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Cabinets -4- Countertops. u located above base cabinet u provide surface for –work –sink –cooking tops u Variety of materials –ceramic tiles –plastic.

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Presentation on theme: "Cabinets -4- Countertops. u located above base cabinet u provide surface for –work –sink –cooking tops u Variety of materials –ceramic tiles –plastic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cabinets -4- Countertops

2 u located above base cabinet u provide surface for –work –sink –cooking tops u Variety of materials –ceramic tiles –plastic laminates –synthetic materials

3 Ceramic Tile Countertops u clay that has been fired –glazed u variety of shapes, sizes, & patterns u features –very scratch resistant –very heat resistant –stain resistant –very durable –brittle –cost more than plastic laminate countertops

4 Sizes and Shapes of Ceramic Tile ( The most popular size is 4 1/4 x 4 1/4)

5 Ceramic Tile Application u Require a good sound base to work from –3/4 exterior grade plywood u Has grout lines between tiles (hard to clean) u Popular applications –Thin bed –Cement mortar bed –Cementitious Backer Unit

6 Ceramic Tile Application u Thin bed detail –epoxy mortar adheres to plywood and tile –very inexpensive method –drawback, does not last very long

7 Ceramic Tile Application u Cement mortar detail –mortar bed on top of plywood –longer lasting

8 Cement Mortar u Layered steps –1 3/4 plywood –2 15 pound bldg paper –3 metal lath –4 metal edge –5 mortar bed –6 neat cement coat –7 ceramic tile –8 cement joint grout

9 Cementitious Backer Unit u Requirements –cement backer board underlayment –level plywood base (minimal shimming)

10 Plastic Laminate Countertops u PL = high pressured plastic laminate u veneer material applied to plywood or particle board u most common and cost is reasonable u variety of finishes: gloss, satin, furniture, & textured, many colors for interior coordination u features –scratch & chip resistant –heat resistant (short duration of low heat) –stain resistant (somewhat)

11 Shapes and Edge Treatments u Fully formed top u Self-Edge u No-Drip Bullnose u No-Drip Tilt Edge u Rolled Edge u Beveled Edge

12 Plastic Laminate Countertops u Fully Formed Top –a counter top made with a continuous sheet of plastic, combining a no-drip bull-nose edge, integral cove, and waterfall back splash

13 Edge Treatments u Self Edge u No Drip Bullnose u No Drip Tilt Edge u Rolled Edge

14 Plastic Laminate Countertops Corners/Edges Detail u Bevel edge counter top

15 Additional Materials in Countertops u Cultured Marble (Imitation) u Synthetic Marble –Corian –Avonite u Stone

16 Cultured Marble u made of limestone & coat of polyester resin u materials resemble marble u integral sink u nonporous surface u dont use hard abrasives u if resin becomes worn, poor appearance

17 Corian Countertops u trade name of methyl methacrylate u single material u similar in appearance to marble –more consistent pattern u nonporous surface u scratch marks can be sanded out Wood-laminated Acrylic-laminated

18 Corian Countertops Edge Treatment u Apron return u Cantilever reveal u Routed edge

19 Avonite Countertops u man-made material that simulates marble or stone-like products u cuts almost like wood

20 Stone Countertops u $120 to cut sink hole with polished edge u Soap Stone--$40/sq ft (soft & easy to scratch) u Granite--$50/sq ft cut to fit –$15 apron/linear ft, 3/4 thick in West, 1 1/4 East u Travertine--$20/sq ft unfilled, $24/sq ft filled & polish –edge detail 6$ linear foot polish & filled, 7/8 normal thickness (Bill Orchard--production Idaho Travertine) u Marble--$40/sq ft cut to fit –$15 apron/linear ft, lots of colors available


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