally a lumber company Currently largest wholesaler of building products in North America Second largest producer of paper products
1924 – began as a crop-dusting business in Macon, GA Became a major airline under the leadership of C.E. Woolman 1941, moved headquarters to Atlanta 1 st transatlantic flight in 1978 Hard times due to economy, 9-11, etc Had to file for bankruptcy in 2003 and re-emerged from bankruptcy in 2007
1967 - Founded by Truett Cathy in Atlanta Original restaurant was called the Dwarf Grill Operates more than 1200 restaurants in 38 states Over $1.7 billion in profits One of the nations most successful restaurant chains
American Family Life Insurance (changed to Assurance) Company 1955 – founded in Columbus, GA by three brothers: John, Paul, and Bill Amos Pioneered Cancer insurance in 1958 Nationals leader in supplemental health insurance Rated as one of the best companies in the nation to work for Still based in Columbus One of the most popular company mascots: the AFLAC DUCK
Who am I? This product was initially created to be a medicine. In 1892, Asa Candler purchased this company for $2300. In turn, he sold the company for $25,000,000 in 1919!
Guess Who 1978 - Founded by Bernie Marcus and Arthur Blank in Atlanta By 2004, profits exceeded $5 billion Locations in all 50 states and several foreign nations
Who am I? Georgia company Originally a lumber company Now second largest producer of paper products
Who am I? Atlanta based company Began as a crop dusting business 1 st transatlantic flight in 1978 Filed for bankruptcy in 2003 due to economic issues
Who am I? Atlanta based Founded by Truett Cathy Original restaurant was called the Dwarf Grill Over $1.7 billion in profit
Who am I? Georgia based company Supplemental insurance Pioneered cancer insurance Most famous company mascot
Hmmm… What do you think state and local governments spend their money on??? How do you think state and local governments make money???
State and Local Spending Spend millions of dollars on employee salaries and services for citizens –Government employees (state or municipal money) Teachers Elected officials Law enforcement –Services for citizens Police and emergency services Education Medical services Trash collection, Road construction
How are choices made as to how the government will spend its money? Many services to fund, but revenues are limited (limited supply of money) A budget is used to organize the revenues and spending –A budget includes: Projected income Projected spending Services that will receive money –Debt affects a budget The greater the states debt, the less money for services and salaries.
Factors that affect government spending… Debt –The greater the debt, spending decreases Political Parties –Republicans more conservative with spending –Democrats more liberal with spending Taxes –The higher the taxes, the more money the government has for spending Population –The more people, the greater the demand for services –More tax payers Constituencies (a group of citizens an elected official represents and answers to) –How a constituency feels greatly affects how much a leader supports or opposes spending in certain areas Opportunity Cost –Giving up an option in order to obtain the other option
Opportunity Cost Examples… If the government chooses to fund a health care program, it must give up spending money on another program such as education or emergency services. What are a few opportunity cost choices you have had to make in the last two weeks?
Government Revenue Revenue is the money the government takes in to fund its spending Two revenue categories –Fees, Fines, and Grants –Taxes
Fees Money that you pay directly for a service, license, or to register for something, etc EX: –MARTA fare –Toll Road fare –Business license fee –Drivers license fee
Fines Money paid as a punishment –Traffic violations –Littering –Failure to abide by local ordinances –Failure to obey state regulations
Federal Grants Money the federal government gives to the state or local government in order to help address a specific issue –Road improvements –School improvements –Environment protection
Taxes Money that citizens and businesses must pay the government Most common way the state and local governments raise money Property Tax Income Tax
Sales Tax Tax on products you buy –Normally a percentage of the total cost Examples –CDs –Video Games –Clothing –Shoes
Property Tax Taxes on property you own Based on the value of your property Examples of property that will be taxed: –Cars –Homes –Other structures
Personal Income Tax Paid to the State of Georgia and the Federal government Based on how much money a person makes Comes out of a persons paycheck
Money Management… Without a money management plan, you may possibly fall into debt. Debt is the amount of money that you owe. This occurs when you spend more money than you actually have.
What is credit? Sometimes, debt isnt a negative thing. For example, when you buy a house or car… –You may borrow money from the bank or other lender and pay back the amount owed plus interest. –Interest is normally based on a percentage of the amount owed.
What happens when you are unable to pay back your loans??? When a home loan becomes too much for an individual or couple to pay back, the lender or bank can take back the property. This is known as foreclosure. –The borrowers lose their house and any amount of money they have paid on their loan. If you become unable to pay your car payment, the lender can re-possess your property. All above can lead to a very low credit score.
How can you affect the economy through your on personal money management?
When people dont pay their loans, it hurts the economy because lenders make less money and, therefore, have less money to lend. As a result, not as many people can get the loans they need to buy houses, etc.
As a result…. There is a HUGE snowball effect…. Fewer people purchase homes… Income for realtors, contractors, car salesmen, etc decreases… Sales people make less commission… Waiters get fewer tips… And people begin losing JOBS!
The amount of money that you owe to lenders is called what? A – credit B – interest C – bankruptcy D – debt
Which of the following does a person need to know to plan an effective budget? A – Statewide interest rates B – His or her credit score C - Personal income D – Adjustable rate mortgages
People save money for all of the following reasons except… A – Retirement B – A specific item they want to buy C – Education (College) D – To win the lottery
You should make wise money decisions because… A – You want to buy a video game. B – You want to go bankrupt. C – You want to lose your job. D – You want to be a good citizen and positively contribute to the economy and your community.