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Chapter Four Love, Intimacy, and Sexual Communication.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter Four Love, Intimacy, and Sexual Communication."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Four Love, Intimacy, and Sexual Communication

2 Historical Perspectives Arrange Marriages Dowries Bundling Marriage for Love and Intimacy

3 Establishing Early Intimacy Field of Eligibles Physical Attractiveness The Beautiful is Better Bias The Effect of Media The Matching Hypothesis Proximity Proximity Effect Mere Exposure Effect Similarity Flirting Reciprocity of Attraction

4 John Lees Styles of Love The Six Styles Eros Love Ludus Love Storge Love Mania Love Pragma Love Agape Love Combining Love Styles

5 John Lees Styles of Love (cont.)

6 Robert Sternbergs Triangular Theory of Love The Three Components Intimacy Passion Commitment

7 Robert Sternbergs Triangular Theory of Love Possible Combinations of the Three Components Liking (I) Infatuation (P) Empty Love (C) Romantic Love (I & P) Fatuous Love (P &C) Companionate Love (I &C) Consummate Love (I, P & C) Applying the Triangular Theory

8 Communication In Love Relationships Self-Disclosure: How Much Should You Reveal About Yourself? Behavioral Attributions: Why Did You Do That? Relationship-enhancing Attributions Distress-maintaining Attributions Patterns of Effective Communication Validating Communication Volatile Communication Conflict-avoiding Communication

9 Communication In Love Relationships (cont.) Communication Warning Signs Criticism Contempt Defensiveness Stonewalling Improving Communication Understanding Intimate Communication: Six Simple Truths Enhancing Intimate Communication: Five Rules

10 Sexual Communication Sexual Self-disclosure Barriers –Lack of Information –Embarrassment –Insecurity About Using the Right Words –Sexual Taboos –Fear of Judgment –Fear of Rejection Strategies for Improving Sexual Communication

11 Losing Love: Ten Reasons Why Relationships Fail 1.Lack of Self-knowledge 2.Acceptance of Sexual Myths and Stereotypes 3.Ineffective Communication 4.Imbalances of Decision-making Power 5.Low Self-esteem, Insecurity and Lack of Self- confidence 6.Isolation 7.Failing to Keep Promises, Lying, or Cheating 8.Excessive Jealousy (Normal vs. Delusional) 9.Control Issues 10.Violence

12 Abusive and Violent Relationships Types of Relationship Abuse Physical Verbal Emotional In Touch with Your Sexual Health: Signs of Relationship Abuse Signs That You May Have an Abusive Partner Signs That You May Be an Abusive Partner

13 Abusive and Violent Relationships (cont.)

14 The Cycle of Violence and Abuse The Honeymoon Phase and/or the Beginning of the Relationship The Tension-building Phase Explosion Return to the Honeymoon Phase

15 Getting Out and Moving On Leaving a Violent Relationship The Temptation to Go Back Self-Discovery Your Criteria for a Healthy, Nonabusive Relationship What Qualities Do You Require? What Characteristics Are Unacceptable? Loving Again

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