Presentation on theme: "The ECONOMY. The ECONOMY - a system by which goods and services are produced, sold, and bought in a country or region. The ECONOMY Who would ever think."— Presentation transcript:
The ECONOMY - a system by which goods and services are produced, sold, and bought in a country or region. The ECONOMY Who would ever think that a word with such a dull definition could be the source of contentious discussion, dispute and debate?
When the ECONOMY is doing well citizens; find a job earn livable wages buy goods with cash and wise use of credit enjoy a high standard of living The ECONOMY BUT WHAT SYSTEM OR APPROACH IS MOST LIKELY TO SECURE THE ABOVE?
Socialism An economic / political philosophy that believes the government should distribute wealth and services equally the government should own institutions so that equal public access is allowed. Capitalism An economic / political philosophy that believes in small government and Privately owned businesses Wages determined by market forces Profit motivation
More Entertaining Definitions CAPITALISM: You have two cows. You sell one and buy a bull. If you do this well, have some good luck, you can drink a lot of milk. SOCIALISM: You have two cows. The state takes one (or at least the milk) and give it to someone else – determined to be in need of milk. COMMUNISM: You have two cows, both owned by the government. The government gives you milk. FASCISM: You have two cows. State takes both of them, and gives/sells you milk, maybe, if you follow the party line.
TAXES There are only two things guaranteed in life; death and taxes. Both are unpleasant.
TYPES OF TAXES Progressive: The tax is collected with consideration to your income. Regressive: The tax is collected without consideration to your income Flat: The tax is collected without consideration of deductions (#of children, mortgage interest …) nor your wealth.
TYPES OF TAXES Progressive: Federal Income State Income Regressive: Property (Town) Sales (State) Other: Fees (State and Local) Penalties
Progressive Income Tax Federal Income Tax The NATIONAL government deducts money from your pay. State Income Tax: The STATE government deducts money from your pay. National Income Tax Rate for 2011
Regressive Taxes Sales and Property Tax (and fees) Sales Tax: States tax your purchases. This is sometimes referred to as a consumer tax. Property Tax: The state and/or local government tax the worth of your home and car.
Government Budgets / Services Government taxes are collected to pay for government services (military, welfare, education …) How much money (taxes) is needed depends in large part to how many government services the citizens are willing to pay for. The relationship between all these factors determines the government’s budget and subsequent tax rate (how much money they need from citizens.) When the government’s revenues (taxes) do not amount to the cost of services, they deficit spend. This is like taking a loan for the future which causes debt.
National Government Expenses Entitlements Entitlement government programs include: Social Security Medicare Medicaid Welfare An entitlement is the right to a particular privilege or benefit, granted by law or custom.
Social Security Primarily a government pension program. Created in 1935 during the Great Depression. Social Security is funded through payroll taxes. Looming Social Security Crisis
Deficit Spending and Debt Raising taxes or cutting services makes government officials unpopular. Perhaps related, often the government deficit spends (spend more $ than they collect.) Deficit spending creates debt, with interest. Government programs are expensive. Funding these programs requires higher taxes.